Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1735-1754 (2016)

Authors
Jeff Behrends
Harvard University
Joshua DiPaolo
California State University, Fullerton
Abstract
Promotion is the relation between an act and a desire that obtains when the act advances or serves the desire. Under what conditions does an act promote a desire? Probabilistic accounts of promotion, the most prominent accounts, analyze promotion in terms of an increase in the probability of the desire’s satisfaction. In this paper, we clarify the promotion relation and explain why probabilistic accounts are attractive. Then we identify two questions probabilistic accounts must answer: the Baseline Question and the Interpretation Question. We discuss and reject the three answers to the Baseline Question found in the literature, and explain the challenge future attempts at answering this question will face. Proponents of probabilistic accounts have not adequately addressed the Interpretation Question. We survey three answers to this question, finding each unsatisfactory. We conclude that no satisfactory probabilistic account has yet been offered, and that there are significant hurdles to providing one in the future.
Keywords Promotion  Reasons  Instrumental reasons  Desire satisfaction  Probability
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11098-015-0576-0
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,114
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Philosophical Papers.David Kellogg Lewis - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
Moral Realism: A Defence.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
Slaves of the Passions.Mark Schroeder - 2007 - Oxford University Press.

View all 31 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Simple Probabilistic Promotion.Eden Lin - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 96 (2):360-379.
Probabilistic Promotion and Ability.Luke Elson - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Finlay and Schroeder on Promoting a Desire.Jeff Behrends & Joshua DiPaolo - 2011 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 6 (1):1-7.
Conflicts of Desire.Steven Arkonovich - 2012 - Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (1):51-63.
Virtue, Desire, and Silencing Reasons.Neil Sinhababu - 2016 - In Iskra Fileva (ed.), Questions of Character. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 158-168.
Desire-Based Theories of Reasons, Pleasure and Welfare.Chris Heathwood - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:79-106.
Non-Coercive Promotion of Values in Civic Education for Democracy.Allyn Fives - 2013 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (6):577-590.
Probabilistic Grammars and Languages.András Kornai - 2011 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (3):317-328.
The Purpose—Process Gap in Purpose and Process.Ian Buchanan - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (1):31-35.
What Should I Believe About What Would Have Been the Case?Franz Huber - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (1):81-110.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-10-23

Total views
47 ( #239,119 of 2,499,248 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #118,136 of 2,499,248 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes