Social Epistemology (forthcoming)

Authors
Alfred Archer
Tilburg University
Mark Alfano
Macquarie University
Matthew Dennis
Delft University of Technology
Abstract
The testimonies of celebrities affect the lives of their many followers who pay attention to what they say. This gives celebrities a high degree of epistemic power, which has come under close scrutiny during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper investigates the duties that arise from this power. We argue that celebrities have a negative duty of testimonial justice not to undermine trust in authoritative sources by spreading misinformation or directing attention to untrustworthy sources. Moreover, celebrities have a general imperfect duty to try to correct for an unjust distribution of attention by redirecting it to those who deserve it. During a pandemic this may become a perfect one, due to the harm that could be prevented if people follow the advice of experts. Relatedly, we argue that celebrities have an imperfect duty to promote behavior that will reduce the spread of a pandemic. We outline three ways they might do so: they might take on the position of a role model, they may act as a salience magnet or they can direct people’s attention towards others who have taken on these roles.
Keywords celebrity  epistemic power  attention  trust  pandemic  COVID-19  epistemic justice
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Should I Do as I'm Told? Trust, Experts, and COVID-19.Matt Bennett - forthcoming - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal.
The Nature of Epistemic Trust.Benjamin W. McCraw - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (4):413-430.
Trust in Epistemology.Katherine Dormandy (ed.) - 2020 - New York: Taylor & Francis.
Epistemic Trust and Social Location.Nancy Daukas - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):109-124.
Epistemic Trust and Liberal Justification.Michael Fuerstein - 2013 - Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):179-199.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-10-29

Total views
68 ( #161,506 of 2,462,427 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
68 ( #11,549 of 2,462,427 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes