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Lexical Meaning

Cambridge University Press (2010)

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  1. Communication and Content.Prashant Parikh - 2019 - Berlin, Germany: Language Science Press.
    Communication and content presents a comprehensive and foundational account of meaning based on new versions of situation theory and game theory. The literal and implied meanings of an utterance are derived from first principles assuming little more than the partial rationality of interacting agents. New analyses of a number of diverse phenomena – a wide notion of ambiguity and content encompassing phonetics, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and beyond, vagueness, convention and conventional meaning, indeterminacy, universality, the role of truth in communication, semantic (...)
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  • A Pluralistic Theory of Wordhood.Luca Gasparri - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    What are words and how should we individuate them? There are two main answers on the philosophical market. For some, words are bundles of structural-functional features defining a unique performance profile. For others, words are non-eternal continuants individuated by their causal-historical ancestry. These conceptions offer competing views of the nature of words, and it seems natural to assume that at most one of them can capture the essence of wordhood. This paper makes a case for pluralism about wordhood: the view (...)
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  • Why the Cognitive Science of Religion Cannot Rescue ‘Spiritual Care’.John Paley - 2015 - Nursing Philosophy 16 (4):213-225.
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  • The Linguistic Dimensions of Concrete and Abstract Concepts: Lexical Category, Morphological Structure, Countability, and Etymology.Bodo Winter, Marianna Bolognesi & Francesca Strik Lievers - 2021 - Cognitive Linguistics 32 (4):641-670.
    The distinction between abstract and concrete concepts is fundamental to cognitive linguistics and cognitive science. This distinction is commonly operationalized through concreteness ratings based on the aggregated judgments of many people. What is often overlooked in experimental studies using this operationalization is that ratings are attributed to words, not to concepts directly. In this paper we explore the relationship between the linguistic properties of English words and conceptual abstractness/concreteness. Based on hypotheses stated in the existing linguistic literature we select a (...)
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  • Psychopathy: Morally Incapacitated Persons.Heidi Maibom - 2017 - In Thomas Schramme & Steven Edwards (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 1109-1129.
    After describing the disorder of psychopathy, I examine the theories and the evidence concerning the psychopaths’ deficient moral capacities. I first examine whether or not psychopaths can pass tests of moral knowledge. Most of the evidence suggests that they can. If there is a lack of moral understanding, then it has to be due to an incapacity that affects not their declarative knowledge of moral norms, but their deeper understanding of them. I then examine two suggestions: it is their deficient (...)
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  • Conventions and Their Role in Language.M. J. Cain - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (1):137-158.
    Two of the most fundamental questions about language are these: what are languages?; and, what is it to know a given language? Many philosophers who have reflected on these questions have presented answers that attribute a central role to conventions. In one of its boldest forms such a view runs as follows. Languages are either social entities constituted by networks of social conventions or abstract objects where when a particular community speaks a given language they do so in virtue of (...)
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  • The Notion of Homonymy, Synonymy, Multivocity, and Pros Hen in Aristotle.Niels Tolkiehn - 2019 - Dissertation, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
    This doctoral thesis addresses a group of conceptual instruments that are central to Aristotle's philosophy, namely, the concepts of pros hen, homonymy, synonymy and multivocity. These instruments are crucial to many of Aristotle's works as he devotes himself to analysing the key notions in each of his investigations using these instruments. Despite the undisputable importance of these instruments, they display severe interpretative problems, which this thesis critically evaluates. The currently established view on the relationship between homonymy and multivocity is discussed (...)
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  • Minimal Semantics and Word Sense Disambiguation.Luca Gasparri - 2014 - Disputatio 6 (39):147-171.
    Emma Borg has defined semantic minimalism as the thesis that the literal content of well-formed declarative sentences is truth-evaluable, fully determined by their lexico-syntactic features, and recoverable by language users with no need to access non-linguistic information. The task of this article is threefold. First, I shall raise a criticism to Borg’s minimalism based on how speakers disambiguate homonymy. Second, I will explore some ways Borg might respond to my argument and maintain that none of them offers a conclusive reply (...)
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  • El arte de volar en ovidio: El efecto de Los preverbios sobre un verbo de manera de moverse.Ana Lorena Nieto Manini - 2018 - Argos 41:e0001.
    Desde un marco lingüístico funcional y cognitivo, se estudia el efecto de los preverbios añadidos en un Verbo de Manera de Moverse: volare. El corpus se establece desde toda la obra poética de Ovidio a partir del estudio de la diferencia semántica y gramatical de volare en forma simple y compuesta y la alteración de la telicidad y transitivación de las cláusulas.El latín es una lengua de marco por satélite y por lo tanto la añadidura de preverbios corroborará o no (...)
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  • La colusión del papel higiénico: campos léxicos en los comentarios de un diario chileno.Claudio Araya Seguel - 2016 - Logos: Revista de Lingüística, Filosofía y Literatura 26 (2):137-147.
    En octubre del año 2015 se destapó en Chile el denominado caso de colusión del papel higiénico. Dado lo reciente del suceso, no existen trabajos que analicen este evento, que causó gran conmoción social, desde un punto de vista léxico. Con el objetivo de analizar el discurso subyacente a este evento, en este trabajo se examinaron un conjunto de comentarios vinculados a dos noticias aparecidas en el diario La Tercera. A partir de la configuración de los campos léxicos presentes en (...)
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  • Word Meaning.Luca Gasparri & Diego Marconi - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.