Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (3):305-335 (1990)

Abstract
An analytical scheme that differentiates among the various types of cognitive and social functions of citations is used as the basis for an analysis of the results of a questionnaire designed to probe the citing behavior of a group of scientists who had cited one of four papers originating from a single biochemical laboratory. Even when papers fall within a relatively well-defined research area and are based on research conducted within a single lab, groups of scientists to which a given paper is of relevance can have quite distinct internal structures. We argue that the scientists'subjective reasons for citing a given work do not correspond with the actual argumentative uses of cited articles in citing texts. Scientists appear to regard the papers they cite as having a rather generalized significance even if in their citations they refer to very specific claims made in the original texts. The consequences of these findings for a theory of citation and for the use of citations in science studies are discussed.
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DOI 10.1177/016224399001500303
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References found in this work BETA

Opening Pandora's Box. A sociological analysis of scientists' discourse.G. Nigel Gilbert & Michael Mulkay - 1985 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 175 (1):70-71.

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Citations of this work BETA

"Structure"/"Action" Contingencies and the Model of Parallel Distributed Processing.Loet Leydesdorff - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (1):47–77.
The Knowledge Content of Science and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Loet Leydesdorff - 1992 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 23 (2):241-263.

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