This paper examines the tools used to mediate intersubjectivity as a central element in Jean-Paul Sartre’s phenomenological theory of ensembles. It first presents a brief account of ordinary individuals acting in and through violent groups from the viewpoints of psychology and phenomenology. Next, using Sartre’s ontology of consciousness, the paper establishes the phenomenological structure of consciousness and intersubjectivity to explain, with recent psychological findings, how individual agents in violent groups come to deny their moral responsibility for the group’s ideology and action. Finally, through Sartre’s theory of ensembles, the paper shows how collectives of individuals evolve into groups. In violent groups, instruments of terror are used to mediate intersubjective relationships, and this explains how individual perpetrators and those complicit may sense a lack of control and perceive that they have diminished moral responsibility even though they are responsible for collective violence.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11097-021-09790-7
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,714
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Notes on Contributorsepat_844 231.. 232.Sean Blenkinsop, Mark E. Burbach & Kevin Lynn Flores - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (2):183-195.
Group Responsibility.Christian List - forthcoming - In Dana Nelkin & Derk Pereboom (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Moral Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Reading/Writing Between the Lines.Gail Weiss - 1998 - Continental Philosophy Review 31 (4):387-409.
Collective Responsibility and the Narrative Self.Cassie Striblen - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (1):147-165.
Collective Responsibility for Oppression.Titus Stahl - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (3):473-501.
Sartre and Marxist Existentialism.Martin J. De Nys - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (4):767-769.


Added to PP index

Total views
9 ( #933,544 of 2,462,604 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
9 ( #78,621 of 2,462,604 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes