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  1. The Role of Similarity in Categorization: Providing a Groundwork.Robert L. Goldstone - 1994 - Cognition 52 (2):125-157.
  • Exploring the Relationship Between Tibetan Meditation Attainment and Precognition.Serena Roney-Dougal & Jerry Solfvin - 2011 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 25 (1).
    —This study of advanced practitioners of meditation extends our earlier work testing the hypothesis that meditation enhances psychic awareness or “psi”. Ten Tibetan Buddhist monks participated individually in eight sessions, each comprising a meditation period and a computerized test of precognition in which they were asked to rate each of four pictures on a 100-point scale in terms of how likely it was to be randomly selected as the “target” to be displayed at the end of the session. The normalized (...)
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  • AS SOMBRAS CEGAS DE NARCISO (um estudo psicossocial sobre o imaginário coletivo).Roberto Thomas Arruda (ed.) - 2020 - Terra à Vista.
    No presente trabalho, vamos abordar algumas das questões essenciais sobre o imaginário coletivo e suas relações com a realidade e a verdade. Devemos encarar esse assunto em uma estrutura conceptual, seguida pela análise factual correspondente às realidades comportamentais demonstráveis. Adotaremos não apenas a metodologia, mas principalmente os princípios e proposições da filosofia analítica, que com certeza serão evidentes ao longo do estudo e podem ser identificados pelos recursos descritos por Perez[1] : Rabossi (1975) defende a ideia de que a filosofia (...)
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  • The Blind Shadows of Narcissus - a Psychosocial Study on Collective Imaginary.Roberto Thomas Arruda (ed.) - 2020 - Terra à vista.
    In this work, we will approach some of the essential questions about the collective imaginary and their relations with reality and truth. We should face this subject in a conceptual framework, followed by the corresponding factual analysis of demonstrable behavioral realities. We will adopt not only the methodology, but mostly the tenets and propositions of the analytic philosophy, which for sure will be apparent throughout the study, and may be identified by the features described by Perez : Rabossi (1975) defends (...)
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  • Linguistic Redundancy and its Effects on Younger and Older Adults’ Real‐Time Comprehension and Memory.Raheleh Saryazdi, Joanne Nuque & Craig G. Chambers - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (4).
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  • Freedom in Uncertainty.Filippos Stamatiou - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Copenhagen
    This work develops a philosophically credible and psychologically realisable account of control that is necessary for moral responsibility. We live, think, and act in an environment of subjective uncertainty and limited information. As a result, our decisions and actions are influenced by factors beyond our control. Our ability to act freely is restricted by uncertainty, ignorance, and luck. Through three articles, I develop a naturalistic theory of control for action as a process of error minimisation that extends over time. Thus (...)
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  • Motivational-General Arousal Imagery Does Not Improve Decision-Making Performance in Elite Endurance Cyclists.David J. Spindler, Mark S. Allen, Stewart A. Vella & Christian Swann - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1084-1093.
    ABSTRACTEmotions are predicted to influence judgement and decision-making across a range of performance contexts. This experiment tested whether motivational-general arousal imagery can improve the decision-making performance of elite endurance cyclists. In total, 54 cyclists were assigned to either a positive imagery condition or a negative imagery condition. The cyclists were read one of two scripts designed to elicit positive or negative images during a 20-min maximal sustainable interval on a cycle ergometer. A decision-making task was performed before and immediately after (...)
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  • The Multifaceted Nature of Bilingualism and Attention.Ashley Chung-Fat-Yim, Noelia Calvo & John G. Grundy - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Attention has recently been proposed as the mechanism underlying the cognitive effects associated with bilingualism. However, similar to bilingualism, the term attention is complex, dynamic, and can vary from one activity to another. Throughout our daily lives, we use different types of attention that differ in complexity: sustained attention, selective attention, alternating attention, divided attention, and disengagement of attention. The present paper is a focused review summarizing the results from studies that explore the link between bilingualism and attention. For each (...)
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  • Gesture–Speech Integration in Typical and Atypical Adolescent Readers.Ru Yao, Connie Qun Guan, Elaine R. Smolen, Brian MacWhinney, Wanjin Meng & Laura M. Morett - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study investigated gesture–speech integration among adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing and those with typical hearing. Thirty-eight adolescents performed a Stroop-like task in which they watched 120 short video clips of gestures and actions twice at random. Participants were asked to press one button if the visual content of the speaker’s movements was related to a written word and to press another button if it was unrelated to a written word while accuracy rates and response times were (...)
