Foundations of Science 26 (3):585-605 (2021)

A re-visitation of Joule’s experiment motivates a critical analysis of thermodynamic notions: heat, total energy, first principle, organization of a scientific theory, its relationships with logic and mathematics. A rational re-construction of thermodynamics is suggested according to the model of a problem-based organization, that Sadi Carnot applied to his formulation. The new formulation accomplishes the long time theoretical process started by Joule’s experiment within physicists community's collective mind, i.e. the process of exiting out Baconian science for suggesting a first theory out Newton’s paradigm, and eventually for introducing a pluralism of incompatible physical theories.
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-020-09667-z
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Classical Recursion Theory: The Theory of Functions and Sets of Natural Numbers.Piergiorgio Odifreddi - 1989 - Sole Distributors for the Usa and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
La Science et l'Hypothèse.H. Poincaré - 1903 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 55:667-671.
La Science et l'Hypothèse.H. Poincaré - 1903 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 11 (1):1-1.

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