Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Playing Games with Ais: The Limits of GPT-3 and Similar Large Language Models.Adam Sobieszek & Tadeusz Price - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (2):341-364.
    This article contributes to the debate around the abilities of large language models such as GPT-3, dealing with: firstly, evaluating how well GPT does in the Turing Test, secondly the limits of such models, especially their tendency to generate falsehoods, and thirdly the social consequences of the problems these models have with truth-telling. We start by formalising the recently proposed notion of reversible questions, which Floridi & Chiriatti propose allow one to ‘identify the nature of the source of their answers’, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Strictly Human: Limitations of Autonomous Systems.Sadjad Soltanzadeh - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (2):269-288.
    Can autonomous systems replace humans in the performance of their activities? How does the answer to this question inform the design of autonomous systems? The study of technical systems and their features should be preceded by the study of the activities in which they play roles. Each activity can be described by its overall goals, governing norms and the intermediate steps which are taken to achieve the goals and to follow the norms. This paper uses the activity realist approach to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Structure of Semantic Norms.Jeffrey Kaplan - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Can Thought Experiments Solve Problems of Personal Identity?Lukas J. Meier - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-23.
    Good physical experiments conform to the basic methodological standards of experimental design: they are objective, reliable, and valid. But is this also true of thought experiments? Especially problems of personal identity have engendered hypothetical scenarios that are very distant from the actual world. These imagined situations have been conspicuously ineffective at resolving conflicting intuitions and deciding between the different accounts of personal identity. Using prominent examples from the literature, I argue that this is due to many of these thought experiments (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Through New Eyes: Artificial Intelligence, Technological Unemployment, and Transhumanism in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Klara and the Sun.Santiago Mejia & Dominique Nikolaidis - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (1):303-306.
    Klara and the Sun, the latest novel by Nobel-prize winner Kazuo Ishiguro, forces one to reckon with one's own anxieties about the future of emerging technologies and confront deep questions about the nature of dignity, existence, and humanity. The novel also provides one with complex characters and a speculative future through which to live new lives, experience novel worlds, and see through different eyes. At the same time, the novel’s world offers us an uncanny distance from our own, making us (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Moral Agency, Moral Responsibility, and Artifacts: What Existing Artifacts Fail to Achieve (and Why), and Why They, Nevertheless, Can (and Do!) Make Moral Claims Upon Us.Joel Parthemore & Blay Whitby - 2014 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (2):141-161.
    This paper follows directly from an earlier paper where we discussed the requirements for an artifact to be a moral agent and concluded that the artifactual question is ultimately a red herring. As...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Meaning Relations, Syntax, and Understanding.Prakash Mondal - 2022 - Axiomathes 32 (3):459-475.
    This paper revisits the conception of intelligence and understanding as embodied in the Turing Test. It argues that a simple system of meaning relations drawn from words/lexical items in a natural language and framed in terms of syntax-free relations in linguistic texts can help ground linguistic inferences in a manner that can be taken to be 'understanding' in a mechanized system. Understanding in this case is a matter of running through the relevant inferences meaning relations allow for, and some of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- Tico-Cognitive Analysis.Sergey L. Katrechko - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (3):41-55.
  • European Summer Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, Paris, 1985.K. R. Apt - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):295-349.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Intentionality, Mind and Folk Psychology.Winand H. Dittrich & Stephen E. G. Lea - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):39-41.
    The comment addresses central issues of a "theory theory" approach as exemplified in Gopnik' and Goldman's BBS-articles. Gopnik, on the one hand, tries to demonstrate that empirical evidence from developmental psychology supports the view of a "theory theory" in which common sense beliefs are constructed to explain ourselves and others. Focusing the informational processing routes possibly involved we would like to argue that his main thesis (e.g. idea of intentionality as a cognitive construct) lacks support at least for two reasons: (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Defense of the Rights of Artificial Intelligences.Eric Schwitzgebel & Mara Garza - 2015 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 39 (1):98-119.
