Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):209-228 (2021)
AbstractIn Plato’s Gorgias 482c4–484c3, Callicles advances a concept of natural justice: the laws of the polis must agree with nature, that is, human nature. Since human nature is characterised by its desire to get a greater share, nature itself makes it legitimate that stronger human beings get a greater share than weaker ones. Socrates objects: Callicles’ theoretical approach to civic life poses a threat to the polis’ community, its citizens, and to the friendship amongst its citizens. However, Socrates accepts Callicles’ premise, that the laws of the polis must agree with nature. Still, he disagrees with Callicles about the nature of human nature and proposes an alternative theory of human nature, eventually leading to his alternative concept of natural justice. The article explains the arguments underpinning these two concepts of natural justice, including the conflicting understandings of human nature.
Similar books and articles
Thick Concepts and Moral Revisionism in Plato’s Gorgias: Arguing About Something There Can Be No Argument About.Philipp Brüllmann - 2019 - Phronesis 65 (2):153-178.
The Unity of Plato's 'Gorgias': Rhetoric, Justice, and the Philosophic Life.Devin Stauffer - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
Liberation and Authority: Plato's Gorgias, the First Book of the Republic, and Thucydides.Nicholas Thorne - 2021 - Lexington Books.
The Twofold Requirements of Truth and Justice in the Gorgias.François Renaud - 2016 - Plato Journal 16:95-108.
The Common Origins of Philosophical and Political Power in Plato's Gorgias.Lydia Winn - 2021 - Plato Journal 21.
Morality and the Inner Life: A Study in Plato’s Gorgias. [REVIEW]E. T. G. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):377-378.
The Common Origins of Philosophical and Political Power in Plato's Gorgias.Lydia Winn - 2021 - Plato Journal 21:7-19.
Mowa Gorgiasza w Platońskim dialogu „Gorgiasz” (456A1-457C3) (Gorgias' speech in Plato's dialogue "Gorgias" (456A1-457C3)).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2014 - Studia Antyczne I Mediewistyczne 2014 12 (2014):3-12.
Between Rhetoric and Sophistry: The Puzzling Case of Plato’s Gorgias.Jacqueline Tusi - 2020 - Apeiron 53 (1):59-80.
The Sophistic Cross-Examination of Callicles in the Gorgias.Jyl Gentzler - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):17-43.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
No citations found.
References found in this work
Plato on Why Mathematics is Good for the Soul.Myles Burnyeat - 2000 - In T. Smiley (ed.), Mathematics and Necessity: Essays in the History of Philosophy. pp. 1-81.