Agricultural biotechnology and the future benefits argument

Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):135-145 (2001)
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Abstract

In the face of criticisms about the current generationof agricultural biotechnology products, some proponents ofagricultural biotechnology offer a ``future benefitsargument''''(FBA), which is a utilitarian ethical argument thatattempts to justify continued R&D. This paper analyzes severallogical implications of the FBA. Among these are that acceptanceof the FBA implies (1) acceptance of a precautionary approach torisk, (2) the need for a more proportional and equitabledistribution of the benefits of agricultural biotechnology, andmost important, (3) the need to reorient and restructurebiotechnology R&D institutions (and the agriculturalbiotechnology community''s values and attitudes) so that futurebenefits are indeed achieved through agricultural biotechnology.

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References found in this work

Utilitarianism.J. S. Mill - 1861 - Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Roger Crisp.
The global impacts of agricultural biotechnology: a post-green revolution perspective.Frederick H. Buttel - 1995 - In T. B. Mepham, G. A. Tucker & J. Wiseman (eds.), Issues in Agricultural Bioethics. Nottingham University Press. pp. 345--360.
Business ethics: Ideology or utopia?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (2‐3):118-129.

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