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  • Quasiregularity and Its Discontents: The Legacy of the Past Tense Debate.Mark S. Seidenberg & David C. Plaut - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1190-1228.
    Rumelhart and McClelland's chapter about learning the past tense created a degree of controversy extraordinary even in the adversarial culture of modern science. It also stimulated a vast amount of research that advanced the understanding of the past tense, inflectional morphology in English and other languages, the nature of linguistic representations, relations between language and other phenomena such as reading and object recognition, the properties of artificial neural networks, and other topics. We examine the impact of the Rumelhart and McClelland (...)
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  • Neural Correlates of Executive Functioning in Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder.Kai S. Thomas, Rosalind E. Birch, Catherine R. G. Jones & Ross E. Vanderwert - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Anorexia nervosa and obsessive–compulsive disorder are commonly reported to co-occur and present with overlapping symptomatology. Executive functioning difficulties have been implicated in both mental health conditions. However, studies directly comparing these functions in AN and OCD are extremely limited. This review provides a synthesis of behavioral and neuroimaging research examining executive functioning in AN and OCD to bridge this gap in knowledge. We outline the similarities and differences in behavioral and neuroimaging findings between AN and OCD, focusing on set shifting, (...)
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  • The Effect of an Enriched Sport Program on Children’s Executive Functions: The ESA Program.Ambra Gentile, Stefano Boca, Fatma Neşe Şahin, Özkan Güler, Simona Pajaujiene, Vinga Indriuniene, Yolanda Demetriou, David Sturm, Manuel Gómez-López, Antonino Bianco & Marianna Alesi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Executive Functions in Decision Making: An Individual Differences Approach.Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Timo Mäntylä & Fabio Del Missier - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (2):69-97.
    This individual differences study examined the relationships between three executive functions (updating, shifting, and inhibition), measured as latent variables, and performance on two cognitively demanding subtests of the Adult Decision Making Competence battery: Applying Decision Rules and Consistency in Risk Perception. Structural equation modelling showed that executive functions contribute differentially to performance in these two tasks, with Applying Decision Rules being mainly related to inhibition and Consistency in Risk Perception mainly associated to shifting. The results suggest that the successful application (...)
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  • Dissociations of Personally Significant and Task-Relevant Distractors Inside and Outside the Focus of Attention: A Combined Behavioral and Psychophysiological Study.Nurit Gronau, Asher Cohen & Gershon Ben-Shakhar - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (4):512.
  • Effects of Mild Cognitive Impairment on the Event-Related Brain Potential Components Elicited in Executive Control Tasks.Montserrat Zurrón, Mónica Lindín, Jesús Cespón, Susana Cid-Fernández, Santiago Galdo-Álvarez, Marta Ramos-Goicoa & Fernando Díaz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Using Eye-Tracking to Investigate an Activation-Based Account of False Hearing in Younger and Older Adults.Eric Failes & Mitchell S. Sommers - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Several recent studies have demonstrated context-based, high-confidence misperceptions in hearing, referred to as false hearing. These studies have unanimously found that older adults are more susceptible to false hearing than are younger adults, which the authors have attributed to an age-related decline in the ability to inhibit the activation of a contextually predicted response. However, no published work has investigated this activation-based account of false hearing. In the present study, younger and older adults listened to sentences in which the semantic (...)
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  • The Generality of Working Memory Capacity: A Latent-Variable Approach to Verbal and Visuospatial Memory Span and Reasoning.Michael J. Kane, David Z. Hambrick, Stephen W. Tuholski, Oliver Wilhelm, Tabitha W. Payne & Randall W. Engle - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (2):189-217.
