Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Humility in Learning: A Confucian Perspective.Jin Li - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (2):147-165.
    Little research exists on humility in human learning and from a cultural perspective. This article reviews current research and conceptualizes humility as a basic human potential that can become a virtue when cultivated. But the cultivation depends on the cultural values placed on humility. Although humility is recognized in the West, ambivalence toward it exists because it may contradict important Western values of self-esteem and self-confidence in learning. By contrast, the Confucian conception of humility is geared toward moral self-cultivation in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Cultural Conceptions of Morality: Examining Laypeople’s Associations of Moral Character.Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Marc Wilson & Ronald Fischer - 2014 - Journal of Moral Education 43 (1):54-74.
    Whether moral conceptions are universal or culture-specific is controversial in moral psychology. One option is to refrain from imposing theoretical constraints and to ask laypeople from different cultures how they conceptualize morality. Our article adopts this approach by examining laypeople’s associations of moral character in individualistic- and collectivistic-oriented cultures. Using correspondence analysis we found that the concept of moral character yielded widely shared associations with justice and welfare concerns. Yet, there were also clear cultural differences with individualistic-oriented samples associating more (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Nosological Diagnosis, Theories of Categorization, and Argumentations by Analogy.Francesco Gagliardi - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (2):311-330.
    The nosological diagnosis is a particular type of nontheoretical diagnosis consisting of identifying the disease that afflicts the patient without explaining the underlying etiopathological mechanisms. Its origins are within the essentialist point of view on the nature of diseases, which dates back at least to 18th-century taxonomy studies. In this article, we propose a model of nosological diagnosis as a two-phase process composed of the categorization of inductive inferences and argumentations by analogy. In the inductive phase, disease entities are identified (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Phenomenology of the Invisible: From Visual Syntax to “Shape From Shapes”.Baingio Pinna, Jan Koenderink & Andrea van Doorn - 2015 - Philosophia Scientae 19:127-151.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Formal Ontologies and Semantic Technologies: A “Dual Process” Proposal for Concept Representation.Marcello Frixione & Antonio Lieto - 2014 - Philosophia Scientae 18:139-152.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Subjective Probability as Sampling Propensity.Thomas Icard - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (4):863-903.
    Subjective probability plays an increasingly important role in many fields concerned with human cognition and behavior. Yet there have been significant criticisms of the idea that probabilities could actually be represented in the mind. This paper presents and elaborates a view of subjective probability as a kind of sampling propensity associated with internally represented generative models. The resulting view answers to some of the most well known criticisms of subjective probability, and is also supported by empirical work in neuroscience and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Evidence for a Shared Instrument Prototype From English, Dutch, and German.Lilia Rissman, Saskia Putten & Asifa Majid - 2022 - Wiley: Cognitive Science 46 (5).
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 5, May 2022.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Relationship Between Typicality Ratings and Semantic Characteristics as a Function of Intelligence Level.John J. Winters, David L. Hoats & Harris Kahn - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):195-198.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Linguistic Distributional Knowledge and Sensorimotor Grounding Both Contribute to Semantic Category Production.Briony Banks, Cai Wingfield & Louise Connell - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (10):e13055.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Explicating ‘Explication’ via Conceptual Spaces.Matteo De Benedetto - 2020 - Erkenntnis 87 (2):853-889.
    Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in the method of explication as a procedure for conceptual engineering in philosophy and in science. In the philosophical literature, there has been a lively debate about the different desiderata that a good explicatum has to satisfy. In comparison, the goal of explicating the concept of explication itself has not been central to the philosophical debate. The main aim of this work is to suggest a way of filling this gap by explicating (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Frameworks, Models, and Case Studies: A New Methodology for Studying Conceptual Change in Science and Philosophy.Matteo De Benedetto - 2022 - Dissertation, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
    This thesis focuses on models of conceptual change in science and philosophy. In particular, I developed a new bootstrapping methodology for studying conceptual change, centered around the formalization of several popular models of conceptual change and the collective assessment of their improved formal versions via nine evaluative dimensions. Among the models of conceptual change treated in the thesis are Carnap’s explication, Lakatos’ concept-stretching, Toulmin’s conceptual populations, Waismann’s open texture, Mark Wilson’s patches and facades, Sneed’s structuralism, and Paul Thagard’s conceptual revolutions. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Concepts in Physics: A Comparative Cognitive Analysis of Arabic and French Terminologies.Hicham Lahlou - 2021 - Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Institut Terjemahan & Buku Malaysia Berhad (ITBM).
