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Notebooks for an Ethics

University of Chicago Press (1992)

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  1. Four Slogans for Cultural Change: An Evolving Place-Based, Imaginative and Ecological Learning Experience.Sean Blenkinsop - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (3):353-368.
    This article focuses primarily on our research group?s year of preparation before the opening of a new K-7 publicly funded ecological ?school? for students aged 5?12. The article begins with a discussion of the reasons for seeking ways to change the values of a culture which fails to confront the consequences of its destructive practices, and for looking for a new approach to ecological education which sees the more-than-human world as an integral part of the learning situation. Five principles are (...)
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  • On Seizing the Source: Toward a Phenomenology of Religious Violence.Michael Staudigl - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (5):744-782.
    In this paper I argue that we need to analyze ‘religious violence’ in the ‘post-secular context’ in a twofold way: rather than simply viewing it in terms of mere irrationality, senselessness, atavism, or monstrosity – terms which, as we witness today on an immense scale, are strongly endorsed by the contemporary theater of cruelty committed in the name of religion – we also need to understand it in terms of an ‘originary supplement’ of ‘disengaged reason’. In order to confront its (...)
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  • Experimental and relational authenticity: how neurotechnologies impact narrative identities.Cristian Iftode, Alexandra Zorilă, Constantin Vică & Emilian Mihailov - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    The debate about how neurotechnologies impact authenticity has focused on two inter-related dimensions: self-discovery and self-creation. In this paper, we develop a broader framework that includes the experimental and relational dimensions of authenticity, both understood as decisive for shaping one’s narrative identity. In our view, neurointerventions that alter someone’s personality traits will also impact her very own self-understanding across time. We argue that experimental authenticity only needs a minimum conception of narrative coherence of the self and that reversibility should remain (...)
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  • Existentialist Perspectives on the Problem and Prevention of Moral Disengagement.Helet Botha & R. Edward Freeman - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-13.
    We bring the distinct and complementary existentialist perspectives of Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir to bear on the phenomenon of moral disengagement in managerial decision-making. Existentialist thinking is a rich source of insight on this phenomenon, because—as we demonstrate—the concept of moral disengagement overlaps significantly with the notion of ‘a consciousness in bad faith’ in Sartre’s writing, and the notion of ‘not willing oneself free’ in De Beauvoir’s writing. These concepts play a critical role in existentialist ethics, and thus (...)
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  • Much Ado About Nothing: The Bergsonian and Heideggerian Roots of Sartre’s Conception of Nothingness.Gavin Rae - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (2):249-268.
    The question of nothingness occupies the thinking of a number of philosophers in the first half of the twentieth-century, with three of the most important responses being those of Henri Bergson, Martin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre. Surprisingly, however, there has been little discussion of their specific comments on nothingness either individually or comparatively. This paper starts to remedy this by suggesting that, while Bergson dismisses nothingness as a pseudo-problem based in a flawed metaphysical understanding, Heidegger, in What is Metaphysics?, claims (...)
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  • Forms of Life and the Phenomenological Ontology of Conversion.Daniel ‘Drugar’ Rueda Garrido - forthcoming - Sophia:1-15.
    In this article, my purpose is to explore conversion in its onto-phenomenological structure. To this end, in the first section, I develop a notion of form of life as an ontological unit. That is, the totality of the possible actions of a subject according to the principle that drives him/her. In this way, the subject is the result of the actions that constitute the adopted form of life. In the second section, I hold that all conversion is precisely the passage (...)
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  • Enacting Gifts: Performances on Par with Art Experiences.Sue Spaid - 2021 - Aesthetic Investigations 5 (1):64-81.
    Given the coterie of philosophers focused on everyday aesthetics, it's fascinating that gift reception has heretofore managed to escape their scrutiny. To enact a gift, recipients begin by imagining its use. On this level, gifts serve as a litmus test. In luring us, we're taken out of our normal ways of being to experience a different side of ourselves. Enacting a gift is thus a kind of performance, whose value depends on the donee’s interpretation, just as exhibitions, concerts, staged plays (...)
