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Public Knowledge: An Essay Concerning the Social Dimension of Science

London: Cambridge University Press (1968)

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  1. Philosophy of Education in Australasia: A Definition and a History.James S. Kaminsky - 1988 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (1):12-26.
  • Identifying Pseudoscience: A Social Process Criterion.Gregory W. Dawes - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):283-298.
    Many philosophers have come to believe there is no single criterion by which one can distinguish between a science and a pseudoscience. But it need not follow that no distinction can be made: a multifactorial account of what constitutes a pseudoscience remains possible. On this view, knowledge-seeking activities fall on a spectrum, with the clearly scientific at one end and the clearly non-scientific at the other. When proponents claim a clearly non-scientific activity to be scientific, it can be described as (...)
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  • Perfection, Progress and Evolution : A Study in the History of Ideas.Marja E. Berclouw - unknown
    : The study of perfection, progress and evolution is a central theme in the history of ideas. This thesis explores this theme seen and understood as part of a discourse in the new fields of anthropology, sociology and psychology in the nineteenth century. A particular focus is on the stance taken by philosophers, scientists and writers in the discussion of theories of human physical and mental evolution, as well as on their views concerning the nature of social progress and historical (...)
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  • Distributed Cognition Without Distributed Knowing.Ronald N. Giere - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):313-320.
    In earlier works, I have argued that it is useful to think of much scientific activity, particularly in experimental sciences, as involving the operation of distributed cognitive systems, as these are understood in the contemporary cognitive sciences. Introducing a notion of distributed cognition, however, invites consideration of whether, or in what way, related cognitive activities, such as knowing, might also be distributed. In this paper I will argue that one can usefully introduce a notion of distributed cognition without attributing other (...)
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  • Object Lessons: Towards an Epistemology of Technoscience.Alfred Nordmann - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):11-31.
    Discussions of technoscience are bringing to light that scientific journals feature very different knowledge claims. At one end of the spectrum, there is the scientific claim that a hypothesis needs to be reevaluated in light of new evidence. At the other end of the spectrum, there is the technoscientific claim that some new measure of control has been achieved in a laboratory. The latter claim has not received sufficient attention as of yet. In what sense is the achievement of control (...)
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  • Science and Pseudo-Science: The Case of Creationism.R. G. A. Dolby - 1987 - Zygon 22 (2):195-212.
  • Democracy as a Spontaneous Order.Gus diZerega - 1989 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 3 (2):206-240.
  • Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment.Nicholas Maxwell - 2017 - London: UCL Press.
    Karl Popper is famous for having proposed that science advances by a process of conjecture and refutation. He is also famous for defending the open society against what he saw as its arch enemies – Plato and Marx. Popper’s contributions to thought are of profound importance, but they are not the last word on the subject. They need to be improved. My concern in this book is to spell out what is of greatest importance in Popper’s work, what its failings (...)
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  • Dynamics and Measurements of the Scientist and Technical Ethics.Emilio Muñoz - 2008 - Arbor 184 (730).
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  • Scientific Objectivity and the Logics of Science.H. E. Longino - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):85 – 106.
    This paper develops an account of scientific objectivity for a relativist theory of evidence. It briefly reviews the character and shortcomings of empiricist and wholist treatments of theory acceptance and objectivity and argues that the relativist account of evidence developed by the author in an earlier essay offers a more satisfactory framework within which to approach questions of justification and intertheoretic comparison. The difficulty with relativism is that it seems to eliminate objectivity from scientific method. Reconceiving objectivity as a function (...)
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  • How We Think About Human Nature: Cognitive Errors and Concrete Remedies.Alexander J. Werth & Douglas Allchin - 2021 - Foundations of Science 26 (4):825-846.
    Appeals to human nature are ubiquitous, yet historically many have proven ill-founded. Why? How might frequent errors be remedied towards building a more robust and reliable scientific study of human nature? Our aim is neither to advance specific scientific or philosophical claims about human nature, nor to proscribe or eliminate such claims. Rather, we articulate through examples the types of errors that frequently arise in this field, towards improving the rigor of the scientific and social studies. We seek to analyze (...)
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  • Toward a Social Psychology of Science.Serge Moscovici - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (4):343-374.
  • Market Non‐Neutrality: Systemic Bias in Spontaneous Orders.Gus diZerega - 1997 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 11 (1):121-144.
    Abstract The market is sometimes thought to be a largely neutral means for coordinating cooperation among strangers under complex conditions because it is, as Hayek noted, a ?spontaneous order.? But in fact the market actively shapes the kinds of values it rewards, as do other spontaneous orders. Recognizing these biases allows us to see how such orders impinge on one another and on other communities basic to human life, sometimes negatively. In this way we may come to acknowledge the inevitability (...)
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  • Doing Science.Fred Grinnell - 2002 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 15 (1-2):204-210.
    In recent decades, postmodernists and sociologists of science have argued that science is just one of many human activities with social and political aims -- comparable to, say, religion or art. They have questioned the objectivity of science, and whether it has any unique ability to find the truth. Not surprisingly, such claims have evoked a negative response from proponents of the traditional view of science; the debate between the two sides has been called the science wars. In the debate, (...)
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  • International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2014 - Springer.
    This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the (...)
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  • Teachers’ Ideas About the Nature of Science: A Critical Analysis of Research Approaches and Their Contribution to Pedagogical Practice.Maria Teresa Guerra-Ramos - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (5):631-655.
