Self-consciousness in chimps and pigeons

Philosophical Psychology 2 (3):249-59 (1989)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Chimpanzee behaviour with mirrors makes it plausible that they can recognise themselves as themselves in mirrors, and so have a 'self-concept'. I defend this claim, and argue that roughly similar behaviour in pigeons, as reported, does not in fact make it equally plausible that they also have this mental capacity. But for all that it is genuine, chimpanzee self-consciousness may differ significantly from ours. I describe one possibility I believe consistent with the data, even if not very plausible: that the chimpanzee is aware of itself only as a material being, and not as a subject of any psychological states. As I try to make clear, this possibility exists even if the chimpanzee has psychological states, and is aware of some of them



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,347

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Animal consciousness.Robert W. Lurz - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24 (January):149-168.
Bermudez on self-consciousness.Brian J. Garrett - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (210):96-101.
Is self-representation necessary for consciousness?William Seager - 2006 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 12.
Animals, consciousness, and I-thoughts.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2009 - In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press. pp. 184--200.
Is 'consciousness' ambiguous?Michael V. Antony - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (2):19-44.
Consciousness and self-consciousness.Uriah Kriegel - 2004 - The Monist 87 (2):182-205.


Added to PP

64 (#254,658)

6 months
5 (#648,401)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press. Edited by John Henry McDowell.
Brainstorms.Daniel C. Dennett - 1978 - MIT Press.
Individuals.P. F. Strawson - 1959 - Garden City, N.Y.: Routledge.
Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?David Premack & G. Woodruff - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):515-629.

View all 13 references / Add more references