Proceedings of the X Conference of the Spanish Society of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (2021)

Authors
Javier Anta
Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract
In this talk I present the main results from Anta (2021), namely, that the theoretical division between Boltzmannian and Gibbsian statistical mechanics should be understood as a separation in the epistemic capabilities of this physical discipline. In particular, while from the Boltzmannian framework one can generate powerful explanations of thermal processes by appealing to their microdynamics, from the Gibbsian framework one can predict observable values in a computationally effective way. Finally, I argue that this statistical mechanical schism contradicts the Hempelian (1958) thesis that the predictive power of a scientific theory is directly proportional to its explanatory potential, and vice versa
Keywords Statistical mechanics  Thermal physics
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On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Wiley-Blackwell.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Writing the Book of the World.Theodore Sider - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

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