  • Effects and Moderators of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Subsequent Interference Control: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Max Oberste, Florian Javelle, Sophia Sharma, Niklas Joisten, David Walzik, Wilhelm Bloch & Philipp Zimmer - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Independence of Hot and Cold Executive Function Deficits in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.David L. Zimmerman, Tamara Ownsworth, Analise O'Donovan, Jacqueline Roberts & Matthew J. Gullo - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  • Approach and Withdrawal Tendencies During Written Word Processing: Effects of Task, Emotional Valence, and Emotional Arousal.Francesca M. M. Citron, David Abugaber & Cornelia Herbert - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Additive Effects of Item-Specific and Congruency Sequence Effects in the Vocal Stroop Task.Andrew J. Aschenbrenner & David A. Balota - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The Cost of Being Watched: Stroop Interference Increases Under Concomitant Eye Contact.Laurence Conty, David Gimmig, Clément Belletier, Nathalie George & Pascal Huguet - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):133-139.
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  • Reach Tracking Reveals Dissociable Processes Underlying Cognitive Control.Christopher D. Erb, Jeff Moher, David M. Sobel & Joo-Hyun Song - 2016 - Cognition 152:114-126.
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  • Seeing Conflict and Engaging Control: Experience with Contrastive Language Benefits Executive Function in Preschoolers.Sabine Doebel & Philip David Zelazo - 2016 - Cognition 157:219-226.
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  • Integrating Experiential and Distributional Data to Learn Semantic Representations.Mark Andrews, Gabriella Vigliocco & David Vinson - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):463-498.
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  • The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning.Michael Waldmann (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Causal reasoning is one of our most central cognitive competencies, enabling us to adapt to our world. Causal knowledge allows us to predict future events, or diagnose the causes of observed facts. We plan actions and solve problems using knowledge about cause-effect relations. Without our ability to discover and empirically test causal theories, we would not have made progress in various empirical sciences. In the past decades, the important role of causal knowledge has been discovered in many areas of cognitive (...)
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  • Seeing and Mastering Difficulty: The Role of Affective Change in Achievement Flow.Nicola Baumann & David Scheffer - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8):1304-1328.
  • Training and Transfer Effects of Combining Inhibitory Control Training With Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Healthy Adults.Chunchen Wang, Xinsheng Cao, Zhijun Gao, Yang Liu & Zhihong Wen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Inhibitory control training is a promising method to improve individual performance of inhibitory control. Recent studies have suggested transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a novel approach to affect cognitive function owing to its ability to modulate the locus coeruleus-noradrenaline system. To examine the synergistic effects of combining ICT with tVNS, 58 young males in college were randomly assigned to four groups: ICT + tVNS, ICT + sham tVNS, sham ICT + tVNS, and sham ICT + sham tVNS. Participants were instructed (...)
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  • A Skill‐Based Approach to Modeling the Attentional Blink.Corné Hoekstra, Sander Martens & Niels A. Taatgen - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):1030-1045.
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  • Are Automatic Conceptual Cores the Gold Standard of Semantic Processing? The Context‐Dependence of Spatial Meaning in Grounded Congruency Effects.Lauren A. M. Lebois, Christine D. Wilson-Mendenhall & Lawrence W. Barsalou - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (8):1764-1801.
    According to grounded cognition, words whose semantics contain sensory-motor features activate sensory-motor simulations, which, in turn, interact with spatial responses to produce grounded congruency effects. Growing evidence shows these congruency effects do not always occur, suggesting instead that the grounded features in a word's meaning do not become active automatically across contexts. Researchers sometimes use this as evidence that concepts are not grounded, further concluding that grounded information is peripheral to the amodal cores of concepts. We first review broad evidence (...)
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  • Potential Pitfalls in Neuropsychological Studies: The Case of Short-Term Memory.David Caplan - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):443-444.
  • A Limitation of the Reflex-Arc Approach to Consciousness.J. Steven Reznick & Philip David Zelazo - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):692-692.
  • Interference Produced by Modified Stroop Stimuli.David A. McCown & Malcolm D. Arnoult - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (1):5-7.
  • Moral Reasoning: Hints and Allegations.Joseph M. Paxton & Joshua D. Greene - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):511-527.
    Recent research in moral psychology highlights the role of emotion and intuition in moral judgment. In the wake of these findings, the role and significance of moral reasoning remain uncertain. In this article, we distinguish among different kinds of moral reasoning and review evidence suggesting that at least some kinds of moral reasoning play significant roles in moral judgment, including roles in abandoning moral intuitions in the absence of justifying reasons, applying both deontological and utilitarian moral principles, and counteracting automatic (...)
