Is Plato’s Timaeus Panentheistic?

Sophia 49 (2):193-215 (2010)
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Hartshorne and Reese thought that in the Timaeus Plato wasn’t quite a panentheist—though he would have been if he’d been consistent. More recently, Cooper has argued that while Plato’s World Soul may have inspired panentheists, Plato’s text does not itself describe a form of panenetheism. In this paper, I will reconsider this question not only by examining closely the Timaeus but by thinking about which features of current characterizations of panentheism are historically accidental and how the core of the doctrine might most fruitfully be understood. I’ll argue that there is a polytheistic view that deserves to be called panentheistic and that Plato’s Timaeus describes such a view.



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Dirk Baltzly
University of Tasmania

Citations of this work

„Alles ist in Gott“ – Überlegungen zur bestimmenden theologischen Denkform des Corpus Hermeticum.Benedikt Krämer - 2021 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 165 (1):37-57.
Tımaıos Diyaloğunun etik-politik okuması?Adnan Akan - 2016 - Ethos: Dialogues in Philosophy and Social Sciences 9 (2).

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References found in this work

Philosophers speak of God.Charles Hartshorne & William L. Reese (eds.) - 2000 - Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books.
Plato's Cosmology.F. M. Cornford - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (48):482-483.
Alcinous: The Handbook of Platonism.John Dillon (ed.) - 1993 - New York: Clarendon Press.

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