Polynomial local search in the polynomial hierarchy and witnessing in fragments of bounded arithmetic

Journal of Mathematical Logic 9 (1):103-138 (2009)
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Abstract

The complexity class of [Formula: see text]-polynomial local search problems is introduced and is used to give new witnessing theorems for fragments of bounded arithmetic. For 1 ≤ i ≤ k + 1, the [Formula: see text]-definable functions of [Formula: see text] are characterized in terms of [Formula: see text]-PLS problems. These [Formula: see text]-PLS problems can be defined in a weak base theory such as [Formula: see text], and proved to be total in [Formula: see text]. Furthermore, the [Formula: see text]-PLS definitions can be skolemized with simple polynomial time functions, and the witnessing theorem itself can be formalized, and skolemized, in a weak base theory. We introduce a new [Formula: see text]-principle that is conjectured to separate [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text].

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References found in this work

Existence and feasibility in arithmetic.Rohit Parikh - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):494-508.
Bounded arithmetic and the polynomial hierarchy.Jan Krajíček, Pavel Pudlák & Gaisi Takeuti - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 52 (1-2):143-153.
Notes on polynomially bounded arithmetic.Domenico Zambella - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (3):942-966.
Quantified propositional calculi and fragments of bounded arithmetic.Jan Krajíček & Pavel Pudlák - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (1):29-46.

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