Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (3):305-335 (1990)

An analytical scheme that differentiates among the various types of cognitive and social functions of citations is used as the basis for an analysis of the results of a questionnaire designed to probe the citing behavior of a group of scientists who had cited one of four papers originating from a single biochemical laboratory. Even when papers fall within a relatively well-defined research area and are based on research conducted within a single lab, groups of scientists to which a given paper is of relevance can have quite distinct internal structures. We argue that the scientists'subjective reasons for citing a given work do not correspond with the actual argumentative uses of cited articles in citing texts. Scientists appear to regard the papers they cite as having a rather generalized significance even if in their citations they refer to very specific claims made in the original texts. The consequences of these findings for a theory of citation and for the use of citations in science studies are discussed.
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DOI 10.1177/016224399001500303
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References found in this work BETA

Opening Pandora's Box. A sociological analysis of scientists' discourse.G. Nigel Gilbert & Michael Mulkay - 1985 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 175 (1):70-71.

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"Structure"/"Action" Contingencies and the Model of Parallel Distributed Processing.Loet Leydesdorff - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (1):47–77.
The Knowledge Content of Science and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Loet Leydesdorff - 1992 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 23 (2):241-263.

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