Cognition and Emotion 33 (6):1224-1238 (2019)

ABSTRACTPeople judge positive information to be more alike than negative information. This good-bad asymmetry in similarity was argued to constitute a true property of the information ecology. Why good is more alike than bad: Processing implications. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21, 69–79). Alternatively, the asymmetry may constitute a processing outcome itself, namely an influence of phasic affect on information processing. Because no research has yet tested whether phasic affect influences perceived similarity among stimuli, we conducted 5 Experiments that also tested whether phasic affect can account for the higher judged similarity among positive compared to negative stimuli. In three experiments, we affectively charged pictures of different Pokemon by pairing them with monetary gains and losses as well as positive and negative trait words ; yet, the evaluative charge did not differentially influence perceived similarity among the Pok...
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DOI 10.1080/02699931.2018.1549022
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Respects for Similarity.Douglas L. Medin, Robert L. Goldstone & Dedre Gentner - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (2):254-278.

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