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  • Symbol Grounding Without Direct Experience: Do Words Inherit Sensorimotor Activation From Purely Linguistic Context?Fritz Günther, Carolin Dudschig & Barbara Kaup - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):336-374.
    Theories of embodied cognition assume that concepts are grounded in non-linguistic, sensorimotor experience. In support of this assumption, previous studies have shown that upwards response movements are faster than downwards movements after participants have been presented with words whose referents are typically located in the upper vertical space. This is taken as evidence that processing these words reactivates sensorimotor experiential traces. This congruency effect was also found for novel words, after participants learned these words as labels for novel objects that (...)
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  • The Influence of a Competitive Field Hockey Match on Cognitive Function.Rachel Malcolm, Simon Cooper, Jonathan P. Folland, Christopher J. Tyler & Caroline Sunderland - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Despite the known positive effects of acute exercise on cognition, the effects of a competitive team sport match are unknown. In a randomized crossover design, 20 female and 17 male field hockey players completed a battery of cognitive tests prior to, at half-time, and immediately following a competitive match ; with effect sizes presented as raw ES from mixed effect models. Blood samples were collected prior to and following the match and control trial, and analyzed for adrenaline, noradrenaline, brain derived (...)
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  • Competition, Conflict and Change of Mind: A Role of GABAergic Inhibition in the Primary Motor Cortex.Bastien Ribot, Aymar de Rugy, Nicolas Langbour, Anne Duron, Michel Goillandeau & Thomas Michelet - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Deciding between different voluntary movements implies a continuous control of the competition between potential actions. Many theories postulate a leading role of prefrontal cortices in this executive function, but strong evidence exists that a motor region like the primary motor cortex is also involved, possibly via inhibitory mechanisms. This was already shown during the pre-movement decision period, but not after movement onset. For this pilot experiment we designed a new task compatible with the dynamics of post-onset control to study the (...)
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  • Inhibitory Control in Children 4–10 Years of Age: Evidence From Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Task-Based Observations. [REVIEW]Xin Zhou, Elizabeth M. Planalp, Lauren Heinrich, Colleen Pletcher, Marissa DiPiero, Andrew L. Alexander, Ruth Y. Litovsky & Douglas C. Dean - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Executive function is essential to child development, with associated skills beginning to emerge in the first few years of life and continuing to develop into adolescence and adulthood. The prefrontal cortex, which follows a neurodevelopmental timeline similar to EF, plays an important role in the development of EF. However, limited research has examined prefrontal function in young children due to limitations of currently available neuroimaging techniques such as functional resonance magnetic imaging. The current study developed and applied a multimodal Go/NoGo (...)
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  • The Generalizability Crisis.Tal Yarkoni - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:1-37.
    Most theories and hypotheses in psychology are verbal in nature, yet their evaluation overwhelmingly relies on inferential statistical procedures. The validity of the move from qualitative to quantitative analysis depends on the verbal and statistical expressions of a hypothesis being closely aligned – that is, that the two must refer to roughly the same set of hypothetical observations. Here, I argue that many applications of statistical inference in psychology fail to meet this basic condition. Focusing on the most widely used (...)
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  • A Critique of Top‐Down Independent Levels Models of Speech Production: Evidence From Non‐Plan‐Internal Speech Errors.Trevor A. Harley - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (3):191-219.
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  • Controlled & Automatic Processing: Behavior, Theory, and Biological Mechanisms.Walter Schneider & Jason M. Chein - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (3):525-559.
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  • Piéron's Law Holds During Stroop Conflict: Insights Into the Architecture of Decision Making.Tom Stafford, Leanne Ingram & Kevin N. Gurney - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1553-1566.
    Piéron's Law describes the relationship between stimulus intensity and reaction time. Previously (Stafford & Gurney, 2004), we have shown that Piéron's Law is a necessary consequence of rise-to-threshold decision making and thus will arise from optimal simple decision-making algorithms (e.g., Bogacz, Brown, Moehlis, Holmes, & Cohen, 2006). Here, we manipulate the color saturation of a Stroop stimulus. Our results show that Piéron's Law holds for color intensity and color-naming reaction time, extending the domain of this law, in line with our (...)
