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  1. Easy on the Mind, Easy on the Wrongdoer? No Evidence for Perceptual Fluency Effects on Moral Wrongness Ratings.Lena Nadarevic & Meike Kroneisen - 2020 - Cognition 196 (C):104156.
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  • Foreign Language Effect in Decision-Making: How Foreign is It?Michele Miozzo, Eduardo Navarrete, Martino Ongis, Enrica Mello, Vittorio Girotto & Francesca Peressotti - 2020 - Cognition 199 (C):104245.
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  • Question Design Affects Students' Sense‐Making on Mathematics Word Problems.Patrick K. Kirkland & Nicole M. McNeil - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12960.
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  • The Bat-and-Ball Problem: A Word-Problem Debiasing Approach.Jerome D. Hoover & Alice F. Healy - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-32.
    Three experiments explored the effects of word problem cueing on debiasing versions of the bat-and-ball problem. In the experimental condition order, participants solved a simpler isomorphic versio...
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  • Flexible yet Fair: Blinding Analyses in Experimental Psychology.Gilles Dutilh, Alexandra Sarafoglou & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2019 - Synthese 198 (S23):5745-5772.
    The replicability of findings in experimental psychology can be improved by distinguishing sharply between hypothesis-generating research and hypothesis-testing research. This distinction can be achieved by preregistration, a method that has recently attracted widespread attention. Although preregistration is fair in the sense that it inoculates researchers against hindsight bias and confirmation bias, preregistration does not allow researchers to analyze the data flexibly without the analysis being demoted to exploratory. To alleviate this concern we discuss how researchers may conduct blinded analyses. As (...)
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  • Elaborative Feedback and Instruction Improve Cognitive Reflection but Do Not Transfer to Related Tasks.Dustin P. Calvillo, Jonathan Bratton, Victoria Velazquez, Thomas J. Smelter & Danielle Crum - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-29.
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  • Reflective Reasoning & Philosophy.Nick Byrd - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (11):e12786.
    Philosophy is a reflective activity. So perhaps it is unsurprising that many philosophers have claimed that reflection plays an important role in shaping and even improving our philosophical thinking. This hypothesis seems plausible given that training in philosophy has correlated with better performance on tests of reflection and reflective reasoning has correlated with demonstrably better judgments in a variety of domains. This article reviews the hypothesized roles of reflection in philosophical thinking as well as the empirical evidence for these roles. (...)
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  • Great Minds Do Not Think Alike: Philosophers’ Views Predicted By Reflection, Education, Personality, And Other Demographic Differences.Nick Byrd - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-38.
    Prior research found correlations between reflection test performance and philosophical tendencies among laypeople. In two large studies (total N = 1299)—one pre-registered—many of these correlations were replicated in a sample that included both laypeople and philosophers. For example, reflection test performance predicted preferring atheism over theism and instrumental harm over harm avoidance on the trolley problem. However, most reflection-philosophy correlations were undetected when controlling for other factors such as numeracy, preferences for open-minded thinking, personality, philosophical training, age, and gender. Nonetheless, (...)
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  • Limits of the Foreign Language Effect: Intertemporal Choice.Michał Białek, Artur Domurat, Mariola Paruzel-Czachura & Rafał Muda - 2022 - Thinking and Reasoning 28 (1):97-124.
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  • Disfluent Fonts Do Not Help People to Solve Math and Non-Math Problems Regardless of Their Numeracy.Miroslav Sirota, Andriana Theodoropoulou & Marie Juanchich - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 27 (1):142-159.
    Prior research has suggested that perceptual disfluency activates analytical processing and increases the solution rate of mathematical problems with appealing but incorrect answers (i.e., the Cogn...
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