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  1. Values at Stake at the End of Life: Analyses of Personal Preferences Among Swedish Physicians.Niels Lynøe, Anna Lindblad, Ingemar Engström, Mikael Sandlund & Niklas Juth - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092210773.
    Background Physician-assisted suicide is a controversial issue and has sometimes raised emotion-laden reactions. Against this backdrop, we have analyzed how Swedish physicians are reasoning about physician-assisted suicide if it were to be legalized. Methods and participants We conducted a cross-sectional study and analyzed 819 randomly selected physicians’ responses from general practitioners, geriatricians, internists, oncologists, psychiatrists, surgeons, and all palliativists. Apart from the main questions about their attitude toward physician-assisted suicide, we also asked what would happen with the respondents’ own trust (...)
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  • A Taxonomy of Conscientious Objection in Healthcare.Nathan Gamble & Toni Saad - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (1):63-70.
    Conscientious Objection has become a highly contested topic in the bioethics literature and public policy. However, when CO is discussed, it is almost universally referred to as a single entity. Reality reveals a more nuanced picture. Healthcare professionals may object to a given action on numerous grounds. They may oppose an action because of its ends, its means, or because of factors that lay outside of both ends and means. Our paper develops a taxonomy of CO, which makes it possible (...)
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  • Should Institutional Conscientious Objection to Assisted Dying Be Accommodated?Jeffrey Kirby - 2021 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 4 (1).
    The contentious, topical debate about whether faith-based health care organizations should be granted accommodation on the basis of institutional conscientious objection to medical assistance is dying is addressed through a comparative analysis of arguments on both sides of the issue that references such relevant considerations as: claimed ‘moral-authority’, competing rights-based claims, obligations arising from patient welfare principles, formal justice, dissimilarity in consequences, and two illustrative arguments from analogy. The analysis leads to the conclusion that nonconditional accommodation on the basis of (...)
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  • Beyond Duty: Medical “Heroes” and the COVID-19 Pandemic.Wendy Lipworth - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):723-730.
    When infectious disease outbreaks strike, health facilities acquire labels such as “war zones” and “battlefields” and healthcare professionals become “heroes” on the “front line.” But unlike soldiers, healthcare professionals often take on these dangerous roles without any prior intention or explicit expectation that their work will place them in grave personal danger. This inevitably raises questions about their role-related obligations and whether they should be free to choose not to endanger themselves. In this article, I argue that it is helpful (...)
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  • Refusals to perform ritual circumcision: a qualitative study of doctors’ professional and ethical reasoning.Liv Astrid Litleskare, Mette Tolås Strander, Reidun Førde & Morten Magelssen - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-7.
    Ritual circumcision of infant boys is controversial in Norway, as in many other countries. The procedure became a part of Norwegian public health services in 2015. A new law opened for conscientious objection to the procedure. We have studied physicians’ refusals to perform ritual circumcision as an issue of professional ethics. Qualitative interview study with 10 urologists who refused to perform ritual circumcision from six Norwegian public hospitals. Interviews were recorded and transcribed, then analysed with systematic text condensation, a qualitative (...)
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