Philosophy of Science:1-31 (forthcoming)

Authors
Ana-Maria Crețu
University of Bristol
Abstract
Despite its potential implications for the objectivity of scientific knowledge, the claim that ‘scientific instruments are perspectival’ has received little critical attention. I show that this claim is best understood as highlighting the dependence of instruments on different perspectives. When closely analysed, instead of constituting a novel epistemic challenge, this dependence can be exploited to mount novel strategies for resolving two old epistemic problems: conceptual relativism and theory ladeness. The novel content of this paper consists in articulating and developing these strategies by introducing two fine-grained notions of perspectives as the key units of analysis: ‘broad perspectives’ and ‘narrow perspectives’ Scientific Instruments, Objectivity, Instrumental Incommensurability, Relativism, Broad Perspectives, Narrow Perspectives, Instrumental Theory-Ladeness
Keywords Scientific Instruments, Objectivity, Instrumental Incommensurability, Relativism, Broad Perspectives, Narrow Perspectives, Instrumental Theory-Ladeness
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DOI 10.1017/psa.2021.32
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Scientific Perspectivism.Ronald N. Giere - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.

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