    There are possible artificially intelligent beings who do not differ in any morally relevant respect from human beings. Such possible beings would deserve moral consideration similar to that of human beings. Our duties to them would not be appreciably reduced by the fact that they are non-human, nor by the fact that they owe their existence to us. Indeed, if they owe their existence to us, we would likely have additional moral obligations to them that we don’t ordinarily owe to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  • Intellectual Trespassing as a Way of Life: Essays in Philosophy, Economics, and Mathematics.David P. Ellerman - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Dramatic changes or revolutions in a field of science are often made by outsiders or 'trespassers,' who are not limited by the established, 'expert' approaches. Each essay in this diverse collection shows the fruits of intellectual trespassing and poaching among fields such as economics, Kantian ethics, Platonic philosophy, category theory, double-entry accounting, arbitrage, algebraic logic, series-parallel duality, and financial arithmetic.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • The Philosophy of Generative Linguistics.Peter Ludlow - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Ludlow presents the first book on the philosophy of generative linguistics, including both Chomsky's government and binding theory and his minimalist ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  • Foundations of Embodied Learning: A Paradigm for Education.Jing Zhang - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-4.
  • The Making of Imago Hominis: Can We Produce Artificial Companions by Programming Sentience Into Robots?Zishang Yue - 2022 - The New Bioethics 28 (2):168-185.
    This essay discusses sentient robot research through the lens of suffering. First three kinds of suffering are considered: physical, psychological, and existential. Physical pain is shown to b...
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Self-Consciousness in Animals: Advantages and Problems of a Multipronged Approach.Florian Leonhard Wüstholz - 2015 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):1-18.
    Self-consciousness in non-human animals is a complex phenomenon which raises both conceptual and methodological problems. First, what do we mean by the concept of ‘self-consciousness’? Secondly, what is the best experimental approach to self-consciousness? This paper gives a short overview of the concept of self-consciousness in section 1. We can understand the concept of self-consciousness as capturing the ability of subjects to consciously think about themselves as themselves. If this is accurate, then it is prudent to look at a broad (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Philosophy of Mind: Critical Concepts in Philosophy.Sean Crawford (ed.) - 2010 - Routledge.
    v. 1. Foundations -- v. 2. The mind-body problem -- v. 3. Intentionality -- v. 4. Consciousness.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • What Lies Behind AGI: Ethical Concerns Related to LLMs.Giada Pistilli - 2022 - Éthique Et Numérique 1 (1):59-68.
    This paper opens the philosophical debate around the notion of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) and its application in Large Language Models (LLMs). Through the lens of moral philosophy, the paper raises questions about these AI systems' capabilities and goals, the treatment of humans behind them, and the risk of perpetuating a monoculture through language.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Penrose on What Scientists Know.Rubén Herce - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (4):679-694.
    This paper presents an analysis and critique of Roger Penrose’s epistemological, methodological, and ontological positions. The analysis is relevant not only because Penrose is an influential scientist, but also because of the particular traits of his thought. These traits are directly connected with his background and approach to science: ontological and epistemological realism, mathematical Platonism, emphasis on the continuities of science, epistemological inclusiveness and essential openness of science, the role of common sense, emphasis on the connection between science, ethics, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Progress in Machine Consciousness.David Gamez - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):887-910.
    This paper is a review of the work that has been carried out on machine consciousness. A clear overview of this diverse field is achieved by breaking machine consciousness down into four different areas, which are used to understand its aims, discuss its relationship with other subjects and outline the work that has been carried out so far. The criticisms that have been made against machine consciousness are also covered, along with its potential benefits, and the work that has been (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Self-Ascription Without Qualia: A Case Study.David J. Chalmers - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):35-36.
