Synthese 200 (2):1-19 (2022)

Pierluigi Barrotta
University of Pisa
Roberto Gronda
Università degli Studi di Pisa
In this article we develop a pragmatist-inspired notion of intelligence that should lead to a better understanding of the notion of scientific expertise. The notion of intelligence is drawn from Dewey and is therefore used here in its technical sense. Our thesis is that scientific knowledge is a necessary but not sufficient condition for scientific expertise; intelligence should also be added. Conceived of as the capacity to apply general knowledge to particulars, we reach the conclusion that intelligence is a necessary requirement for scientific experts in the wake of Dewey’s logic of inquiry. In particular, we argue that an all-important task that scientific experts are asked to accomplish, and which puts their expertise to the test, is to transform indeterminate situations into problematic situations, and that such a goal can only be achieved if scientific experts succeed in paying attention to all the contingent and precarious aspects that make the situation they face unique.
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-022-03513-4
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References found in this work BETA

Logic: The Theory of Inquiry.John Dewey - 1938 - New York, NY, USA: Henry Holt.
Inquiry and Belief.Jane Friedman - 2019 - Noûs 53 (2):296-315.

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