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  • Business Ethics and Existentialism.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):218–233.
  • The Ethics of Organizational Commitment.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (2):142–153.
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  • “A Dream, Dreamed by Reason … Hollow Like All Dreams”: French Existentialism and Its Critique of Abstract Liberalism. [REVIEW]Bart Van Leeuwen & Karen Vintges - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (3):653 - 674.
    The recent chiming of Simone de Beauvoir's legacy by French feminists for a policy of assimilation of Muslim women to Western models of self and society reduces the complexity and richness of Beauvoir's views in inacceptable ways. This article explores to what extent a politics of difference that challenges the ideals and political strategies of abstract liberalism can be extracted from and legitimized by the philosophies of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre. Without assuming their thought is identical, we can (...)
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  • “A Dream, Dreamed by Reason … Hollow Like All Dreams”: French Existentialism and Its Critique of Abstract Liberalism.Bart van Leeuwen & Karen Vintges - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (3):653-674.
    The recent claiming of Simone de Beauvoir's legacy by French feminists for a policy of assimilation of Muslim women to Western models of self and society reduces the complexity and richness of Beauvoir's views in inacceptable ways. This article explores to what extent a politics of difference that challenges the ideals and political strategies of abstract liberalism can be extracted from and legitimized by the philosophies of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre. Without assuming their thought is identical, we can (...)
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  • Early Sartre on Freedom and Ethics.Peter Poellner - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):221-247.
    This paper offers a revisionary interpretation of Sartre's early views on human freedom. Sartre articulates a subtle account of a fundamental sense of human freedom as autonomy, in terms of human consciousness being both reasons-responsive and in a distinctive sense self-determining. The aspects of Sartre's theory of human freedom that underpin his early ethics are shown to be based on his phenomenological analysis of consciousness as, in its fundamental mode of self-presence, not an object in the world. Sartre has a (...)
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  • Towards a Relational Phenomenology of Violence.Michael Staudigl - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (1):43-66.
    This article elaborates a relational phenomenology of violence. Firstly, it explores the constitution of all sense in its intrinsic relation with our embodiment and intercorporality. Secondly, it shows how this relational conception of sense and constitution paves the path for an integrative understanding of the bodily and symbolic constituents of violence. Thirdly, the author addresses the overall consequences of these reflections, thereby identifying the main characteristics of a relational phenomenology of violence. In the final part, the paper provides an exemplification (...)
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  • Book Review: The Early Sartre and Marxism, Written by Sam Coombes. [REVIEW]Anne F. Pomeroy - 2014 - Historical Materialism 22 (1):178-199.
    It is a widely held view among scholars and commentators on the works of Jean-Paul Sartre that his corpus can be roughly divided into an early, largely a-political, non-Marxist period, and a later, more overtly political, post-liberation period. InThe Early Sartre and Marxism, Sam Coombes seeks to problematise this interpretation of Sartre’s corpus by undertaking a re-evaluation of a wide array of pre-liberation and early post-liberation writings in order to establish the extent to which views fully consistent with a certain (...)
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  • Love and Entitlement: Sartre and Beauvoir on the Nature of Jealousy.Irene Mcmullin - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (1):102-122.
    This paper argues that an essential and often overlooked feature of jealousy is the sense that one is entitled to the affirmation provided by the love relationship. By turning to Sartre's and Beauvoir's analyses of love and its distortions, I will show how the public nature of identity can inhibit the possibility of genuine love. Since we must depend on the freedom of others to show us who we are, the uncertainty this introduces into one's sense of self can trigger (...)
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  • The Sartre‐Heidegger Controversy on Humanism and the Concept of Man in Education.Leena Kakkori & Rauno Huttunen - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (4):351-365.
    Jean-Paul Sartre claims in his 1945 lecture ‘Existentialism is a Humanism’ that there are two kinds of existentialism: that of Christians like Karl Jaspers, and atheistic like Martin Heidegger. Sartre's ‘spiritual master’ Heidegger had no problem with Sartre defining him as an atheist, but he had serious problems with Sartre's concept of humanism and existentialism. Heidegger claims that the essence of humanism lies in the essence of the human being. After the Enlightenment, the Western concept of man has been presented (...)
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  • Simone de Beauvoir's Notions of Appeal, Desire, and Ambiguity and Their Relationship to Jean-Paul Sartre's Notions of Appeal and Desire.Eva Gothlin - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):83-95.
    This essay focuses on some important concepts in Beauvoir's philosophy: ambiguity, desire, and appeal (appel). Ambiguity and appeal, concepts originating in Beauvoir's moral philosophy, are in The Second Sex connected to the female body and feminine desire. This indicates the complexity of Beauvoir's image of femininity. This essay also proposes a comparative reading of Beauvoir's and Sartre's concepts of appeal, a reading that indicates differences in their views of the relationship among ethics, desire, and gender.
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  • The Blood of Others: A Novel Approach to The Ethics of Ambiguity.Eleanore Holveck - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):3 - 17.
    This article shows that the relationship between Simone de Beauvoir's novel, Le Sang des autres (The Blood of Others), first published in 1945, and her essay, Pour une morale de l'ambiguïté (The Ethics of Ambiguity), first published in 1947, illustrates her point in "Littérature et métaphysique" that an abstract philosophical theory is grounded in immediate metaphysical experience. An original ethical position emerges from Hélène Bertrand's lived experience in the novel, which anticipates feminist issues addressed in The Second Sex more directly (...)
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  • Toward an Horizon in Design Ethics.Philippe D’Anjou - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):355-370.
    This paper suggests that design ethics can be enriched by considering ethics beyond the traditional approaches of deontology, teleology, and virtue ethics. Design practice and design ethics literature tend to frame ethics in design according to these approaches. The paper argues that a fundamental and concrete ethical understanding of design ethics can also be found in Sartrean Existentialism, a philosophy centered on the individual and his/her absolute freedom. Through the analysis of four core concepts of Sartrean Existentialism that define a (...)
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  • Sobre la distinción entre ética Y moral.Gustavo Ortiz Millán - 2016 - Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho 45:83-112.
    En este artículo argumento que la distinción entre los términos “ética” y “moral” es estipulativa y que nada nos impone un cierto significado de los términos: ni su etimología ni la tradición filosófica. Argumento específicamente en contra de una estipulación según la cual “ética” se refiere a la afirmación de la conciencia individual autónoma o auténtica, mientras que “moral”, a la esfera de la observancia de reglas impuestas por la sociedad. Si el propósito de la estipulación es mostrar la mayor (...)
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  • Transcendental pride and Luciferism: On being bearers of light and powers of darkness.James G. Hart - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (3):331-353.
    The ancient theme of the metaphysical-theological extremes of being-human is revisited by asking about the condition for the readiness to engage in the form of violence which is nuclear war. Sartre’s analysis of the extreme form of anger which crosses a threshold resulting in a self-legitimating righteous indignation which admits of no superior mollifying standpoint is appropriated to account for the complacency with the institution of nuclear weapons. The god-like anti-God characteristics of extreme rage are put on ice but ready (...)
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  • Violent times, the horror of the unspeakable and the temporality of religious experience.Felix Ó Murchadha - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (3):287-302.
    Violence is essential to religion, while religion holds the promise of transcending violence. The designation religious refers not to a type of violence, but to a specific issue of violence, namely the claim to higher justification. This religious aspect is not confined to religion; it is also evident in the secular domain. A critique of religious violence needs to show the gap between violence and its justifications, experienced affectively in horror. This horror in response to the unspeakable is structurally akin (...)