    In Section 5 of his interesting article, Goldman suggests that the consideration of imaginary cases can be valuable in the analysis of our psychological concepts. In particular, he argues that we can imagine a system that is isomorphic to us under any functional description, but which lacks qualitative mental states, such as pains and color sensations. Whether or not such a being is empirically possible, it certainly seems to be logically possible, or conceptually coherent. Goldman argues from this possibility to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Proposal of a Classification of Analogies.David Alvargonzález - 2020 - Informal Logic 40 (1):109-137.
    In this paper, I will propose a classification of analogies based on their internal structure. Selecting the criteria used in that classification first requires discussing the minimal constitutive parts of any analogy. Accordingly, I will discuss the differences between analogy and similarity and between analogy and “synalogy,” and I will stress the importance of the analogy of operations and procedures. Finally, I will set forth a classification of the different types of analogies, which lends itself to a further understanding of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Fallacy of Corporate Moral Agency.David Rönnegard (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Netherlands.
    This section aims to summarize and conclude Part I in the form of a taxonomy of legitimate and illegitimate corporate moral responsibility attributions. I believe we can categorise four types of corporate moral responsibility attributions two of which are legitimate and two which are illegitimate with regard to our concept of moral agency and our moral intuition of fairness.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Philosophical Thought Experiments: The Case for Engel.Diego Marconi - 2017 - Philosophia Scientae 21:111-124.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Pain Begins.Aviv Spector Shirtz - forthcoming - Theoria.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • “What on Earth Is Smenkhkare?” WH-Questions, Truth-Makers, and Causal-Informational Account of Reference.Jani Sinokki - 2022 - Theoria 88 (2):326-347.
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 2, Page 326-347, April 2022.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • “What on Earth Is Smenkhkare?” WH-Questions, Truth-Makers, and Causal-Informational Account of Reference.Jani Sinokki - 2022 - Theoria 88 (2):326-347.
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 2, Page 326-347, April 2022.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Intentionality.David M. Rosenthal - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):151-184.
    At the level of our platitudinous background knowledge about things, speech is the expression of thought. And understanding what such expressing involves is central to understanding the relation between thinking and speaking. Part of what it is for a speech act to express a mental state is that the speech act accurately captures the mental state and can convey to others what mental state it is. And for this to occur, the speech act at least must have propositional content that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Computationalism: Still the Only Game in Town: A Reply to Swiatczak’s “Conscious Representations: An Intractable Problem for the Computational Theory of Mind”. [REVIEW]David Davenport - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (3):183-190.
    Abstract Mental representations, Swiatczak (Minds Mach 21:19–32, 2011) argues, are fundamentally biochemical and their operations depend on consciousness; hence the computational theory of mind, based as it is on multiple realisability and purely syntactic operations, must be wrong. Swiatczak, however, is mistaken. Computation, properly understood, can afford descriptions/explanations of any physical process, and since Swiatczak accepts that consciousness has a physical basis, his argument against computationalism must fail. Of course, we may not have much idea how consciousness (itself a rather (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Mental Representation.David Pitt - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The notion of a "mental representation" is, arguably, in the first instance a theoretical construct of cognitive science. As such, it is a basic concept of the Computational Theory of Mind, according to which cognitive states and processes are constituted by the occurrence, transformation and storage (in the mind/brain) of information-bearing structures (representations) of one kind or another.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  • Models of Memory: Wittgenstein and Cognitive Science.David G. Stern - 1991 - Philosophical Psychology 4 (2):203-18.
  • Can Artificial Intelligence (Re)Define Creativity?Dessislava Fessenko - 2022 - In EthicAI=LABS Project. Sofia: DA LAB Foundation /Goethe-institut Sofia. pp. 34-48.
    What is the essential ingredient of creativity that only humans – and not machines – possess? Can artificial intelligence help refine the notion of creativity by reference to that essential ingredient? How / do we need to redefine our conceptual and legal frameworks for rewarding creativity because of this new qualifying – actually creatively significant – factor? -/- Those are the questions tackled in this essay. The author’s conclusion is that consciousness, experiential states (such as a raw feel of what (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Psychopathology and the Discontinuity of Conscious Experience.David R. Hemsley - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):683-684.
