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Karl Popper: Philosophy and Problems

Cambridge University Press (1995)

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  1. Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment.Nicholas Maxwell - 2017 - London: UCL Press.
    Karl Popper is famous for having proposed that science advances by a process of conjecture and refutation. He is also famous for defending the open society against what he saw as its arch enemies – Plato and Marx. Popper’s contributions to thought are of profound importance, but they are not the last word on the subject. They need to be improved. My concern in this book is to spell out what is of greatest importance in Popper’s work, what its failings (...)
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  • Second Response to Paul Needham.Eric R. Scerri - 2000 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (3):307 – 315.
  • Popper and Nursing Theory.Peter Allmark - 2003 - Nursing Philosophy 4 (1):4-16.
    Science seems to develop by inducing new knowledge from observation. However, it is hard to find a rational justification for induction. Popper offers one attempt to resolve this problem. Nursing theorists have tended to ignore or reject Popper, often on the false belief that he is a logical positivist (and hence hostile to qualitative research). Logical positivism claims that meaningful sentences containing any empirical content should ultimately be reducible to simple, observation statements. Popper refutes positivism by showing that there are (...)
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  • The Methodological Limitations of Popper's Research Program on "Open Society".Alireza Ismailzad - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 3 (214):1-28.
    K. R. Popper, because of his standpoints on philosophy and methodology of science and also his attitudes on political thought, has gained a dignity in history of ideas of the twentieth century. Popper's significant contribution to philosophy of science is mainly concerned with the critique of "Inductionism" and defense of "Falsifiability "; and his significant contribution to political science is rooted in his defense of "Open Society". His emphasis is on "critical rationalism" in both methodology of science and political thought. (...)
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  • The Distinction Between Falsification and Refutation in the Demarcation Problem of Karl Popper.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Despite the criticism of Karl Popper's falsifiability theory for the demarcation between science and non-science, mainly pseudo-science, this criterion is still very useful, and perfectly valid after it was perfected by Popper and his followers. Moreover, even in his original version, considered by Lakatos as "dogmatic", Popper did not assert that this methodology is an absolute demarcation criterion: a single counter-example is not enough to falsify a theory; a theory can legitimately be saved from falsification by introducing an auxiliary hypothesis. (...)
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  • Criticism of Falsifiability.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Thomas Kuhn criticized falsifiability because it characterized "the entire scientific enterprise in terms that apply only to its occasional revolutionary parts," and it cannot be generalized. In Kuhn's view, a delimitation criterion must refer to the functioning of normal science. Kuhn objects to Popper's entire theory and excludes any possibility of rational reconstruction of the development of science. Imre Lakatos said that if a theory is scientific or non-scientific, it can be determined independently of the facts.He proposed a modification of (...)
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