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  1. Dynamic Integration of Pragmatic Expectations and Real-World Event Knowledge in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution.Klinton Bicknell & Hannah Rohde - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1216--1221.
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  • Resolution of Quantifier Scope Ambiguities.Howard S. Kurtzman & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):243-279.
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  • Single‐Stage Prediction Models Do Not Explain the Magnitude of Syntactic Disambiguation Difficulty.Marten van Schijndel & Tal Linzen - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12988.
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  • An Event-Related Potentials Study on the Syntactic Transfer Effect of Late Language Learners.Taiping Deng, Dongping Deng & Qing Feng - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study explored the syntactic transfer effect of the non-local subject-verb agreement structure with plural head noun after two intensive phases of input training with event-related potentials. The non-local subject-verb agreement stimuli with the plural head nouns, which never appeared in training phases, were used for the stimuli. A total of 26 late L1-Chinese L2-English learners, who began to learn English after a critical period and participated in our previous experiments, were asked back to take part in this syntactic transfer (...)
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  • Consequences of the Serial Nature of Linguistic Input for Sentenial Complexity.Daniel Grodner & Edward Gibson - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (2):261-290.
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  • An On‐Line Study of Japanese Nesting Complexity.Kentaro Nakatani & Edward Gibson - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (1):94-112.
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  • A Probabilistic Model of Semantic Plausibility in Sentence Processing.Ulrike Padó, Matthew W. Crocker & Frank Keller - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):794-838.
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  • Employing General Linguistic Knowledge in Incidental Acquisition of Grammatical Properties of New L1 and L2 Lexical Representations: Toward Reducing Fuzziness in the Initial Ontogenetic Stage. [REVIEW]Denisa Bordag & Andreas Opitz - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The study explores the degree to which readers can use their previous linguistic knowledge, which goes beyond the immediate evidence in the input, to create mental representations of new words and how the employment of this knowledge may reduce the fuzziness of the new representations. Using self-paced reading, initial representations of novel identical forms with different grammatical functions were compared in native German speakers and advanced L2 German learners with L1 Czech. The results reveal that although both groups can employ (...)
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  • A Self-Organized Sentence Processing Theory of Gradience: The Case of Islands.Sandra Villata & Whitney Tabor - 2022 - Cognition 222:104943.
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  • Processing Relative Clauses in Supportive Contexts.Evelina Fedorenko, Steve Piantadosi & Edward Gibson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (3):471-497.
    Results from two self-paced reading experiments in English are reported in which subject- and object-extracted relative clauses (SRCs and ORCs, respectively) were presented in contexts that support both types of relative clauses (RCs). Object-extracted versions were read more slowly than subject-extracted versions across both experiments. These results are not consistent with a decay-based working memory account of dependency formation where the amount of decay is a function of the number of new discourse referents that intervene between the dependents (Gibson, 1998; (...)
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  • Uncertainty Reduction as a Measure of Cognitive Load in Sentence Comprehension.Stefan L. Frank - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):475-494.
    The entropy-reduction hypothesis claims that the cognitive processing difficulty on a word in sentence context is determined by the word's effect on the uncertainty about the sentence. Here, this hypothesis is tested more thoroughly than has been done before, using a recurrent neural network for estimating entropy and self-paced reading for obtaining measures of cognitive processing load. Results show a positive relation between reading time on a word and the reduction in entropy due to processing that word, supporting the entropy-reduction (...)
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  • How WM Load Influences Linguistic Processing in Adults: A Computational Model of Pronoun Interpretation in Discourse.Jacolien Rij, Hedderik Rijn & Petra Hendriks - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):564-580.
    This paper presents a study of the effect of working memory load on the interpretation of pronouns in different discourse contexts: stories with and without a topic shift. We discuss a computational model (in ACT-R, Anderson, 2007) to explain how referring expressions are acquired and used. On the basis of simulations of this model, it is predicted that WM constraints only affect adults' pronoun resolution in stories with a topic shift, but not in stories without a topic shift. This latter (...)
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  • Direct Evidence of Memory Retrieval as a Source of Difficulty in Non-Local Dependencies in Language.Evelina Fedorenko, Rebecca Woodbury & Edward Gibson - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):378-394.
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  • Cross‐Linguistic Differences in Processing Double‐Embedded Relative Clauses: Working‐Memory Constraints or Language Statistics?Stefan L. Frank, Thijs Trompenaars & Shravan Vasishth - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):554-578.
    An English double-embedded relative clause from which the middle verb is omitted can often be processed more easily than its grammatical counterpart, a phenomenon known as the grammaticality illusion. This effect has been found to be reversed in German, suggesting that the illusion is language specific rather than a consequence of universal working memory constraints. We present results from three self-paced reading experiments which show that Dutch native speakers also do not show the grammaticality illusion in Dutch, whereas both German (...)
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  • Redefining “Learning” in Statistical Learning: What Does an Online Measure Reveal About the Assimilation of Visual Regularities?Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts, Ofer Kronenfeld & Ram Frost - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):692-727.
