If Nudges Treat Their Targets as Rational Agents, Nonconsensual Neurointerventions Can Too

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1:1-16 (2022)
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Andreas Schmidt and Neil Levy have recently defended nudging against the objection that nudges fail to treat nudgees as rational agents. Schmidt rejects two theses that have been taken to support the objection: that nudges harness irrational processes in the nudgee, and that they subvert the nudgee’s rationality. Levy rejects a third thesis that may support the objection: that nudges fail to give reasons. I argue that these defences can be extrapolated from nudges to some nonconsensual neurointerventions; if Schmidt’s and Levy’s defences succeed, then some nonconsensual neurointerventions neither harness irrationality, nor subvert rationality, nor fail to give reasons. This, I claim, poses a challenge both to opponents of nonconsensual neurointerventions, and to defenders of nudging.

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Thomas Douglas
University of Oxford

Citations of this work

The Conditions for Ethical Chemical Restraints.Parker Crutchfield & Michael Redinger - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience.
Manipulation, machine induction, and bypassing.Gabriel De Marco - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 180 (2):487-507.

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References found in this work

Liberalism Without Perfection.Jonathan Quong - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
Against Autonomy: Justifying Coercive Paternalism.Sarah Conly - 2012 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The Ethics of Nudge.Luc Bovens - 2008 - In Mats J. Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff (eds.), Preference Change: Approaches from Philosophy, Economics and Psychology. Berlin: Springer, Theory and Decision Library A. pp. 207-20.
Debate: To nudge or not to nudge.Daniel M. Hausman & Brynn Welch - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):123-136.
Against autonomy: justifying coercive paternalism.Sarah Conly - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):349-349.

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