Separation results for the size of constant-depth propositional proofs

Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 136 (1-2):30-55 (2005)
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Abstract

This paper proves exponential separations between depth d-LK and depth -LK for every utilizing the order induction principle. As a consequence, we obtain an exponential separation between depth d-LK and depth -LK for . We investigate the relationship between the sequence-size, tree-size and height of depth d-LK-derivations for , and describe transformations between them. We define a general method to lift principles requiring exponential tree-size -LK-refutations for to principles requiring exponential sequence-size d-LK-refutations, which will be described for the Ramsey principle and d=0. From this we also deduce width lower bounds for resolution refutations of the Ramsey principle

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References found in this work

Quantified propositional calculi and fragments of bounded arithmetic.Jan Krajíček & Pavel Pudlák - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (1):29-46.
Dynamic ordinal analysis.Arnold Beckmann - 2003 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (4):303-334.

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