Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 24 (1):69-102 (2014)

Glen Cooper
Brigham Young University
The article considers a brief catechistic presentation of a Galenic medical doctrine, the critical days, by the 9thcentury translator and thinker, Qusṭā ibn Lūqā, found in a manuscript in Iran. The piece is first shown to have been derived from Galen's treatise on the critical days. Then, it is discussed section by section, in commentary form, to elucidate the medical doctrines Qusṭā propounds. Lastly, the piece is compared with an earlier attempt, by al-Kindī, to describe the critical days mathematically. The various medical doctrines behind the treatise are discussed, as are the varying approaches to scientific method. The article concludes with contrasting thea priorimathematical scientific method of al-Kindī with thea posterioriempirical method of Galen/Qusṭā, and offers suggestions about the chronologies of the appearances of these doctrines and texts in Arabic. A transcription of the Arabic text is appended.RésuméCet article examine une brève présentation catéchétique de la doctrine médicale galénique des jours critiques composée par le traducteur et penseur duixesiècle Qusṭā ibn Lūqā et que l'on a trouvée dans un manuscrit iranien. Tout d'abord, on démontre que cette œuvre a été composée à partir du traité de Galien sur les jours critiques. Ensuite, on la discute section par section, sous forme de commentaire, pour élucider les doctrines médicales proposées par Qusṭā. Enfin, l'œuvre est comparée avec une tentative antérieure, celle d'al-Kindī, de décrire les jours critiques d'une façon mathématique. On discute les diverses doctrines présentes à l'arrière-plan du traité, comme les diverses approches de la méthode scientifique. L'article se conclut en mettant en contraste la méthode scientifique mathématique eta priorid'al-Kindī avec la méthode empirique eta posterioride Galien et Qusṭā, et il fait des suggestions concernant la chronologie des occurrences de ces doctrines et de ces textes en langue arabe. Une transcription du texte arabe est donnée en appendice.
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DOI 10.1017/s095742391300009x
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References found in this work BETA

Galen and Astrology: A Mésalliance?Glen Cooper - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (2):120-146.
Numbers, Prognosis, and Healing: Galen on Medical Theory.Glen Cooper - 2004 - Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 90 (2):45-60.
The Diatritus and Therapy in Graeco-Roman Medicine.David Leith - 2008 - Classical Quarterly 58 (2):581-.

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