    It is accepted that “primary awareness” may emerge from the integration of two classes of information. It is unclear, however, why this cannot take place within the comparator rather than in conjunction with feedback to the perceptual systems. The model has plausibility in relation to the continuity of conscious experience in the normal waking state and may be extended to encompass certain aspects of the “sense of self” which are frequently disrupted in psychotic patients.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • David W. Green and Others, Cognitive Science: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Christopher D. Green - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):437-443.
  • Thought and Qualia.David Cole - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (3):283-302.
    I present a theory of the nature and basis of the conscious experience characteristic of occurent propositional attitudes: thinking this or that. As a preliminary I offer an extended criticism of Paul Schweizer's treatment of such consciousness as unexplained secondary qualities of neural events. I also attempt to rebut arguments against the possibility of functionalist accounts of conscious experience and qualia.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Philosophy and Cognitive Sciences: Proceedings of the 16th International Wittgenstein Symposium (Kirchberg Am Wechsel, Austria 1993).Roberto Casati & Barry Smith (eds.) - 1994 - Vienna: Wien: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.
    Online collection of papers by Devitt, Dretske, Guarino, Hochberg, Jackson, Petitot, Searle, Tye, Varzi and other leading thinkers on philosophy and the foundations of cognitive Science. Topics dealt with include: Wittgenstein and Cognitive Science, Content and Object, Logic and Foundations, Language and Linguistics, and Ontology and Mereology.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Two Forms of Dualism.David Sosa - 2011 - Dialogue 50 (2):307-313.
    ABSTRACT: I distinguish two sorts of motivation for dualism. One motivation is driven by the distinctive character of conscious phenomenology. The other is driven by the special character of normativity: Is rationality an even problem than consciousness? There is no dramatic climax in which I show that these two dualist currents have a common source; in fact, I think they are relatively independent.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Homunculus at Home.J. David Smith - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):697-698.
    In Gray's conjecture, mismatches in the subicular comparator and matches have equal prominence in consciousness. In rival cognitive views novelty and difficulty especially elicit more conscious modes of cognition and higher levels of self-regulation. The mismatch between Gray's conjecture and these views is discussed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Updating the Turing Test Wittgenstein, Turing and Symbol Manipulation.Penco Carlo - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):189.
  • Psychological Explanation and Causal Deviancy.Joseph Owens - 1998 - Synthese 115 (2):143-169.
  • David's Need for Mutual Recognition: A Social Personhood Defense of Steven Spielberg's A. I. Artificial Intelligence.Tuomas William Manninen & Bertha Alvarez Manninen - 2016 - Film-Philosophy 20 (2-3):339-356.
    In Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence a company called Cybertronics is responsible for creating, building, and disseminating a large number of ‘mechas’ – androids built specifically to address a multitude of human needs, including the desire to have children. David, an android mecha-child, has the capacity to genuinely love on whomever he ‘imprints.’ The first of this kind of mecha, he is ultimately abandoned by his ‘mother’ Monica, and David spends the rest of the film searching for Pinocchio's Blue Fairy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Simplicity Intuition and Its Hidden Influence on Philosophy of Mind.David Barnett - 2008 - Noûs 42 (2):308 - 335.
    Huxley’s Explanatory Gap: There can be no explanation of how states of consciousness arise from interaction among a collection of physical things.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Digital Technology: Reflections on the Difference Between Instrumental Rationality and Practical Reason.Ludwig Nagl - 2022 - Kantian Journal 41 (1):60-88.
