Gambling on the unconscious: A comparison of wagering and confidence ratings as measures of awareness in an artificial grammar task☆

Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):674-681 (2010)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

We explore three methods for measuring the conscious status of knowledge using the artificial grammar learning paradigm. We show wagering is no more sensitive to conscious knowledge than simple verbal confidence reports but is affected by risk aversion. When people wager rather than give verbal confidence they are less ready to indicate high confidence. We introduce a “no-loss gambling” method which is insensitive to risk aversion. We show that when people are just as ready to bet on a genuine random process as their own classification decisions, their classifications are still above baseline, indicating knowledge participants are not aware of having. Our results have methodological implications for any study investigating whether people are aware of knowing

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,678

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

No-loss gambling shows the speed of the unconscious.Andy Mealor & Zoltan Dienes - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):228-237.

Analytics

Added to PP
2010-09-13

Downloads
104 (#168,189)

6 months
15 (#235,985)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

References found in this work

Consciousness and Mind.David M. Rosenthal - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
Implicit learning and tacit knowledge.Arthur S. Reber - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (3):219-235.
The Matter of Chance.D. H. Mellor - 1971 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by D. H. Mellor.

View all 41 references / Add more references