    From a theoretical perspective, most discussions of statistical learning have focused on the possible “statistical” properties that are the object of learning. Much less attention has been given to defining what “learning” is in the context of “statistical learning.” One major difficulty is that SL research has been monitoring participants’ performance in laboratory settings with a strikingly narrow set of tasks, where learning is typically assessed offline, through a set of two-alternative-forced-choice questions, which follow a brief visual or auditory familiarization (...)
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  • Exploratory and Confirmatory Analyses in Sentence Processing: A Case Study of Number Interference in German.Bruno Nicenboim, Shravan Vasishth, Felix Engelmann & Katja Suckow - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1075-1100.
    Given the replication crisis in cognitive science, it is important to consider what researchers need to do in order to report results that are reliable. We consider three changes in current practice that have the potential to deliver more realistic and robust claims. First, the planned experiment should be divided into two stages, an exploratory stage and a confirmatory stage. This clear separation allows the researcher to check whether any results found in the exploratory stage are robust. The second change (...)
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  • Uncertainty and Expectation in Sentence Processing: Evidence From Subcategorization Distributions.Tal Linzen & T. Florian Jaeger - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1382-1411.
    There is now considerable evidence that human sentence processing is expectation based: As people read a sentence, they use their statistical experience with their language to generate predictions about upcoming syntactic structure. This study examines how sentence processing is affected by readers' uncertainty about those expectations. In a self-paced reading study, we use lexical subcategorization distributions to factorially manipulate both the strength of expectations and the uncertainty about them. We compare two types of uncertainty: uncertainty about the verb's complement, reflecting (...)
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  • Accommodating Presuppositions Is Inappropriate in Implausible Contexts.Raj Singh, Evelina Fedorenko, Kyle Mahowald & Edward Gibson - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):607-634.
    According to one view of linguistic information, a speaker can convey contextually new information in one of two ways: by asserting the content as new information; or by presupposing the content as given information which would then have to be accommodated. This distinction predicts that it is conversationally more appropriate to assert implausible information rather than presuppose it. A second view rejects the assumption that presuppositions are accommodated; instead, presuppositions are assimilated into asserted content and both are correspondingly open to (...)
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  • Sequential Expectations: The Role of Prediction‐Based Learning in Language.Jennifer B. Misyak, Morten H. Christiansen & J. Bruce Tomblin - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):138-153.
  • Expecting Irony: Context Versus Salience-Based Effects.Rachel Giora, Ofer Fein, Dafna Laadan, Joe Wolfson, Michal Zeituny, Ran Kidron, Ronie Kaufman & Ronit Shaham - 2007 - Metaphor and Symbol 22 (2):119-146.
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  • Perspectival Plurality, Relativism, and Multiple Indexing.Dan Zeman - 2018 - In Rob Truswell, Chris Cummins, Caroline Heycock, Brian Rabern & Hannah Rohde (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Vol. 2. Semantics Archives. pp. 1353-1370.
    In this paper I focus on a recently discussed phenomenon illustrated by sentences containing predicates of taste: the phenomenon of " perspectival plurality " , whereby sentences containing two or more predicates of taste have readings according to which each predicate pertains to a different perspective. This phenomenon has been shown to be problematic for (at least certain versions of) relativism. My main aim is to further the discussion by showing that the phenomenon extends to other perspectival expressions than predicates (...)
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  • Conflict Monitoring in Dual Process Theories of Thinking.Wim De Neys & Tamara Glumicic - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1248-1299.
  • Increases in Perspective Embedding Increase Reading Time Even with Typical Text Presentation: Implications for the Reading of Literature.D. H. Whalen, Lisa Zunshine & Michael Holquist - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • How WM Load Influences Linguistic Processing in Adults: A Computational Model of Pronoun Interpretation in Discourse.Jacolien van Rij, Hedderik van Rijn & Petra Hendriks - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):564-580.
    This paper presents a study of the effect of working memory load on the interpretation of pronouns in different discourse contexts: stories with and without a topic shift. We discuss a computational model (in ACT‐R, Anderson, 2007) to explain how referring expressions are acquired and used. On the basis of simulations of this model, it is predicted that WM constraints only affect adults' pronoun resolution in stories with a topic shift, but not in stories without a topic shift. This latter (...)
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  • Information Structure and Word Order Canonicity in the Comprehension of Spanish Texts: An Eye-Tracking Study.Carolina A. Gattei, Luis A. París & Diego E. Shalom - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Word order alternation has been described as one of the most productive information structure markers and discourse organizers across languages. Psycholinguistic evidence has shown that word order is a crucial cue for argument interpretation. Previous studies about Spanish sentence comprehension have shown greater difficulty to parse sentences that present a word order that does not respect the order of participants of the verb's lexico-semantic structure, irrespective to whether the sentences follow the canonical word order of the language or not. This (...)