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  • Sexualized Violence, Moral Disintegration and Ethical Advocacy.Melissa Mosko - unknown
    This dissertation develops and defends a conception of sexualized violence that is rooted in philosophical theories of violence, and at the same time helps us understand the way that violence is connected to various kinds of oppression, namely, the oppression of women. It argues that sexualized violence, which is typically theorized through related notions of physical violation and psychological trauma, is best understood in terms of its moral quality. Sexualized violence against women is fundamentally a moral problem insofar as it (...)
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  • Authenticity: An Ethic of Capacity Realisation.Charles Pearmain - unknown
    My interests lie in consideration of conceptions of authenticity and inauthenticity from the perspective of ethical theories which conceive of the good for man with reference to human nature and concomitant beliefs regarding the most appropriate realisation of human capacities. Here, I find particular interest in the philosophical styles embodied by the existentialist and Lebensphilosophie movements. Such approaches sit outside the traditional frames of reference provided by deontological and utilitarian approaches to ethical reasoning and yet do I shall argue, share (...)
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  • Phenomenological Ontology of Breathing : The Phenomenologico-Ontological Interpretation of the Barbaric Conviction of We Breathe Air and a New Philosophical Principle of Silence of Breath, Abyss of Air.Petri Berndtson - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Jyväskylä
    The general topic of my philosophical dissertation is phenomenological ontology of breathing. I do not investigate the phenomenon of breathing as a natural scientific problem, but as a philosophical question. Within our tradition, breathing has been normally understood as a mechanistic-materialistic physiological life-sustaining process of gas exchange and cellular respiration which does not really seem to have any essential connection to human being’s spiritual, mental or philosophical capacities. On the contrary to this natural scientific view, I argue that breathing can (...)
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  • The Blood of Others: A Novel Approach to The Ethics of Ambiguity.Eleanore Holveck - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):3-17.
    This article shows that the relationship between Simone de Beauvoir's novel, Le Sang des autres, first published in 1945, and her essay, Pour une morale de l'ambiguïté, first published in 1947, illustrates her point in “Littérature et métaphysique” that an abstract philosophical theory is grounded in immediate metaphysical experience. An original ethical position emerges from Hélène Bertrand's lived experience in the novel, which anticipates feminist issues addressed in The Second Sex more directly than does Beauvoir's essay.
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  • Sartre, Group Formations, and Practical Freedom: The Other in the Critique of Dialectical Reason.Gavin Rae - 2011 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 3 (2):183-206.
    In this essay, I attempt to remedy the relative neglect that has befallen Sartre’s analysis of social relations in the Critique of Dialectical Reason. I show that, contrary to the interpretation of certain commentators, Sartre’s analysis of social relations in this text does not contradict his earlier works. While his early work focuses on individual-to-individual social relations, the Critique of Dialectical Reason complements this by focusing on the way various group formations constrain or enhance the individual’s practical freedom. To outline (...)
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  • “Comment Is Free, but Facts Are Sacred”: User-Generated Content and Ethical Constructs at the Guardian.Jane B. Singer & Ian Ashman - 2009 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (1):3-21.
    This case study examines how journalists at Britain's Guardian newspaper and affiliated Web site are assessing and incorporating user-generated content in their perceptions and practices. A framework of existentialism helps highlight constructs and professional norms of interest. It is one of the first data-driven studies to explore how journalists are negotiating personal and social ethics within a digital network.
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  • The Paradox of Bad Faith and Elite Competitive Sport.Leon Culbertson - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 32 (1):65-86.
  • Sartre and the Doctors.Sarah Richmond - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (4):517-538.
    This paper considers how the experience of illness fits within Sartre?s account of embodiment in Being and Nothingness. Sartre makes some remarks about illness, but does not develop a full account. I show that the anti?naturalistic ontological framework in which Sartre?s discussion of the body is placed, which opposes my ?being?for?Others? to my ?being?for?myself?, imposes a revisionary account of illness, and how Sartre?s model of interpersonal relations affects his view of doctors, and their role in the illness experience. I note (...)
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  • Why Teamwork is Not a Virtue: A Response to Gaffney.Emily Ryall - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (1):57-62.