    Are computers on the way to acquiring “superintelligence”? Can human deliberation and decision-making be fully simulated by the mechanical execution of AI programmes? On close examination these expectations turn out not to be well-founded, since algorithms do, ultimately, have “heteronomous” characteristics. So-called AI-“autonomy” is a sensor-directed performance automatism, which — compared with the potential for ethical judgment in human “practical reason” — proves to be limited in significant ways. This is shown in some detail with reference to the idea of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Neural Dynamic Model of the Perceptual Grounding of Spatial and Movement Relations.Mathis Richter, Jonas Lins & Gregor Schöner - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (10):e13045.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Dismantling the Chinese Room with linguistic tools: a framework for elucidating concept-application disputes.Lawrence Lengbeyer - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-19.
    Imagine advanced computers that could, by virtue merely of being programmed in the right ways, act, react, communicate, and otherwise behave like humans. Might such computers be capable of understanding, thinking, believing, and the like? The framework developed in this paper for tackling challenging questions of concept application answers in the affirmative, contrary to Searle’s famous ‘Chinese Room’ thought experiment, which purports to prove that ascribing such mental processes to computers like these would be necessarily incorrect. The paper begins by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Filozofija uma: pregled suvremenih rasprava o umu i tijelu (Eng. Philosophy of mind: a survey of contemporary debates on the mind-body problem).Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2022 - Rijeka: University of Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    The book deals with a contemporary discussion of the relationship between mind and body. This discussion takes its modern form during the 17th century in the works of René Descartes. Therefore, in the book, an overview of these topics begins with a consideration of the scientific picture of the world taking on a new form in Descartes' time and the way Descartes begins to think about the nature of the mind and its place in the world. The book covers the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • STOLJEĆE REARANŽIRANJA. ESEJI O IDENTITETU, ZNANJU I DRUŠTVU.Nijaz Ibrulj - 2005 - Sarajevo: Filozofsko društvo Theoria.
    Eseji su nastali u 2003. i 2004. godini kao dio realizacije mojih istraživanja holizma identiteta i socijalne triangulacije (identitet - znanje - društvena ontologija) tokom rada na istraživačkim projektima Znanstveno-raziskovalneg središča Republike Slovenije, Koper. Istovremeno je rad na projektima u Sarajevu, u sklopu međunarodnih i domaćih aktivnosti koje je organiziralo Filozofsko društvo "Theoria ", bio poticajan za promišljanje nekih značajnih pitanja koja se odnose na rearanžiranje ambijenta životnog svijeta modernog čovjeka.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Spirit Calls Nature: Bridging Science and Spirituality, Consciousness and Evolution in a Synthesis of Knowledge.Marco Masi - 2021 - Indy Edition.
    This is a technical treatise for the scientific-minded readers trying to expand their intellectual horizon beyond the straitjacket of materialism. It is dedicated to those scientists and philosophers who feel there is something more, but struggle with connecting the dots into a more coherent picture supported by a way of seeing that allows us to overcome the present paradigm and yet maintains a scientific and conceptual rigor, without falling into oversimplifications. Most of the topics discussed are unknown even to neuroscientists, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Four: The Logos of Scientific Interrogation, Participating in Nature-Life-Sharing in Life.Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.) - 2005 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Prompted and ever diversified by the specifically human interrogative logos, scientific inquiries seek a common system of links in order to mutually confirm and rectify their results. Coming closer and closer to phenomenology, the sciences of life find the common ground of the reality in the ontopoiesis of life. Could it not be that the interrogative logos of science, participating in human creative inventiveness will bring together also the divergent scientific methods in a common network? A network which comprises natural (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Dynamics of Thought.Peter Gardenfors - 2005 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    This volume is a collection of some of the most important philosophical papers by Peter Gärdenfors. Spanning a period of more than 20 years of his research, they cover a wide ground of topics, from early works on decision theory, belief revision and nonmonotonic logic to more recent work on conceptual spaces, inductive reasoning, semantics and the evolutions of thinking. Many of the papers have only been published in places that are difficult to access. The common theme of all the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations