Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):317-327 (2015)

Christopher Buckels
Junipero Serra High School
The paper argues that Motion and Rest are “greatest kinds” and not just convenient examples, since they are all-pervading. Thus Motion and Rest can be jointly predicated of a single subject and can be predicated of each other, just as Sameness and Otherness can. While Sameness and Otherness are opposites, a single subject may be the same in one respect, namely, the same as itself, and other in another respect, namely, other than other things. Thus they can be predicated of a single subject, and they can be predicated of each other, as well, since Sameness is other than other things and Otherness is the same as itself. The same explanation applies to Motion and Rest, as the paper demonstrates: a given subject may be in motion in one respect while being at rest in another respect. This distinction is made in the Sophist itself, right in the passage concerning the greatest kinds. Thus Motion and Rest should be considered greatest kinds on par with Being, Sameness, and Otherness, and each of these kinds pervades all other kinds.
Keywords Plato  Sophist  Megista Gene  Predication  Motion  Rest
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DOI 10.5840/ancientphil201535224
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Plato on Not-Being.G. E. L. Owen - 1970 - In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology. Oxford University Press.

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