Life Satisfaction and Affect: Why Do these SWB Measures Correlate Differently with Material Goods and Freedom?

Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-16 (forthcoming)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Two different types of subjective well-being (SWB) measures exhibit a remarkable difference in their correlations with people’s circumstances. The life satisfaction method shows relatively a strong correlation with income and material conveniences while affective measures are more tightly linked with freedom. Why is this so? To explain this difference I examine the cognitive mechanisms underlying these measures by means of dual process theory. This theory identifies two broad categories of cognition. One is Type 1: fast, intuitive, automatic and autonomous. The other is Type 2: slow, deliberate and under conscious control. (They are also known as System 1 and System 2). I argue that in our normal decision making there is a division of labor between these mechanisms. Type 2 is more focused on making choices, comparing material goods and tradeoffs between them, while Type 1 is more oriented at the freedom that is necessary to make those choices.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 89,764

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

A Critique of the Incentives Argument for Inequalities.Max Seeger - 2011 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (25):40-52.
Explaining Human Diversity: the Need to Balance Fit and Complexity.Armin W. Schulz - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):457-475.
Explaining Human Diversity: the Need to Balance Fit and Complexity.Armin W. Schulz - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):1-19.
A Critique of the Incentives Argument for Inequalities.Max Seeger - 2011 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):40-52.
Are People Implicitly Moral Objectivists?Lieuwe Zijlstra - 2023 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (1):229-247.
Editorial: Sensory Categories.Yasmina Jraissati - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (3):419-439.
Editorial: Cultural Variation and Cognition.Edouard Machery, Joshua Knobe & Stephen P. Stich - 2023 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):339-347.
Editorial: Predictive Processing and Consciousness.Mark Miller, Andy Clark & Tobias Schlicht - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (4):797-808.
Perception of Absence and Penetration from Expectation.Anna Farennikova - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):621-640.

Analytics

Added to PP
2023-11-01

Downloads
2 (#1,621,968)

6 months
2 (#652,396)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Jelle De Boer
University of Amsterdam

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition Advancing the Debate.Jonathan Evans & Keith E. Stanovich - 2013 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 8 (3):223-241.
Emotions and the problem of variability.Juan R. Loaiza - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology (2):1-23.
What If Well-Being Measurements Are Non-Linear?Daniel Wodak - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (1):29-45.

View all 13 references / Add more references