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  • A Strategy‐Based Interpretation of Stroop.Marsha C. Lovett - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (3):493-524.
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  • Cognitive Control: Componential or Emergent?Richard P. Cooper - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):598-613.
    The past 25 years have witnessed an increasing awareness of the importance of cognitive control in the regulation of complex behavior. It now sits alongside attention, memory, language, and thinking as a distinct domain within cognitive psychology. At the same time it permeates each of these sibling domains. This introduction reviews recent work on cognitive control in an attempt to provide a context for the fundamental question addressed within this topic: Is cognitive control to be understood as resulting from the (...)
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  • Computational Models of Performance Monitoring and Cognitive Control.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):658-677.
    The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been the subject of intense interest as a locus of cognitive control. Several computational models have been proposed to account for a range of effects, including error detection, conflict monitoring, error likelihood prediction, and numerous other effects observed with single-unit neurophysiology, fMRI, and lesion studies. Here, we review the state of computational models of cognitive control and offer a new theoretical synthesis of the mPFC as signaling response–outcome predictions. This new synthesis has two interacting (...)
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  • The Interactive Model of L2 Listening Processing in Chinese Bilinguals: A Multiple Mediation Analysis.Yilong Yang, Guoying Yang & Yadan Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Second language listening is a common challenge for language learners. It remains largely unknown how bilinguals process L2 listening. The literature has suggested an interactive model of L2 listening processing. However, few studies have examined the model from an experimental approach. The current study tried to provide empirical evidence for the interactive model of L2 listening processing in bilinguals by exploring the relationships among English spoken word segmentation, cognitive inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and L2 listening proficiency. The results showed positive associations (...)
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  • Experimental Manipulation of Guided Attention to the Shoulder Movement Task in Clinical Dohsa-Hou Induces Shifts in the Reactive Mode and Indicates Flexible Cognitive Control Performance.Takuya Fujikawa, Russell Sarwar Kabir & Yutaka Haramaki - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The empirical basis for self-control in Dohsa-hou as it relates to effects on cognitive processes has been explored in a few studies of the Japanese psychotherapy, but not under standardized conditions with a strong predictive theory of control. This study reports on a series of experiments with the Dual Mechanisms of Control framework to clarify the possible regulatory mechanism of Dohsa-hou by focusing on shoulder movement, a key body movement task used by practitioners across applied settings. Cognitive control was operationalized (...)
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  • The Acute Effects of Standing on Executive Functioning in Vocational Education and Training Students: The Phit2Learn Study.Petra J. Luteijn, Inge S. M. van der Wurff, Amika S. Singh, Hans H. C. M. Savelberg & Renate H. M. de Groot - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Research suggests that sedentary behavior is negatively associated with cognitive outcomes. Interrupting prolonged sitting has been shown to improve cognitive functions, including executive functioning, which is important for academic performance. No research has been conducted on the effect of standing on EF in VET students, who make up a large proportion of the adolescent population and who are known to sit more than other students of this age. In this study, we investigated the acute effects of reducing SB by short (...)
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  • Peer Victimization Influences Attention Processing Beyond the Effects of Childhood Maltreatment by Caregivers.Benjamin Iffland & Frank Neuner - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundDifferent types of maltreatment lead to distortions in emotion and attention processing. The present study investigated whether the experience of peer victimization in childhood and adolescence has an additional influence on attention processing in adulthood.MethodsTwo non-clinical samples consisting of individuals with different levels of experiences of maltreatment were recruited. In an evaluative conditioning task, images of faces with neutral emotional expression were either associated with short videos of intense negative statements, or associated with neutral videos. Subsequently, these faces were used (...)
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  • What Can Brinley Plots Tell Us About Cognitive Aging? Exploring Simulated Data and Modified Brinley Plots.Jessica Nicosia, Emily R. Cohen-Shikora & Michael J. Strube - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Cognitive aging researchers have been challenged with demonstrating age-related effects above and beyond global slowing ever since Cerella raised this issue in 1990. As the literature has made clear, this has indeed proved to be a difficult task and continues to plague the field. One way that researchers have attempted to test for disproportionate age differences across task conditions is by using Brinley plots, or plotting the mean response latencies of older adults against the mean latencies for younger adults. The (...)
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