  • Cogency in Motion: Critical Contextualism and Relevance. [REVIEW]William Rehg - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (1):39-59.
    If arguments are to generate public knowledge, as in the sciences, then they must travel, finding acceptance across a range of local contexts. But not all good arguments travel, whereas some bad arguments do. Under what conditions may we regard the capacity of an argument to travel as a sign of its cogency or public merits? This question is especially interesting for a contextualist approach that wants to remain critically robust: if standards of cogency are bound to local contexts of (...)
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  • More Heat Than Light: Rumford's Experiments on the Materiality of Light.Morton L. Schagrin - 1994 - Synthese 99 (1):111 - 121.
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  • Invisible Origins of Nanotechnology: Herbert Gleiter, Materials Science, and Questions of Prestige.Alfred Nordmann - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 123-143.
    Herbert Gleiter promoted the development of nanostructured materials on a variety of levels. In 1981 already, he formulated research visions and produced experimental as well as theoretical results. Still he is known only to a small community of materials scientists. That this is so is itself a telling feature of the imagined community of nanoscale research. After establishing the plausibility of the claim that Herbert Gleiter provided a major impetus, a second step will show just how deeply Gleiter shaped (and (...)
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  • Reviews. [REVIEW]Ian G. Barbour - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):89-92.
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  • Philosophy as a Protoscience.Cláudio F. Costa - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (34):591-608.
    Costa-Claudio_Philosophy-as-a-protoscience.
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  • The Public Understanding of Science—A Rhetorical Invention.Simon Locke - 2002 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 27 (1):87-111.
    This article contributes to the development of a rhetorical approach to the public understanding of science or science literacy. It is argued that rhetoric promises an alternative approach to deficit models that treat people as faulty scientists. Some tensions in the relevant rhetorical literature need resolution. These center on the application to science of an Aristotelian conception of rhetorical reasoning as enthymematic, without breaking from the Platonic/aristotelian division between technical and public spheres. The former opens science to the potential of (...)
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  • Visual Cognition: Where Cognition and Culture Meet.David C. Gooding - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):688-698.
    Case studies of diverse scientific fields show how scientists use a range of resources to generate new interpretative models and to establish their plausibility as explanations of a domain. They accomplish this by manipulating imagistic representations in particular ways. I show that scientists in different domains use the same basic transformations. Common features of these transformations indicate that general cognitive strategies of interpretation, simplification, elaboration, and argumentation are at work. Social and historical studies of science emphasize the diversity of local (...)
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  • Publication Visibility of Sensitive Public Health Data: When Scientists Bury Their Results.David A. Rier - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):597-613.
    What happens when the scientific tradition of openness clashes with potential societal risks? The work of American toxic-exposure epidemiologists can attract media coverage and lead the public to change health practices, initiate lawsuits, or take other steps a study’s authors might consider unwarranted. This paper, reporting data from 61 semi-structured interviews with U.S. toxic-exposure epidemiologists, examines whether such possibilities shaped epidemiologists’ selection of journals for potentially sensitive papers. Respondents manifested strong support for the norm of scientific openness, but a significant (...)
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  • The Diversity of Modes of Discourse and the Development of Sociological Knowledge.Nico Stehr & Anthony Simmons - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (1):141-161.
    This paper presents an analysis of the structure of contemporary sociological knowledge in terms of a theory of scientific discourse. The concept of 'discourse' is introduced as a theoretical refinement of the concept of 'paradigm' and is applied to the classes of knowledge claims of the natural and social sciences. It is concluded that general modes of scientific discourse are definable in terms of their vertical differentiation from everyday discourse, while particular modes of sociological discourse are additionally definable in terms (...)
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  • Sociology of the Sciences.Aharon Kantorovich - 1982 - Philosophia 12 (1-2):203-221.
  • We Have Not yet Identified the Heart of the Moral Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology.A. David Kline - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (2):216-222.
  • Science, Tradition, and the Science of Tradition.Joseph Mali - 1989 - Science in Context 3 (1):143-173.
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  • Economics of Science: Survey and Suggestions.Esther-Mirjam Sent - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (1):95-124.
    The literature of an economics of science exists in a dismal no-(wo)man's-land located somewhere between economics, history, philosophy, policy, sociology and science. Perhaps it would have continued in this tenuous quasi-existence indefinitely, were it not for a series of trends that now seem to be encouraging the institution of a subfield within the profession of economics devoted to the topic. However, many of the economists who have begun to proclaim the existence of the new subfield have generally done so by (...)
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  • Literate Acts and the Emergent Social Structure of Science: A Critical Synthesis.Charles Bazerman - 1987 - Social Epistemology 1 (4):295 – 310.
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  • Green Politics and Post‐Modern Liberalism.Gus diZerega - 1987 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 1 (2):17-41.
    GREEN POLITICS: THE GLOBAL PROMISE, 2nd ed. by Charlene Spretnak and Fritjof Capra New York: E. P. Dutton, 1986; 224 pp., $12.95 SEEING GREEN: THE POLITICS OF ECOLOGY EXPLAINED by Jonathan Porritt Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985; 249 pp., $24.95, $6.95 paper THE SPIRITUAL DIMENSION OF GREEN POLITICS by Charlene Spretnak Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear 95 pp., $4.95 paper.
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  • What Are the Options? Social Determinants of Personal Research Plants.John Ziman - 1981 - Minerva 19 (1):1-42.
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  • Introduction: Defining Discourse Synthesis.Raymond G. McInnis - 1996 - Social Epistemology 10 (1):1 – 25.
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