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  1. The Ethical Anatomy of Payment for Research Participants.Joanna Różyńska - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (3):449-464.
    In contrast to most publications on the ethics of paying research subjects, which start by identifying and analyzing major ethical concerns raised by the practice and end with a set of—more or less well-justified—ethical recommendations for using payment schemes immune to these problems, this paper offers a systematic, principle-based ethical analysis of the practice. It argues that researchers have a prima facie moral obligation to offer payment to research subjects, which stems from the principle of social beneficence. This principle constitutes (...)
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  • “Paid to Endure”: Paid Research Participation, Passivity, and the Goods of Work.Erik Malmqvist - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):11-20.
    A growing literature documents the existence of individuals who make a living by participating in phase I clinical trials for money. Several scholars have noted that the concerns about risks, consent, and exploitation raised by this phenomenon apply to many jobs, too, and therefore proposed improving subject protections by regulating phase I trial participation as work. This article contributes to the debate over this proposal by exploring a largely neglected worry. Unlike most workers, subjects are not paid to produce or (...)
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  • For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics.Alex John London - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    The foundations of research ethics are riven with fault lines emanating from a fear that if research is too closely connected to weighty social purposes an imperative to advance the common good through research will justify abrogating the rights and welfare of study participants. The result is an impoverished conception of the nature of research, an incomplete focus on actors who bear important moral responsibilities, and a system of ethics and oversight highly attuned to the dangers of research but largely (...)
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  • Philosophical Approaches to Work and Labor.Michael Cholbi - 2022 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Introduction Conceptual Distinctions: Work, Labor, Employment, Leisure The Value of Work and the ‘Anti-Work’ Critique Work, Meaning, and Dignity Work and Distributive Justice Work and Contributive Justice Work and Productive Justice Work and its Future BIBLIOGRAPHY .
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  • Risk, Double Effect and the Social Benefit Requirement.Robert C. Hughes - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):29-29.
    Many ethicists maintain that medical research on human subjects that presents no prospect of direct medical benefit must have a prospect of social benefit to be ethical. Payment is not the sort of benefit that justifies exposing subjects to risk. Alan Wertheimer has raised a serious challenge to this view, pointing out that in industry, social value is not considered necessary to make dangerous jobs ethical. This article argues that Wertheimer was correct to think that the ethics of hazard pay (...)
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  • The Exploitation of Professional “Guinea Pigs” in the Gig Economy: The Difficult Road From Consent to Justice.Roberto Abadie - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):37-39.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 37-39.
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  • Coercive Offers Without Coercion as Subjection.William R. Smith & Benjamin Rossi - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):64-66.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 64-66.
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  • “Paid to Produce Data:” Research Participation as the Labor of Generating Valuable Health Data.Robert C. Miller & Marielle S. Gross - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):50-52.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 50-52.
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  • Is Being “Paid to Endure” Compatible With Autonomy? Paid Research Participation and Five (Rather Than Four) Goods of Work.Sven Nyholm & Jilles Smids - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):41-43.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 41-43.
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  • The Coercer’s Role in Coercion.Scott A. Anderson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):39-41.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 39-41.
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  • Freedom From Subjection to the Will of Others: Study Payments, Labor, and Moral Equality.Alex John London - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):32-34.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 32-34.
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  • Filthy Lucre or Fitting Offer? Understanding Worries About Payments to Research Participants.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Emily A. Largent - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):1-4.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 1-4.
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  • A Proposal for Fair Compensation for Research Participants.Emily E. Anderson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):62-64.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 62-64.
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  • Clinical Ultimatums: Coercion as Subjection.Jennifer S. Blumenthal-Barby, Mollie Gordon, John H. Coverdale & C. Maxwell Shannon - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):54-56.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 54-56.
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  • Meaningful Work Is Indeed a Matter of Distributive Justice.Adrian Walsh - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):52-54.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 52-54.
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  • Working for the Weekend Is Not Meaningful Work.Charles Weijer & Mackenzie Graham - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):48-50.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 48-50.
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  • Passivity, Research Risks, and Worker-Type Protections for Research Subjects.Joanna Różyńska - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):46-48.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 46-48.
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  • Partnering, Not Enduring: Citizen Science and Research Participation.Lisa M. Rasmussen & Toby Schonfeld - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):44-45.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 44-45.
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  • Research Payment and Its Social Justice Concerns.Jill A. Fisher - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):35-36.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 35-36.
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  • The Continued Complexities of Paying Research Participants.Christine Grady - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):5-7.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 5-7.
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