Philosophical Studies 177 (4):1137-1155 (2020)

Authors
Andrew Dennis Bassford
University of Texas at Austin
Abstract
Essentialists suppose that for every individual, if that individual exists at any possible world, then necessarily that individual exemplifies some non-trivial qualitative property essential to it, as such. Anti-essentialists deny this. One important argument leveled by some anti-essentialists against essentialism takes the form of a thought experiment, one originally introduced by Roderick Chisholm, sometimes referred to as Chisholm's Paradox (CP). In this essay, I defend essentialism against CP. I begin by presenting the argument and showing how it leads to a contradiction of the essentialist thesis. I then consider one of the most popular solutions to CP to date, that given by Nathan Salmon. Next, I critique Salmon's proposal and show that it is an insufficient response on behalf of the essentialist. And finally, I propose a novel solution to the paradox and discuss why it is that many metaphysician in the past have found CP plausible, despite being fallacious.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11098-019-01238-8
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Wiley-Blackwell.
On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (3):388-390.
On the Plurality of Worlds.William G. Lycan - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):42-47.
Sameness and Substance.David Wiggins - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
Sameness and Substance Renewed.David Wiggins - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.

View all 34 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Two Morals About a Modal Paradox.Alexander Roberts - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9873-9896.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Reanalyzing Chisholm Paradox. Structural Insights.Savu Bianca - 2014 - Romanian Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2):51-63.
Chisholm's Paradox and Conditional Oughts.Catharine Saint Croix & Richmond Thomason - 2014 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8554:192-207.
On Chisholm's Paradox.Peter L. Mott - 1973 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (2):197 - 211.
Dynamic Thoughts on Ifs and Oughts.Malte Willer - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14:1-30.
A Paraconsistentist Approach to Chisholm's Paradox.Marcelo Esteban Coniglio & Newton Marques Peron - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (3):299-326.
The Self-Presenting.Herbert Heidelberger - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 7 (1):59-76.
The Self-Presenting.Herbert Heidelberger - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 7 (1):59-76.
Detaching If-Clauses From Should.Ana Arregui - 2010 - Natural Language Semantics 18 (3):241-293.
In Defense of Essentialism.L. A. Paul - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):333–372.
Two Solutions to Chisholm's Paradox.Graeme Forbes - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 46 (2):171 - 187.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-01-09

Total views
115 ( #100,194 of 2,497,797 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
31 ( #27,958 of 2,497,797 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes