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  1. Human Rights and Positive Corporate Duties: The Importance of Corporate–State Interaction.Ivar Kolstad - 2012 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (3):276-285.
    While it is commonly accepted that corporations have negative duties to respect human rights, the question of whether rights also imply positive duties for corporations is contentious. The recent reports of the United Nations special representative on business and human rights contend that corporations do not have positive duties, but the arguments this is based on are flawed from an ethical point of view. In particular, the reports fail to consider the implications of interactions between corporations and states. For rights (...)
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  • Responsibilities for Human Capabilities: Avoiding a Comprehensive Global Program. [REVIEW]Ville Päivänsalo - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (4):565-579.
    Violence, poverty, and illness are all too prevalent in our world. In order to alleviate their hold systematically, we need normative schemes with a global reach and with definite responsibilities. Martha Nussbaum’s human capabilities theory (Martha Nussbaum 2006) provides us with an insightful example. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (The United Nations 1948), however, already includes most of the human capabilities central to Nussbaum’s theory, and violence, poverty, and illness usually appear as objectionable enough without any additional reference to (...)
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  • Human Rights and Positive Corporate Duties: The Importance of Corporate-State Interaction.Ivar Kolstad - 2012 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (3):276-285.
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  • Environmental Ethics and Responsibilities for Multinational Corporations - The Nigeria Niger Delta Case.Kalu Ikechukwu Kalu - unknown
    This research is a paradigm case of sustainability science being applied to the oil-producing Nigeria Niger Delta. Thus, this research focuses on ethical issues in environmental pollution and multinational oil corporations specifically, the oil and gas industries in the resource-rich region of the Nigerian Niger Delta. Since the discovery of oil deposits and its subsequent exploratory activities on June 01, 1956, the oil-producing wetland has been marred with tripartite major variables of issues of responsibility issues of environmental and social injustice (...)
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  • Corruption as Violation of Distributed Ethical Obligations.Ivar Kolstad - 2012 - Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):239-250.
    The ethics of corruption cannot be analysed without simultaneously addressing the legitimacy of public office or entrusted power. This paper introduces a concept of core unethical corruption, defined as violations of distributed ethical obligations for private gain. In other words, it is suggested that what is ethically wrong with corruption is that it entails the violation of certain obligations attributed to agents. By explicitly relating corruption to obligations, this approach helps make ethical sense of the concepts of public office or (...)
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