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  1. Proofs and Retributions, Or: Why Sarah Can’T Take Limits.Vladimir Kanovei, Karin U. Katz, Mikhail G. Katz & Mary Schaps - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (1):1-25.
    The small, the tiny, and the infinitesimal have been the object of both fascination and vilification for millenia. One of the most vitriolic reviews in mathematics was that written by Errett Bishop about Keisler’s book Elementary Calculus: an Infinitesimal Approach. In this skit we investigate both the argument itself, and some of its roots in Bishop George Berkeley’s criticism of Leibnizian and Newtonian Calculus. We also explore some of the consequences to students for whom the infinitesimal approach is congenial. The (...)
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  • Internality, Transfer, and Infinitesimal Modeling of Infinite Processes†.Emanuele Bottazzi & Mikhail G. Katz - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica.
    ABSTRACTA probability model is underdetermined when there is no rational reason to assign a particular infinitesimal value as the probability of single events. Pruss claims that hyperreal probabilities are underdetermined. The claim is based upon external hyperreal-valued measures. We show that internal hyperfinite measures are not underdetermined. The importance of internality stems from the fact that Robinson’s transfer principle only applies to internal entities. We also evaluate the claim that transferless ordered fields may have advantages over hyperreals in probabilistic modeling. (...)
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