Distributed Relation Logic

Logic and Logical Philosophy 26 (1):19-61 (2017)

Abstract

We extend the relational algebra of Chin and Tarski so that it is multisorted or, as we prefer, typed. Each type supports a local Boolean algebra outfitted with a converse operator. From Lyndon, we know that relation algebras cannot be represented as proper relation algebras where a proper relation algebra has binary relations as elements and the algebra is singly-typed. Here, the intensional conjunction, which was to represent relational composition in Chin and Tarski, spans three different local algebras, thus the term distributed in the title. Since we do not rely on proper relation algebras, we are free to re-express the algebras as typed. In doing so, we allow many different intensional conjunction operators. We construct a typed logic over these algebras, also known as heterogeneous algebras of Birkhoff and Lipson. The logic can be seen as a form of relevance logic with a classical negation connective where the Routley-Meyer star operator is reified as a converse connective in the logic. Relevance logic itself is not typed but our work shows how it can be made so. Some of the properties of classical relevance logic are weakened from Routley-Meyer’s version which is too strong for a logic over relation algebras.

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References found in this work

The Theory of Representations for Boolean Algebras.M. H. Stone - 1936 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (3):118-119.
Logics for Classes of Boolean Monoids.Gerard Allwein, Hilmi Demir & Lee Pike - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (3):241-266.

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