Evaluating the Impact of NGO Activism of Corporate Social Responsibility: Cases from Europe and the United States

Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:126-131 (2007)
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We argue that differences in the institutional setting of Europe and the US is the critical factor in understanding policymaking in Europe and the United States, and particularly the influence of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). To test this relationship between institutional differences, corporate social responsibility (CSR), and NGO activism, we investigate 12 cases involving US and European companies in each of three industries. We conclude that different institutional structures and political legacies in the US and Europe are important factors in explaining the influence of NGOs on business and in the policymaking process, regardless of the timeliness of corporate strategy or NGO influence



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