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  1. In Search of Good Care: The Methodology of Phenomenological, Theory-Oriented ‘N=N Case Studies’ in Empirically Grounded Ethics of Care.Guus Timmerman, Andries Baart & Frans Vosman - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):573-582.
    This paper proposes a new perspective on the methodology of qualitative inquiry in ethics, especially the interaction between empirical work and theory development, and introduces standards to evaluate the quality of this inquiry and its findings. The kind of qualitative inquiry the authors are proposing brings to light what participants in practices of care and welfare do and refrain from doing, and what they undergo, in order to offer ‘stepping stones’, political-ethical insights that originate in the practice studied and enable (...)
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  • Practical Wisdom in Complex Medical Practices: A Critical Proposal.C. M. M. L. Bontemps-Hommen, A. Baart & F. T. H. Vosman - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):95-105.
    In recent times, daily, ordinary medical practices have incontrovertibly been developing under the condition of complexity. Complexity jeopardizes the moral core of practicing medicine: helping people, with their illnesses and suffering, in a medically competent way. Practical wisdom has been proposed as part of the solution to navigate complexity, aiming at the provision of morally good care. Practical wisdom should help practitioners to maneuver in complexity, where the presupposed linear ways of operating prove to be insufficient. However, this solution is (...)
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  • What is Political About Political Ethnography? On the Context of Discovery and the Normalization of an Emergent Subfield.Gianpaolo Baiocchi & Claudio Benzecry - 2017 - Theory and Society 46 (3):229-247.
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  • Transnational Representation in Global Labour Governance and the Politics of Input Legitimacy.Juliane Reinecke & Jimmy Donaghey - 2022 - Business Ethics Quarterly 32 (3):438-474.
    Private governance raises important questions about democratic representation. Rule making is rarely based on electoral authorisation by those in whose name rules are made—typically a requirement for democratic legitimacy. This requires revisiting the role of representation in input legitimacy in transnational governance, which remains underdeveloped. Focussing on private labour governance, we contrast two approaches to the transnational representation of worker interests in global supply chains: non-governmental organisations providing representative claims versus trade unions providing representative structures. Studying the Bangladesh Accord for (...)
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  • Why Personal Dreams Matter: How Professionals Affectively Engage with the Promises Surrounding Data-Driven Healthcare in Europe.Antoinette de Bont, Anne Marie Weggelaar-Jansen, Johanna Kostenzer, Rik Wehrens & Marthe Stevens - 2022 - Big Data and Society 9 (1).
    Recent buzzes around big data, data science and artificial intelligence portray a data-driven future for healthcare. As a response, Europe's key players have stimulated the use of big data technologies to make healthcare more efficient and effective. Critical Data Studies and Science and Technology Studies have developed many concepts to reflect on such overly positive narratives and conduct critical policy evaluations. In this study, we argue that there is also much to be learned from studying how professionals in the healthcare (...)
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  • Ethical Sensemaking in Impact Investing: Reasons and Motives in the Chinese Renewable Energy Sector.Tongyu Meng, Jamie Newth & Christine Woods - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-27.
    This article explores impact investing within the renewable energy sector. Drawing on ethical decision making and sensemaking, this article contributes to an enhanced understanding of the complex ethical sensemaking process of impact investors when facing plausible situations in a world of contested truths. Addressing the ethical tensions faced by impact investors with mixed motives, this study investigates the way decision makers use context-specific reasons to make sense of and shape the renewable energy investment process. This represents an initial attempt to (...)
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  • The AART of Ethnography: A Critical Realist Explanatory Research Model.Claire Laurier Decoteau - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (1):58-82.
    Critical realism is a philosophy of science, which has made significant contributions to epistemic debates within sociology. And yet, its contributions to ethnographic explanation have yet to be fully elaborated. Drawing on ethnographic data on the health-seeking behavior of HIV-infected South Africans, the paper compares and contrasts critical realism with grounded theory, extended case method and the pragmatist method of abduction. In so doing, it argues that critical realism makes a significant contribution to causal explanation in ethnographic research in three (...)
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  • Puzzling in Sociology: On Doing and Undoing Theoretical Puzzles.Ashley Mears - 2017 - Sociological Theory 35 (2):138-146.
    One typical way to motivate a sociological argument is to present the research question as a puzzle. Unlike in physical sciences, sociologists work backward to construct theoretical puzzles from their data. Sociologists risk puzzling for puzzles’ sake, and in so doing, they reify categories and concepts that are not necessary or useful to their empirical material at hand. This essay examines mostly qualitative sociologists’ conventions for puzzling and suggests alternatives rooted in thick description of empirics. -/- .
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  • Why Worry About Evolution? Boundaries, Practices, and Moral Salience in Sunni and Evangelical High Schools.Jeffrey Guhin - 2016 - Sociological Theory 34 (2):151-174.
    Previous work on conservative Protestant creationism fails to account for other creationists who are much less morally invested in opposition to evolution, raising the sociological question: What causes issues’ moral salience? Through ethnographic fieldwork in four creationist high schools in the New York City area (two Sunni Muslim and two conservative Protestant), I argue that evolution is more important to the Christian schools because it is dissonant with their key practices and boundaries. The theory of evolution is salient for American (...)
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  • Sound on Sound.Joseph Klett - 2014 - Sociological Theory 32 (2):147-161.
    Sociologists have yet to theorize interactions with sonic materiality. In this article I introduce an analytical concept for the observation of interactions with sound. Sound has material effects in all situations. But the audibility of sonic objects is a relation of situated actors to material arrangements. Sonic object settings are dynamic material arrangements in which sonic qualities emerge for interpretation. The concept synthesizes research on sonic materiality, audibility, and interaction. After outlining the concept, I present an empirical illustration from an (...)
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  • “Why Don’T They Just Use Cloth?” Gender Policy Vacuums and the Inequalities of Diapering.Jennifer Randles - 2022 - Gender and Society 36 (2):214-238.
    Drawing on feminist theories of parenting and the welfare state, I analyze experiences of diaper need as a case of how gender, class, and race inequalities shape the social organization of caregiving and limited policy responses. Data from in-depth interviews with 70 mothers who experienced diaper need and 40 diaper bank staff revealed obstacles low-income mothers face in managing lack of access to children’s basic needs and how gendered assumptions of parental responsibility thwart public diaper support efforts. I use this (...)
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  • The Datafication of #MeToo: Whiteness, Racial Capitalism, and Anti-Violence Technologies.Jenna Harb, Renee Shelby & Kathryn Henne - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    This article illustrates how racial capitalism can enhance understandings of data, capital, and inequality through an in-depth study of digital platforms used for intervening in gender-based violence. Specifically, we examine an emergent sociotechnical strategy that uses software platforms and artificial intelligence chatbots to offer users emergency assistance, education, and a means to report and build evidence against perpetrators. Our analysis details how two reporting apps construct data to support institutionally legible narratives of violence, highlighting overlooked racialised dimensions of the data (...)
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  • Phenotyping as Disciplinary Practice: Data Infrastructure and the Interprofessional Conflict Over Drug Use in California.Geoffrey C. Bowker & Mustafa I. Hussain - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    The narrative of the digital phenotype as a transformative vector in healthcare is nearly identical to the concept of “data drivenness” in other fields such as law enforcement. We examine the role of a prescription drug monitoring program in California—a computerized law enforcement surveillance program enabled by a landmark Supreme Court case that upheld “broad police powers”—in the interprofessional conflict between physicians and law enforcement over the jurisdiction of drug use. We bring together interview passages, clinical artifacts, and academic and (...)
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  • Esposito’s Affirmative Biopolitics in Multispecies Homes.Heather Lynch - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 22 (3):364-381.
    Drawing on Roberto Esposito’s conceptualization of ‘affirmative biopolitics’, this article examines the relationship between bedbugs and humans in the Glasgow neighbourhood of Govanhill. Through an analysis of ethnographic field notes and interviews with people who live in the area, this article traces their experiences from first encounters. The trajectory of this experience shows a shift from a desire to immunize their homes through total annihilation of the creatures to the more pragmatic position of learning how to live with them through (...)
