Argumentation 28 (4):437-452 (2014)

Authors
Michelle Ciurria
Washington University in St. Louis
Abstract
In his influential work on critical argumentation, Douglas Walton explains how to judge whether an argumentum ad verecundiam is fallacious or legitimate. He provides six critical questions and a number of ancillary sub-questions to guide the identification of reasonable appeals to authority. While it is common for informal logicians to acknowledge the role of bias in sampling procedures and hypothesis confirmation , there is a conspicuous lack of discourse on the effect of identity prejudice on judgments of authority, even though this is a well-documented factor in attributing credibility, expertise, trustworthiness, and professional competence to oppressed groups. This could result in faulty judgments of ad verecundiam fallacy. Focusing on gender bias, I review recent works in feminist epistemology—particularly those of Miranda Fricker and Helen Longino —to develop three gender-based critical questions to supplement Walton’s original list of six. This addition will help us to identify erroneous dismissals of appeals to authority based on epistemic injustice and epistemic irresponsibility on the part of the speaker or knowledge community. This project promotes the overlapping aims of feminist epistemology and informal logic
Keywords Ad verecundiam  Authority  Expertise  Epistemic injustice  Epistemic responsibility
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-014-9328-0
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References found in this work BETA

The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation.Douglas Walton - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments From Authority.Douglas Neil Walton - 1997 - University Park, PA, USA: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Coalescent Argumentation.Michael A. Gilbert - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):837-852.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Vices of Argument.Andrew Aberdein - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):413-422.
Feminist Perspectives on Argumentation.Catherine E. Hundleby - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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