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  • Assessing Intervention Effects in Sentence Processing: Object Relatives Vs. Subject Control.João Delgado, Ana Raposo & Ana Lúcia Santos - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Object relative clauses are harder to process than subject relative clauses. Under Grillo’s Generalized Minimality framework, complexity effects of object relatives are construed as intervention effects, which result from an interaction between locality constraints on movement and the sentence processing system. Specifically, intervention of the subject DP in the movement dependency is expected to generate a minimality violation whenever processing limitations render the moved object underspecified, resulting in compromised comprehension. In the present study, assuming Generalized Minimality, we compared the processing (...)
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  • Processing Relative Clauses in Chinese.Franny Hsiao & Edward Gibson - 2003 - Cognition 90 (1):3-27.
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  • Attraction Effects for Verbal Gender and Number Are Similar but Not Identical: Self-Paced Reading Evidence From Modern Standard Arabic.Matthew A. Tucker, Ali Idrissi & Diogo Almeida - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Previous work on the comprehension of agreement has shown that incorrectly inflected verbs do not trigger responses typically seen with fully ungrammatical verbs when the preceding sentential context furnishes a possibly matching distractor noun. We report eight studies, three being direct replications, designed to assess the degree of similarity of these errors in the comprehension of subject-verb agreement along the dimensions of grammatical gender and number in Modern Standard Arabic. A meta-analysis of the results demonstrate the presence of agreement attraction (...)
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  • Effects of Working Memory Capacity and Tasks in Processing L2 Complex Sentence: Evidence From Chinese-English Bilinguals.Huixia Zhou, Sonja Rossi & Baoguo Chen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Preference for Object Relative Clauses in Chinese Sentence Comprehension: Evidence From Online Self-Paced Reading Time.Kunyu Xu, Jeng-Ren Duann, Daisy L. Hung & Denise H. Wu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Encoding and Retrieval Interference in Sentence Comprehension: Evidence From Agreement.Sandra Villata, Whitney Tabor & Julie Franck - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  • Representing Number in the Real-Time Processing of Agreement: Self-Paced Reading Evidence From Arabic.Matthew A. Tucker, Ali Idrissi & Diogo Almeida - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Elaboration Over a Discourse Facilitates Retrieval in Sentence Processing.Melissa Troyer, Philip Hofmeister & Marta Kutas - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Semantic and Syntactic Interference in Sentence Comprehension: A Comparison of Working Memory Models.Yingying Tan, Randi C. Martin & Julie A. Van Dyke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Cross-Linguistic Evidence for Memory Storage Costs in Filler-Gap Dependencies with Wh-Adjuncts.Arthur Stepanov & Penka Stateva - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Late Bilinguals Are Sensitive to Unique Aspects of Second Language Processing: Evidence From Clitic Pronouns Word-Order.Eleonora Rossi, Michele Diaz, Judith F. Kroll & Paola E. Dussias - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • The Predictive Value of Tagalog Voice Morphology in Filler-Gap Dependency Formation.Jed Sam Pizarro-Guevara & Matthew Wagers - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Filling the Silence: Reactivation, Not Reconstruction.Dario L. J. F. Paape - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Hyper-Active Gap Filling.Akira Omaki, Ellen F. Lau, Imogen Davidson White, Myles L. Dakan, Aaron Apple & Colin Phillips - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • Silent Reading Fluency and Comprehension in Bilingual Children.Beth A. O'Brien & Sebastian Wallot - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • When High-Capacity Readers Slow Down and Low-Capacity Readers Speed Up: Working Memory and Locality Effects.Bruno Nicenboim, Pavel Logačev, Carolina Gattei & Shravan Vasishth - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  • Working Memory Differences in Long-Distance Dependency Resolution.Bruno Nicenboim, Shravan Vasishth, Carolina Gattei, Mariano Sigman & Reinhold Kliegl - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • From Incoherence to Mirth: Neuro-Cognitive Processing of Garden-Path Jokes.Bastian Mayerhofer & Annekathrin Schacht - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Syntactic Constraints and Individual Differences in Native and Non-Native Processing of Wh-Movement.Adrienne Johnson, Robert Fiorentino & Alison Gabriele - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Comprehension and Computation in Bayesian Problem Solving.Eric D. Johnson & Elisabet Tubau - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • Teasing Apart Retrieval and Encoding Interference in the Processing of Anaphors.Lena A. Jäger, Lena Benz, Jens Roeser, Brian W. Dillon & Shravan Vasishth - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • An Interference Account of the Missing-VP Effect.Jana Hã¤Ussler & Markus Bader - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Processing the Chinese Reflexive “Ziji”: Effects of Featural Constraints on Anaphor Resolution.Xiao He & Elsi Kaiser - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Task-Dependency and Structure-Dependency in Number Interference Effects in Sentence Comprehension.Julie Franck, Saveria Colonna & Luigi Rizzi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • Processing Sentences With Multiple Negations: Grammatical Structures That Are Perceived as Unacceptable.Iria de-Dios-Flores - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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