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  • A Market of Distrust: Toward a Cultural Sociology of Unofficial Exchanges Between Patients and Doctors in China.Cheris Shun-Ching Chan & Zelin Yao - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (6):737-772.
    This article examines how distrust drives exchange. We propose a theoretical framework integrating the literature of trust into cultural sociology and use a case of patients giving hongbao to doctors in China to examine how distrust drives different forms of unofficial exchange. Based on more than two years’ ethnography, we found that hongbao exchanges between Chinese patients and doctors were, ironically, bred by the public’s generalized distrust in doctors’ moral ethics. In the absence of institutional assurance, Chinese patients drew on (...)
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  • Culturally Meaningful Networks: On the Transition From Military to Civilian Life in the United Kingdom.Achim Edelmann - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (3):327-380.
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  • Towards a Sociology of Imagination.Todd Nicholas Fuist - 2021 - Theory and Society 50 (2):357-380.
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  • Brightening the Dark Side of “Linking Social Capital”? Negotiating Conflicting Visions of Post-Morakot Reconstruction in Taiwan.Ming-Cheng Lo & Yun Fan - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (1):23-48.
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  • Good on Paper: Sociological Critique, Pragmatism, and Secularization Theory.Shai M. Dromi & Samuel D. Stabler - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (2):325-350.
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  • Comparing Abduction and Retroduction in Peircean Pragmatism and Critical Realism.Bridget Ritz - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (5):456-465.
    ABSTRACT Abduction as a method for sociological explanation is increasingly gaining interest, but questions remain as to what exactly it is and how it differs from other methods of inquiry. This paper compares abduction as conceived in Peircean pragmatism with the critical realist concept of retroduction. I argue that abduction in the Peircean sense and retroduction in the critical realist sense refer to different, but complementary, modes of inference. Abductive conclusions provide the starting point for retroductive inferences; the latter inform (...)
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  • The Lavender Scare in Homonormative Times: Policing, Hyper-Incarceration, and LGBTQ Youth Homelessness.Brandon Andrew Robinson - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (2):210-232.
    Scholars have identified policing and hyper-incarceration as key mechanisms to reproduce racial inequality and poverty. Existing research, however, often overlooks how policing practices impact gender and sexuality, especially expansive expressions of gender and non-heterosexuality. This lack of attention is critical because lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people disproportionately experience incarceration, including LGBTQ youth who are disproportionately incarcerated in juvenile detention. In this article, I draw on 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 40 in-depth interviews with LGBTQ youth experiencing homelessness (...)
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  • Resisting Despair: Narratives of Disruption and Transformation Among White Working-Class Women in a Declining Coal-Mining Community.Jennifer M. Silva & Kait Smeraldo Schell - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (5):736-759.
    In this article, we examine how white working-class women reimagine gender in the face of social and economic changes that have undermined their ability to perform normative femininity. As blue-collar jobs have disappeared, scholars have posited that white working-class men and women have become increasingly isolated, disconnected from institutions, and hopeless about the future, leading to a culture of despair. Although past literature has examined how working-class white men cope with the inability to perform masculinity through wage-earning and family authority, (...)
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  • Globalizing the Scientific Bandwagon: Trajectories of Precision Medicine in China and Brazil.Renan Gonçalves Leonel da Silva & Larry Au - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (1):192-225.
    Precision medicine is emerging as a scientific bandwagon within the contemporary biomedical sciences in the United States. PM brings together concepts and tools from genomics and bioinformatics to develop better diagnostics and therapies based on individualized information. Developing countries like China and Brazil have also begun pursuing PM projects, motivated by a desire to claim genomic sovereignty over its population. In spite of commonalities, institutional arrangements produced by the history of genomics research in China and Brazil are ushering PM along (...)
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  • “Now Is a Time for Optimism”: The Politics of Personalized Medicine in Mental Health Research.Jonas Rüppel - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (4):581-611.
    Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, personalized medicine has become one of the most influential visions guiding medical research. This paper focuses on the politics of personalized medicine in psychiatry as a medical specialty, which has rarely been investigated by social science scholars. I examine how this vision is being sustained and even increasingly institutionalized within the mental health arena, even though related research has repeatedly failed. Based on a document analysis and expert interviews, this article identifies discursive (...)