    This paper seeks to provide a response to Gaffney's analysis of teamwork by arguing that teamwork is morally neutral rather than a virtue in itself. This conclusion will be supported by examples which demonstrate how teamwork can develop and foster undesirable traits and practices such as resentment, contempt and the purely instrumental use of others in the achievement of desired ends.
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  • The Glass Shatters and Ducks Turn Into Rabbits: Bad Faith and Moral Luck: Dialogue.Matthew King - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (3-4):583-602.
    ABSTRACT This article shows how the “problem of moral luck” and Sartre's concept of “bad faith” are mutually illuminating, since both have to do with confusions about how much we control, or are controlled by, our situations. I agree with three recent proposals that the problem of moral luck results from certain epistemic malfunctions. However, I argue that the problem cannot be dissolved by overcoming these malfunctions because they are rooted in bad faith. Against the currently dominant interpretation, I argue (...)
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  • Christian Lotz: 'Vom Leib Zum Selbst'. [REVIEW]James Dodd - 2008 - Husserl Studies 24 (2):149-157.
  • Racism: On the Phenomenology of Embodied Desocialization. [REVIEW]Michael Staudigl - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (1):23-39.
    This paper addresses racism from a phenomenological viewpoint. Its main task is, ultimately, to show that racism as a process of “negative socialization” does not amount to a contingent deficiency that simply disappears under the conditions of a fully integrated society. In other words, I suspect that racism does not only indicate a lack of integration, solidarity, responsibility, recognition, etc.; rather, that it is, in its extraordinary negativity, a socially constitutive phenomenon per se . After suggesting phenomenology’s potential to tackle (...)
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  • Prolegomena to Monstrous Philosophy or Why It is Necessary to Read Schelling Today.Peter Warnek - 2014 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 6 (1):49-67.
    The paper asks about the difficulty of reading Schelling's work today given the historical biases that dominate contemporary philosophical inquiry. But if we cannot succeed as the readers Schelling himself appears to be looking for, this does not already have to mean that his work cannot speak to our time. Such a possibility, however, presupposes that we consider Schelling's work as it is inseparably connected to a critique of the modern project and as it points thereby to the monstrous discord (...)
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  • Authenticity.Jonathan Webber - 2013 - In Steven Churchill & Jack Reynolds (eds.), Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing.
    I argue that Sartre's account of the nature and value of authenticity survives Larmore's recent criticism and is preferable to Larmore's alternative account.
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  • Thinking, Relating and Choosing: Resolving the Issue of Faith, Ethics and the Existential Responsibility of the Individual.Neil Alan Soggie - 2009 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 9 (2):1-5.
    Which is worse: Doing evil or being evil? If we are free to define ourselves through our choices, as existentialism posits, then the latter is worse. This paper attempts to resolve the issue of the difference between religious ethics and the ethics of a person of faith that embraces individuals with an existential understanding. In the existential view, the individual is the primary concern, and so the issue of personal relational morality supersedes religious narratives, social morality and popular ethics. If (...)
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  • The Master–Slave Dialectic and the “Sado-Masochistic Entity”: Some Deleuzian Objections.Jack Reynolds - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (3):11-26.
  • “The Will to Live and the Meaning of Life”: Hunger as Vulnerability in French Existential Phenomenology.Ann V. Murphy - 2018 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 49 (3):193-204.
    ABSTRACTThis essay explores the phenomenology of hunger in reference to work by Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Simone de Beauvoir. Considering the wealth of references to hunger in phenomenological literature, very little has been written that acknowledges the importance of hunger in French existential phenomenology in particular. With reference to work by the above authors, this essay examines how hunger alters one’s basic experience of space and time, no less one’s sense of social belonging. Phenomenology illuminates dimensions of the human (...)
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  • Bad Faith and Self-Deception: Reconstructing the Sartrean Perspective.Maria Antonietta Perna - 2003 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 34 (1):22-44.
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