Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-29 (2022)

Authors
John Danaher
University College, Galway
Abstract
What is techno-optimism and how can it be defended? Although techno-optimist views are widely espoused and critiqued, there have been few attempts to systematically analyse what it means to be a techno-optimist and how one might defend this view. This paper attempts to address this oversight by providing a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of techno-optimism. It is argued that techno-optimism is a pluralistic stance that comes in weak and strong forms. These vary along a number of key dimensions but each shares the view that technology plays a key role in ensuring that the good prevails over the bad. Whatever its strength, to defend this stance, one must flesh out an argument with four key premises. Each of these premises is highly controversial and can be subjected to a number of critiques. The paper discusses five such critiques in detail. The paper also considers possible responses from the techno-optimist. Finally, it is concluded that although strong forms of techno-optimism are not intellectually defensible, a modest, agency-based version of techno-optimism may be defensible.
Keywords techno-optimism   techno-pessimism  sustainability  stances  futurism  presentism  agency
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DOI 10.1007/s13347-022-00550-2
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References found in this work BETA

Mind the Gap: Responsible Robotics and the Problem of Responsibility.David J. Gunkel - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (4):307-320.

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Citations of this work BETA

What is Techno-Optimism?Peter Königs - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (3):1-5.

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