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  • Expertise and Non-Binary Bodies: Sex, Gender and the Case of Dutee Chand.Madeleine Pape - 2019 - Body and Society 25 (4):3-28.
    How do institutions respond to expert contests over epistemologies of sex and gender? In this article, I consider how epistemological ascendancy in debates over the regulation of women athletes with high testosterone is established within a legal setting. Approaching regulation as an institutional act that defines forms of embodied difference, the legitimacy of which may be called into question, I show how sexed bodies are enacted through and as part of determinations of expertise. I focus on proceedings from 2015 when (...)
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  • The Nordic Data Imaginary.Heta Tarkkala, Karoliina Snell & Aaro Tupasela - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    The Nordic countries aim to have a unique place within the European and global health data economy. They have extensive nationally maintained and centralized health data records, as well as numerous biobanks where data from individuals can be connected based on personal identification numbers. Much of this phenomenon can be attributed to the emergence and development of the Nordic welfare state, where Nordic countries sought to systematically collect large amounts of population data to guide decision making and improve the health (...)
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  • The Pinboard and the Paradox of Pain: An Experiment of Post-Epistemological Method in Representing the Lived Experience of Persistent Pain.Leigh Rooney - 2019 - Dissertation, Durham University
    This thesis is about the crisis in representation that accompanies the attempt to account for lived experience, with particular reference to bodily pain in social science. The diagnosis of this problem of experience identifies epistemology as an inappropriate means of knowing that initiates a translational paradox unable to satisfy the simultaneous demands of making lived experience familiar in representational form yet retaining the foreignness of the original experience at the same time. This problem of simultaneity is not a problem, however, (...)
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  • Why Do Spanish Fathers Still Make Little Use of the Family-Friendly Measures?José Andrés Fernández-Cornejo, Eva Del Pozo-García, Lorenzo Escot & Sabina Belope-Nguema - 2020 - Social Science Information 59 (2):355-379.
    This article examines why Spanish fathers still make little use of the family-friendly measures they are entitled to. Amartya Sen’s capabilities approach is applied to the analysis of this agency gap in work-family balance. Males wishing to balance work and family face a series of barriers that inhibit their use of FFM, creating a gap between the theoretical right to use these measures and the real ability to do so. We illustrate this broader issue with qualitative information collected from a (...)
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  • Adopting a Cloak of Incompetence: Impression Management Techniques for Feigning Lesser Selves.Arthur McLuhan - 2020 - Sociological Theory 38 (2):122-141.
    The “cloak of competence” concept captures attempts to disguise limitations and exaggerate abilities. The author examines the conceptual converse: the “cloak of incompetence,” or the various ways people deliberately disregard, disguise, downplay, or diminish their personal abilities. Drawing on a comparative analysis of manifold empirical cases, the author identifies three generic competence-concealing techniques—avoidance, performance, and neutralization—and considers some of the interactional contingencies that can enhance or reduce their effectiveness. Avoidance and performance techniques are used to manage creditable competence. Neutralization techniques (...)
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  • The Uses of Ambiguity in Sociological Theorizing: Three Ethnographic Approaches.Andrew Deener - 2017 - Sociological Theory 35 (4):359-379.
    Claims of causality and generalizability are the primary means through which sociologists triumph over ambiguity. Yet ambiguity also has significant uses in the process of theorizing. This article identifies and examines three ethnographic approaches: (1) Ambiguity in shared situations highlights how subjects create and resolve disruptions in face-to-face interactions, (2) ambiguity as a transitional social form addresses certain stages and spaces as persistently ambiguous types of situations and phenomena, and (3) ambiguity as separating means from ends identifies mechanisms that conceal (...)
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  • From Indicators to Indicating Interdisciplinarity : A Participatory Mapping Methodology for Research Communities in-the-Making.Noortje Marres & Sarah de Rijcke - forthcoming - Quantitative Science Studies.
