L'Atelier 1 (12):68-89 (2020)

Authors
Mathieu-Pierre Buchler
University College Dublin
Abstract
The question of justice in Western philosophy finds its humble beginnings in the interplay of life and death. I am referring here to Plato’s Apology. The Apology is not only a text tracing the fate of the great philosopher Socrates by recounting his final speech before the judges of Athens, but it is also a text that, on a more subtle level, announces the advent of a promising justice that is birthed from death, or, to be more precise, from a specific kind of death. Socrates, here, develops a justice that does not surge from the defence of one’s determination as a singular accused, or from the reconciliation of the criminal singularity into the ethical social body through pardon or punishment, but which rather derives from a negation, a radical annihilation of the category of pure singularity. Socrates does not defend himself as an accused who is determinately and definitively singular, but rather affirms the fact that, in some sense, there is no such singular to be defended, that he is not even one (οὐδείς), less than one, nothing. It is, precisely, in this affirmation of a negative, in this opening of a chasm, that a radically other conception of justice and its relation to the singular is subtly proposed. By pushing the singular to the margins of its possibility, by challenging, bending, pushing the question of the singular and its defence to its outmost limit, Socrates redeploys justice not as a remedying balance, but as the abysmal economy of the bottomless question, a fall into the void, in which life, death, the singular and justice co-incide to burst all definitive determination, substantial opposition and the possibility of establishing a firm ground for any such categories to hold as such. In gradually shedding off the substantial presuppositions of his singularity (knowledge, self-relation and relation to others), he unleashes a modality of the singular which deploys a kind of justice, a wholly other justice, which has shaken the tradition ever since, and, as this article will seek to show, reverberates again in what Jacques Derrida called deconstruction.
Keywords Deconstruction, Continental Philosophy, Plato, Apology, German Idealism, Justice, Derrida
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Mourir pour.Emmanuel Levinas - 1990 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 35:17-34.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Singular Justice and Software Piracy.Lucas D. Introna - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (3):264-277.
On the Alleged Historical Reliability of Plato’s Apology.Donald Morrison - 2000 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 82 (3):235-265.
Plato's Apology of Socrates, A Metaphilosophical Text.John Sellars - 2014 - Philosophy and Literature 38 (2):433-45.
Duns Scotus on Singular Essences.Peter King - 2005 - Medioevo 30:111-137.
The Apology: The Beginning of Plato's Own Philosophy.Shinro Kato - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (2):356-364.
The Apology: The Beginning of Plato's Own Philosophy.Shinro Kato - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):356-.
The Relation Between Politics and Philosophy in Plato’s Apology of Socrates.Lee Ward - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (4):501-519.
The Problem of Justice in Plato’s Republic.Erjus Mezini - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (3-4):178-191.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-10-07

Total views
85 ( #130,477 of 2,462,778 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
23 ( #35,451 of 2,462,778 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes