In J. A. de Barros, B. Coecke & E. Pothos (eds.), Lecture Notes on Computer Science (forthcoming)

Carlos Montemayor
San Francisco State University
J. Acacio de Barros
San Francisco State University
Integrated Information Theory (IIT) is one of the most influential theories of consciousness, mainly due to its claim of mathematically formalizing consciousness in a measurable way. However, the theory, as it is formulated, does not account for contextual observations that are crucial for understanding consciousness. Here we put forth three possible difficulties for its current version, which could be interpreted as a trilemma. Either consciousness is contextual or not. If contextual, either IIT needs revisions to its axioms to include contextuality, or it is inconsistent. If consciousness is not contextual, then IIT faces an empirical challenge. Therefore, we argue that IIT in its current version is inadequate.
Keywords consciousness  contextuality  Integrated Information Theory
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