    This article discusses a project under development called “Inventing Indicators of Interdisciplinarity,” as an example of work in methodology development that combines quantitative methods with interpretative approaches in social and cultural research. Key to our project is the idea that Science and Technology Indicators do not only have representative value, enabling empirical insight into fields of research and innovation, but simultaneously have organizing capacity, as their deployment enables the curation of communities of interpretation. We begin with a discussion of concepts (...)
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  • Theorizing Emotional Capital.Marci Cottingham - 2016 - Theory and Society 45 (5):451-470.
    Theorizing a sociology of emotion that links micro-level resources to macro-level forces, this article extends previous work on emotional capital in relation to emotional experiences and management. Emerging from Bourdieu’s theory of social practice, emotional capital is a form of cultural capital that includes the emotion-specific, trans-situational resources that individuals activate and embody in distinct fields. Contrary to prior conceptualizations, I argue that emotional capital is neither wholly gender-neutral nor exclusively feminine. Men may lay claim to emotional capital as a (...)
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  • The Internet of Futures Past: Values Trajectories of Networking Protocol Projects.Britt Paris - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (5):1021-1047.
    The Internet was conceptualized as a technology that would be capable of bringing about a better future, but recent literature in science and technology studies and adjacent fields provides numerous examples of how this pervasive sociotechnical system has been shaped and used to dystopic ends. This article examines different future imaginaries present in Future Internet Architecture projects funded by the National Science Foundation from 2006 to 2016, whose goal was to incorporate social values while building new protocols to replace Transmission (...)
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  • Making Sense of Algorithms: Relational Perception of Contact Tracing and Risk Assessment During COVID-19.Ross Graham & Chuncheng Liu - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    Governments and citizens of nearly every nation have been compelled to respond to COVID-19. Many measures have been adopted, including contact tracing and risk assessment algorithms, whereby citizen whereabouts are monitored to trace contact with other infectious individuals in order to generate a risk status via algorithmic evaluation. Based on 38 in-depth interviews, we investigate how people make sense of Health Code, the Chinese contact tracing and risk assessment algorithmic sociotechnical assemblage. We probe how people accept or resist Health Code (...)
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  • The Ethnographer and the Algorithm: Beyond the Black Box.Angèle Christin - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (5-6):897-918.
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  • Patterns of Engagement: Identities and Social Movement Organizations in Finland and Malawi.Eeva Luhtakallio & Iddo Tavory - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (2):151-174.
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  • How Do Companies Respond to Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Ratings? Evidence From Italy.Ester Clementino & Richard Perkins - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (2):379-397.
    While a growing number of firms are being evaluated on environment, social and governance criteria by sustainability rating agencies, comparatively little is known about companies’ responses. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with companies operating in Italy, the present paper seeks to narrow this gap in current understanding by examining how firms react to ESG ratings, and the factors influencing their response. Unique to the literature, we show that firms may react very differently to being rated, with our analysis yielding a fourfold (...)
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  • Ethical Aspects of BCI Technology: What Is the State of the Art?Allen Coin, Megan Mulder & Veljko Dubljević - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (31):31-0.
    Brain–Computer Interface technology is a promising research area in many domains. Brain activity can be interpreted through both invasive and non-invasive monitoring devices, allowing for novel, therapeutic solutions for individuals with disabilities and for other non-medical applications. However, a number of ethical issues have been identified from the use of BCI technology. In this paper, we review the academic discussion of the ethical implications of BCI technology in the last five years. We conclude that some emerging applications of BCI technology—including (...)
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  • A carrot isn’t a carrot isn’t a carrot: tracing value in alternative practices of food exchange.Galina Kallio - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (4):1095-1109.
    Questions of value are central to understanding alternative practices of food exchange. This study introduces a practice-based approach to value that challenges the dominant views, which capture value as either an input for or an outcome of practices of exchange. Building on a longitudinal ethnographic study on food collectives, I show how value, rather than residing in something that people share, or in something that objects have, is an ideal target that continuously unfolds and evolves in action. I found that (...)
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  • Patient and Family Descriptions of Ethical Concerns.Hae Lin Cho, Christine Grady, Anita Tarzian, Gail Povar, Jed Mangal & Marion Danis - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):52-64.