    This book offers substantial insight into students’ conceptualization of scientific terminology. The current book explores the commonalities and distinctions between Arabic and French physics terms, and the impact of the language disparities on students’ understanding of physics terms. This book adopts a novel approach to the problem of scientific terminology by exploring physics terms’ polysemy, prototypical meanings, and conceptual metaphor and metonymy, which motivates their extension of meaning. The book also investigates how the linguistic discrepancies and other variables affect the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Splitting Concepts.Gualtiero Piccinini & Sam Scott - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):390-409.
    A common presupposition in the concepts literature is that concepts constitute a sin- gular natural kind. If, on the contrary, concepts split into more than one kind, this literature needs to be recast in terms of other kinds of mental representation. We offer two new arguments that concepts, in fact, divide into different kinds: (a) concepts split because different kinds of mental representation, processed independently, must be posited to explain different sets of relevant phenomena; (b) concepts split because different kinds (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  • The Dynamics of Thought.Peter Gardenfors - 2005 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    This volume is a collection of some of the most important philosophical papers by Peter Gärdenfors. Spanning a period of more than 20 years of his research, they cover a wide ground of topics, from early works on decision theory, belief revision and nonmonotonic logic to more recent work on conceptual spaces, inductive reasoning, semantics and the evolutions of thinking. Many of the papers have only been published in places that are difficult to access. The common theme of all the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Book: Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds.Antonio Lieto - 2021 - London, UK: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Ltd.
    Book Description (Blurb): Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds explains the crucial role that human cognition research plays in the design and realization of artificial intelligence systems, illustrating the steps necessary for the design of artificial models of cognition. It bridges the gap between the theoretical, experimental and technological issues addressed in the context of AI of cognitive inspiration and computational cognitive science. -/- Beginning with an overview of the historical, methodological and technical issues in the field of Cognitively-Inspired Artificial Intelligence, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Expectations Orderings, and Conceptual Spaces.Matías Osta-Vélez & Peter Gärdenfors - 2022 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 31 (1):77-97.
    In Gärdenfors and Makinson :197–245, 1994) and Gärdenfors it was shown that it is possible to model nonmonotonic inference using a classical consequence relation plus an expectation-based ordering of formulas. In this article, we argue that this framework can be significantly enriched by adopting a conceptual spaces-based analysis of the role of expectations in reasoning. In particular, we show that this can solve various epistemological issues that surround nonmonotonic and default logics. We propose some formal criteria for constructing and updating (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Pragmatic a Priori Knowledge: A Pragmatic Approach to the Nature and Object of What Can Be Known Independently of Experience.Lauri Järvilehto - 2011 - Jyväskylä University Printing House.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • On the Representation of the Concept of God.Ricardo Sousa Silvestre - 2021 - Philosophia 50 (2):731-755.
    While the failure of the so-called classical theory of concepts—according to which definitions are the proper way to characterize concepts—is a consensus, metaphysical philosophy of religion still deals with the concept of God in a predominantly definitional way. It thus seems fair to ask: Does this failure imply that a definitional characterization of the concept of God is equally untenable? The first purpose of this paper is to answer this question. I focus on the representational side of the matter. My (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Young Children’s Release From Proactive Interference: The Effects of Category Typicality.David F. Bjorklund, Steven C. Smith & Peter A. Ornstein - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (4):211-213.
  • Recognition of Objects by Physical Attributes.D. A. Booth - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):759-760.
    [Comment, pp 759-780] Lockhead (1992) [Target Article] is undoubtedly right to attack so-called intensity scaling or the estimation of subjective magnitudes as an invalid perversion of tasks requiring quantitative judgments of aspects of objects, stuffs, and situations. He goes too far, however, in claiming that feature scales do not exist... ... A perceived physical pattern (sensory feature or channel) and the cognitive process that integrates it with its context are characterized by determining to which particular combination of specified stimulus patterns (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Explicating ‘Explication’ Via Conceptual Spaces.Matteo De Benedetto - 2020 - Annalen der Philosophie 87 (2):853-889.
    Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in the method of explication as a procedure for conceptual engineering in philosophy and in science. In the philosophical literature, there has been a lively debate about the different desiderata that a good explicatum has to satisfy. In comparison, the goal of explicating the concept of explication itself has not been central to the philosophical debate. The main aim of this work is to suggest a way of filling this gap by explicating (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • De L’Hypothese de Sapir-Whorf au Prototype : Sources Et Genese de la Theorie D’Eleanor Rosch.Jean-Michel Fortis - 2010 - Corela. Cognition, Représentation, Langage 8.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Perception and Categorisation of Emotional Stimuli: A Review.Tobias Brosch, Gilles Pourtois & David Sander - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (3):377-400.
  • Concepts as a Working Hypothesis.Samuel D. Taylor - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology (4):569-594.
    Some philosophers argue that all concepts cannot have the same representational structure, because no single kind of representation has been successful in accounting for the phenomena related to the formation and application of concepts. Here, I argue against this “appeal to cognitive science” by demonstrating that different theories of the kind concept cohere with different interpretations of the argument. To circumvent the threat of relativism, I argue that theories of concept should be understood as working hypotheses, which are provisionally accepted (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Importance of Formalizing Computational Models of Face Adaptation Aftereffects.David A. Ross & Thomas J. Palmeri - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Two Dogmas of Empirical Justification.Jack C. Lyons - 2020 - Philosophical Issues 30 (1):221-237.
    Nearly everyone agrees that perception gives us justification and knowledge, and a great number of epistemologists endorse a particular two-part view about how this happens. The view is that perceptual beliefs get their justification from perceptual experiences, and that they do so by being based on them. Despite the ubiquity of these two views, I think that neither has very much going for it; on the contrary, there’s good reason not to believe either one of them.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Metaphor, Simile, and the Exaggeration of Likeness.John Barnden - 2015 - Metaphor and Symbol 30 (1):41-62.
    This article reveals an overlooked way of interpreting sentences like “The Internet is crack [cocaine]” or “Libraries are supermarkets.” Many existing theories of metaphor could apply here. However, they can instead be interpreted in a likeness-exaggerating way, under which “Libraries are supermarkets” is simply an exaggerated way of saying that libraries are like supermarkets to a very high degree. This interpretation option follows from simple, general considerations about exaggeration and likeness scales. In this way it is preferable to the abbreviated-simile (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Cognitive Structure of Social Categories.Kathleen Dahlgren - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (3):379-398.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • A Connectionist Approach to Knowledge Representation and Limited Inference.Lokendra Shastri - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):331-392.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  • Strudel: A Corpus‐Based Semantic Model Based on Properties and Types.Marco Baroni, Brian Murphy, Eduard Barbu & Massimo Poesio - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (2):222-254.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • A Simplicity Principle in Unsupervised Human Categorization.Emmanuel M. Pothos & Nick Chater - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (3):303-343.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  • Typicality, Graded Membership, and Vagueness.James A. Hampton - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):355-384.
  • Shareability: The Social Psychology of Epistemology.Jennifer J. Freyd - 1983 - Cognitive Science 7 (3):191-210.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   72 citations  
  • Interpretation of Scientific or Mathematical Concepts: Cognitive Issues and Instructional Implications.Frederick Reif - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):395-416.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • An Overview of KRL, a Knowledge Representation Language.Daniel G. Bobrow & Terry Winograd - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (1):3-46.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   77 citations  
  • Neoclassical Concepts.Derek Leben - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (1):44-69.
    Linguistic theories of lexical semantics support a Neoclassical Theory of concepts, where entities like CAUSE, STATE, and MANNER serve as necessary conditions for the possession of individual event concepts. Not all concepts have a neoclassical structure, and whether or not words participate in regular linguistic patterns such as verbal alternations will be proposed as a probe for identifying whether their corresponding concepts do indeed have such structure. I show how the Neoclassical Theory supplements existing theories of concepts and supports a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Easy Words: Reference Resolution in a Malevolent Referent World.Lila R. Gleitman & John C. Trueswell - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science (1):22-47.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Semantics of the Transitive Construction: Prototype Effects and Developmental Comparisons.Paul Ibbotson, Anna L. Theakston, Elena V. M. Lieven & Michael Tomasello - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (7):1268-1288.
