From Effect to Cause: Deductive Reasoning

Kairos 22 (1):109-131 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


According to the traditional view, the following incompatibility holds true: in reasoning, either there is warrant (certainty) or there is novelty. If there is warrant, there is not novelty: that would be the case of deductive reasoning. If there is novelty, there is not warrant: that would be the case of inductive reasoning. Causal reasoning would belong to the second group because there is novelty and, therefore, there is not warrant in it. I argue that this is false: reasoning may have novelty and, nevertheless, be a deductive one. That is precisely what happens in (some) causal reasoning. And I will develop the following line of argumentation: one thing is to warrant that some state of affairs exists and other thing is to warrant that warrant. So we may have correct deductive reasoning without having certainty of that correction, like in some cases of causal reasoning.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 77,737

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Deductive Reasoning.Joshua Schechter - 2013 - In Hal Pashler (ed.), The Encyclopedia of the Mind. SAGE Reference.
Intuitions for inferences.Sinan Dogramaci - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):371-399.
Further examination of mediated associations in deductive reasoning.James J. Roberge - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):127.
Formal aspects of Legal reasoning.A. Soeteman - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):731-746.
Blind reasoning.Paul A. Boghossian - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):225–248.
How (Not) to Justify Induction.Dale Jacquette - 2011 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):1-18.
Logic and analyticity.Tyler Burge - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):199-249.
Epistemic Reasoning and the Mental.Mikkel Gerken - 2013 - New York: Palgrave Macmillan (Innovations in Philosophy).


Added to PP

14 (#739,663)

6 months
1 (#482,368)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Ricardo Tavares Da Silva
Universidade de Lisboa

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Studies in the logic of explanation.Carl Gustav Hempel & Paul Oppenheim - 1948 - Philosophy of Science 15 (2):135-175.
Studies in the Logic of Explanation.Carl G. Hempel & Paul Oppenheim - 1948 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):133-133.
Contradiction.Laurence R. Horn - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

View all 18 references / Add more references