Three Sosaian Responses and a Wittgensteinian Response to the Dream Argument in the Zhuangzi

Philosophia 44 (3):721-743 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Ernest Sosa has proposed at least three responses to the dream argument for skepticism in his writings in the past decade. The first and the main purpose of this paper is to critically examine the three Sosaian responses, as well as a Wittgensteinian response Sosa would endorse, by investigating whether they can refute the six different versions of the dream argument found in a passage in the Zhuangzi. The second purpose of this paper is exactly to offer an exposition of the passage in the Zhuangzi so as to show that there were already sophisticated versions of the dream argument in ancient China. The main results of the critical examination are as follows. For four of the six versions of the dream argument found in the Zhuangzi, each of them can be refuted by either the Wittgensteinian response or one of the three Sosaian responses. With respect to the remaining two versions of the dream argument, one of them can be refuted partially by two of Sosa’s responses. First, that version of the dream argument can be refuted by one of Sosa’s responses, provided the imagination model of dreaming is adopted. Second, it can also be refuted by another of Sosa’s responses without assuming the imagination model of dreaming, though both the view that there is unsafe knowledge and a certain externalist reliabilism need to be adopted. However, another of the two remaining versions of the dream argument cannot be refuted by any of the Sosaian responses, nor the Wittgensteinian response. This shows that the three Sosaian responses and the Wittgensteinian response cannot refute significantly many different versions of the dream argument. Sosa’s responses, including the Wittgensteinian response, therefore are not in general successful in the refutation of he dream argument for skepticism.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,197

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Sosa on skepticism.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (2):195-202.
Die Struktur des skeptischen Traumarguments.Thomas Grundmann - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):57-81.
Scepticism and the imagination model of dreaming.Jonathan Ichikawa - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):519–527.
Sosa’s dream.Nathan Ballantyne & Ian Evans - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):249-252.
A butterfly dream in a brain in a vat.Xiaoqiang Han - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (1):157-167.
Interpreting the butterfly dream.Xiaoqiang Han - 2009 - Asian Philosophy 19 (1):1 – 9.
Zhuangzi and relativistic scepticism.Ewing Y. Chinn - 1997 - Asian Philosophy 7 (3):207 – 220.
Sosa on scepticism. [REVIEW]Jessica Brown - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (3):397--405.
Meditations on the Dream Argument.Yakir Levin - 1999 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 57 (1):7-15.

Analytics

Added to PP
2016-06-18

Downloads
51 (#313,643)

6 months
6 (#529,161)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Leo Cheung
Chinese University of Hong Kong

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Philosophical Investigations.Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1953 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe.
A virtue epistemology.Ernest Sosa - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Philosophical investigations.Ludwig Wittgenstein & G. E. M. Anscombe - 1953 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 161:124-124.
How to defeat opposition to Moore.Ernest Sosa - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13:137-49.

View all 23 references / Add more references