    This paper investigates whether an abstract linguistic construction shows the kind of prototype effects characteristic of non-linguistic categories, in both adults and young children. Adapting the prototype-plus-distortion methodology of Franks and Bransford (1971), we found that whereas adults were lured toward false-positive recognition of sentences with prototypical transitive semantics, young children showed no such effect. We examined two main implications of the results. First, it adds a novel data point to a growing body of research in cognitive linguistics and construction (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • A Quantitative Empirical Analysis of the Abstract/Concrete Distinction.Felix Hill, Anna Korhonen & Christian Bentz - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (1):162-177.
    This study presents original evidence that abstract and concrete concepts are organized and represented differently in the mind, based on analyses of thousands of concepts in publicly available data sets and computational resources. First, we show that abstract and concrete concepts have differing patterns of association with other concepts. Second, we test recent hypotheses that abstract concepts are organized according to association, whereas concrete concepts are organized according to (semantic) similarity. Third, we present evidence suggesting that concrete representations are more (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Intentionalism About Moods.Angela Mendelovici - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):126-136.
    According to intentionalism, phenomenal properties are identical to, supervenient on, or determined by representational properties. Intentionalism faces a special challenge when it comes to accounting for the phenomenal character of moods. First, it seems that no intentionalist treatment of moods can capture their apparently undirected phenomenology. Second, it seems that even if we can come up with a viable intentionalist account of moods, we would not be able to motivate it in some of the same kinds of ways that intentionalism (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  • A Taxonomy of Part‐Whole Relations.Morton E. Winston, Roger Chaffin & Douglas Herrmann - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):417-444.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  • The Notion of Dynamic Unit: Conceptual Developments in Cognitive Science.Nili Mandelblit & Oron Zachar - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (2):229-268.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • The Logic of Plausible Reasoning: A Core Theory.Allan Collins & Ryszard Michalski - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):1-49.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   93 citations  
  • Learning Words From Sights and Sounds: A Computational Model.Deb K. Roy & Alex P. Pentland - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (1):113-146.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  • What Does It Mean to Understand Language?Terry Winograd - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (3):209-241.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Models of Concepts.Benjamin Cohen & Gregory L. Murphy - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (1):27-58.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  • Do Americans Have a Preference for Rule‐Based Classification?Gregory L. Murphy, David A. Bosch & ShinWoo Kim - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2026-2052.
    Six experiments investigated variables predicted to influence subjects’ tendency to classify items by a single property instead of overall similarity, following the paradigm of Norenzayan et al., who found that European Americans tended to give more “logical” rule-based responses. However, in five experiments with Mechanical Turk subjects and undergraduates at an American university, we found a consistent preference for similarity-based responding. A sixth experiment with Korean undergraduates revealed an effect of instructions, also reported by Norenzayan et al., in which classification (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Inference Is Bliss: Using Evolutionary Relationship to Guide Categorical Inferences.Laura R. Novick, Kefyn M. Catley & Daniel J. Funk - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (4):712-743.
    Three experiments, adopting an evolutionary biology perspective, investigated subjects’ inferences about living things. Subjects were told that different enzymes help regulate cell function in two taxa and asked which enzyme a third taxon most likely uses. Experiment 1 and its follow-up, with college students, used triads involving amphibians, reptiles, and mammals (reptiles and mammals are most closely related evolutionarily) and plants, fungi, and animals (fungi are more closely related to animals than to plants). Experiment 2, with 10th graders, also included (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Modeling Mental Spatial Reasoning About Cardinal Directions.Holger Schultheis, Sven Bertel & Thomas Barkowsky - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (8):1521-1561.
    This article presents research into human mental spatial reasoning with orientation knowledge. In particular, we look at reasoning problems about cardinal directions that possess multiple valid solutions , at human preferences for some of these solutions, and at representational and procedural factors that lead to such preferences. The article presents, first, a discussion of existing, related conceptual and computational approaches; second, results of empirical research into the solution preferences that human reasoners actually have; and, third, a novel computational model that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Evolution of Emotion Semantics.Aotao Xu, Jennifer E. Stellar & Yang Xu - 2021 - Cognition 217:104875.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark