Interpreting Evidence: Why Values Can Matter As Much As Science

Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):59-70 (2012)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Despite increasing recognition of the ways in which ethical and social values play a role in science (Kitcher 2001; Longino 1990, 2002), scientists are often still reluctant to acknowledge or discuss ethical and social values at stake in their research. Even when research is closely connected to developing public policy, it is generally held that it should be empirical data, and not the values of scientists, that inform policy. According to this view, scientists need not, and should not, endorse non-epistemic values related to their research, as doing so may bias their assessment of what the evidence is. As a result, debates over science-based policy tend to be construed solely as empirical discussions to be ..

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 89,764

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Value of Cognitive Values.Heather Douglas - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):796-806.
The Role of Non-Epistemic Values in Engineering Models.Sven Diekmann & Martin Peterson - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):207-218.
Economic values in the configuration of science.Wenceslao J. González - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):85-112.
Toward a More Objective Understanding of the Evidence of Carcinogenic Risk.Deborah G. Mayo - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:489 - 503.
Subjective views of Kuhn.Peter Achinstein - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):423-432.
Underdetermination and incommensurability in contemporary epidemiology.Douglas L. Weed - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (2):107-124.

Analytics

Added to PP
2012-02-29

Downloads
107 (#149,638)

6 months
4 (#314,058)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Inmaculada de Melo-Martin
Weill Cornell Medicine--Cornell University

Citations of this work

Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
Neuroethics: A Conceptual Approach.Michele Farisco, Arleen Salles & Kathinka Evers - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (4):717-727.
Medical Apps: Public and Academic Perspectives.William H. Krieger - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):259-273.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
Social Empiricism.Miriam Solomon - 2001 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
What evidence in evidence-based medicine?John Worrall - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S316-S330.

View all 6 references / Add more references