Authors
Frederick Choo
Rutgers University - New Brunswick
Esther Goh
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Abstract
Alvin Plantinga has famously responded to the logical problem of evil by appealing to the intrinsic value of significant free will. A problem, however, arises because traditional theists believe that both God and the redeemed who go to heaven cannot do wrong acts. This entails that both God and the redeemed in heaven lack significant freedom. If significant freedom is indeed valuable, then God and the redeemed in heaven would lack something intrinsically valuable. However, if significant freedom is not intrinsically valuable, then Plantinga’s reply to the logical problem of evil fails. In this paper, we assess three contemporary solutions to the dilemma above. The first is the love solution, which proposes that significant freedom is necessary for agents to love, and loving others is intrinsically good. The second is the soul-making solution, which argues that significant freedom is necessary for self-developing one’s moral character, and having a self-developed moral character is intrinsically good. The third is the derivative free will solution, which argues that significant freedom is necessary for derivative free will in heaven, and derivative free will is intrinsically good. We raise problems against all three solutions and instead defend a fourth solution – the ultimate responsibility solution. That is, SF is instrumentally valuable as it gives agents ultimate responsibility with regards to morally significant acts. Finally, we defend the ultimate responsibility solution against two major objections.
Keywords Free Will Defense  Problem of Evil  God's Freedom  Heavenly Freedom  Soul-Making
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,163
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Evil and Omnipotence.J. L. Mackie - 1955 - Mind 64 (254):200-212.
Is There a God?Richard Swinburne - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven.Kevin Timpe & Timothy Pawl - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):396-417.
The Logical Problem of Evil: Mackie and Plantinga.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2013 - In Justin McBrayer & Daniel Howard-Snyder (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 19-33.

View all 30 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Divine and Conventional Frankfurt Examples.Ishtiyaque Haji - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 23 (3):51-72.
Time Has Gone Today.Frank Piontek - 2019 - International Journal of Theology, Philosophy and Science 3 (5):69-78.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Evil, Freedom and Heaven.Simon Cushing - 2018 - In Heaven and Philosophy. Lanham: Lexington. pp. 201-230.
Making the Best Even Better.Christopher M. Brown - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (1):63-80.
Is There Freedom In Heaven?James F. Sennett - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):69-82.
Some Problems of Heavenly Freedom.Simon Kittle - 2018 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 2 (2):97-115.
Tracing and Heavenly Freedom.Benjamin Matheson - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84 (1):57-69.
What God Could Have Made.Michael Losonsky & Heimir Geirsson - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):355-376.
Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven.Kevin Timpe & Timothy Pawl - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):396-417.
Divine Freedom and Free Will Defenses.W. Paul Franks - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (1):108-119.
Transworld Depravity and Divine Omniscience.Sean Meslar - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 77 (3):205-218.
Divine Freedom and the Problem of Evil.Theodore Guleserian - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (3):348-366.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-06-30

Total views
142 ( #82,418 of 2,506,511 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #30,018 of 2,506,511 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes