The Iliad, the _Odyssey_ and their audiences

Classical Quarterly 45 (2):269-279 (1995)
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Abstract

It has been easy to take the apparently detached viewpoint of the two early Greek epics as actually objective, a window on a ‘Heroic Age’, on a ‘Homeric society’ and its values. We used to ask whether ‘Homeric society’ belongs to the poets' own time or to some earlier one. We still ask how to characterize and explain the ways in which the ‘Homeric world’ differs fromanyworld that we can accept as having existed: we answer with phrases such as ‘poetic exaggeration’ and ‘epic distance’. We have constructed ‘Homeric society’, but it remains an isolate. It can tell us nothing in return of the poets' intentions, or of the society of their time, unless we have a working hypothesis as to the place in that society that was held by the poets and their audiences.

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The Use and Abuse of Homer.Ian Morris - 1986 - Classical Antiquity 5 (1):129-41.
The singing of Homer and the modes of early Greek music.Martin L. West - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:113-129.
Neoanalysis and Beyond.Mark W. Edwards - 1990 - Classical Antiquity 9 (2):311-325.

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