    Ethically challenging situations routinely arise in the course of illness and healthcare. However, very few studies have surveyed patients and family members about their experiences with ethically challenging situations. To address this gap in the literature, we surveyed patients and family members at three hospitals. We conducted a content analysis of their responses to open-ended questions about their most memorable experience with an ethical concern for them or their family member. Participants described 219 unique ethical experiences that spanned many of (...)
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  • “I Am Primarily Paid for Publishing…”: The Narrative Framing of Societal Responsibilities in Academic Life Science Research.Lisa Sigl, Ulrike Felt & Maximilian Fochler - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1569-1593.
    Building on group discussions and interviews with life science researchers in Austria, this paper analyses the narratives that researchers use in describing what they feel responsible for, with a particular focus on how they perceive the societal responsibilities of their research. Our analysis shows that the core narratives used by the life scientists participating in this study continue to be informed by the linear model of innovation. This makes it challenging for more complex innovation models [such as responsible research and (...)
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  • Sensor-Floors: Changing Work and Values in Care for Frail Older Persons.Agnete Meldgaard Hansen & Sidsel Lond Grosen - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (2):254-274.
    Based on an ethnographic study in a Danish residential care center, this article shows how the interplay of a sensor-floor technology and currently influential values of person-centeredness, privacy, and security in care transforms care work and care interactions between residents and care workers. Based on an understanding of care as realized in a heterogeneous collective of human and nonhuman actors, this article illustrates how new modes of monitoring and interpreting residents’ care needs at a distance arise, and how a new (...)
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  • Using Walking Interviews to Enhance Research Relations with People with Dementia: Methodological Insights From an Empirical Study Conducted in England.Tula Brannelly & Ruth Bartlett - 2020 - Ethics and Social Welfare 14 (4):432-442.
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  • When You Watch Your Team Fall Apart – Coaches’ and Sport Psychologists’ Perceptions on Causes of Collective Sport Team Collapse.V. Vanessa Wergin, Clifford J. Mallett, Christopher Mesagno, Zsuzsanna Zimanyi & Jürgen Beckmann - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Big Hitters: Important Factors Characterizing Team Effectiveness in Professional Cricket.Leonie V. Webster, James Hardy & Lew Hardy - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Understanding the Paths to Appearance- and Performance-Enhancing Drug Use in Bodybuilding.Ronan Coquet, Peggy Roussel & Fabien Ohl - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Democratic Policing and Officer Well-Being.Kimberly C. Burke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Remembering to Forget: The Historic Irresponsibility of U.S. Big Tobacco.Diego M. Coraiola & Robbin Derry - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 166 (2):233-252.
    Society increasingly demands corporations to be accountable for their past misbehaviours. Some corporations engage in forgetting work with the aim of avoiding responsibility for their wrongdoings. We argue that whenever social actors have their past actions called into question and engage in forgetting work, an ethics of remembering takes place. A collective project of social forgetting is contingent on the emergence of coordinated actions among players of an industry. Similarly, sustained efforts of forgetting work depend on the continuity of the (...)
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  • Serial Participation and the Ethics of Phase 1 Healthy Volunteer Research.Rebecca L. Walker, Marci D. Cottingham & Jill A. Fisher - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):83-114.
    Phase 1 healthy volunteer clinical trials—which financially compensate subjects in tests of drug toxicity levels and side effects—appear to place pressure on each joint of the moral framework justifying research. In this article, we review concerns about phase 1 trials as they have been framed in the bioethics literature, including undue inducement and coercion, unjust exploitation, and worries about compromised data validity. We then revisit these concerns in light of the lived experiences of serial participants who are income-dependent on phase (...)
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  • Building Middle-Range Theories From Case Studies.Tuukka Kaidesoja - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78:23-31.
    How are middle-range theories about causal mechanisms built from case studies in the social sciences? My aim is to answer this question by analyzing and improving Derek Beach and Rasmus Brun Pedersen’s account of the method of theory-building process-tracing. After having introduced the basic issues and concepts, I move on to analyze their descriptions of theory-building process-tracing. I identify some ambiguities and problems in their notions of middle-range theory and causal mechanism. In the constructive part of the paper, I provide (...)
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