L’évolution philosophique de Sartre dans Qu’est-ce que la littérature?

Laval Théologique et Philosophique 79 (1):45-71 (2023)
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Abstract

In this paper, I focus on the specific philosophical contribution of Jean-Paul Sartre’s What is Literature? (1948), in the context of the existentialist meditation of this period (Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty). I first establish how Sartre underpins the concept of freedom, by probing its epistemic aspect of testimony and its practical aspect of consciousness-raising, as well as its intrinsic dimensions of negativity and construction. Furthermore, I prove that such a conceptual improvement entails a fresh meditation by Sartre on the motive “making History”. Such meditation corresponds to a drastic modification of the precedence and order of what Sartre describes as “the cardinal categories of human reality”, to the detriment of the categories of being and having, and in favor of the category of making. I demonstrate that there is a shift from Being and Nothingness. I conclude by considering the significance of such a conceptual improvement of freedom, such a meditation of history, and such a categorial reshuffle, when it comes to the questions of the practical meaning of literature, of its appropriate form, and of its possible totalization.

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Michel Dalissier
Kanazawa University

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References found in this work

L'Être et le Néant.J. -P. Sartre - 1943 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 49 (2):183-184.
L'Évolution Créatrice.Henri Bergson - 1912 - International Journal of Ethics 22 (4):462-467.
L'évolution Créatrice.Henri Bergson - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (22):603-612.
Hegel et l'État.Eric Weil - 1954 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 144:463-464.

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