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  1. Neural Basis of Increased Cognitive Control of Impulsivity During the Mid-Luteal Phase Relative to the Late Follicular Phase of the Menstrual Cycle.Jin-Ying Zhuang, Jia-Xi Wang, Qin Lei, Weidong Zhang & Mingxia Fan - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14:568399.
    Hormonal changes across the menstrual cycle have been shown to influence reward-related motivation and impulsive behaviors. Here, to compare neural mechanisms of cognitive impulse control during the mid-luteal phase (LP) versus during the late follicular phase (FP), we employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with an event-related monetary delay discounting (EMDD) behavioral task (study 1) and then employed resting state (RS)-fMRI (study 2). The imaging data were analyzed and related to behavior-associated neural activation. In study 1, women in the late (...)
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  • Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortices Differentially Lateralize Prediction Errors and Outcome Valence in a Decision-Making Task.Alexander R. Weiss, Martin J. Gillies, Marios G. Philiastides, Matthew A. Apps, Miles A. Whittington, James J. FitzGerald, Sandra G. Boccard, Tipu Z. Aziz & Alexander L. Green - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  • A World Unto Itself: Human Communication as Active Inference.Jared Vasil, Paul B. Badcock, Axel Constant, Karl Friston & Maxwell J. D. Ramstead - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  • Neural Signatures of Performance Feedback in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT): An ERP Study.Anja Sommer, Lukas Ecker & Christian Plewnia - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Research on cognitive control has sparked increasing interest in recent years, as it is an important prerequisite for goal oriented human behavior. The paced auditory serial addition task has been used to test and train cognitive control functions. This adaptive, challenging task includes continuous performance feedback. Therefore, additional cognitive control capacities are required to process this information along with the already high task-load. The underlying neural mechanisms, however, are still unclear. To explore the neural signatures of the PASAT and particularly (...)
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  • Changes in Electroencephalography and Cardiac Autonomic Function During Craft Activities: Experimental Evidence for the Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy.Keigo Shiraiwa, Sumie Yamada, Yurika Nishida & Motomi Toichi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Occupational therapy often uses craft activities as therapeutic tools, but their therapeutic effectiveness has not yet been adequately demonstrated. The aim of this study was to examine changes in frontal midline theta rhythm and autonomic nervous responses during craft activities, and to explore the physiological mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effectiveness of occupational therapy. To achieve this, we employed a simple craft activity as a task to induce Fmθ and performed simultaneous EEG and ECG recordings. For participants in which Fmθ activities (...)
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  • Neural Representations of Task Context and Temporal Order During Action Sequence Execution.Danesh Shahnazian, Mehdi Senoussi, Ruth M. Krebs, Tom Verguts & Clay B. Holroyd - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (2):223-240.
    Routine action sequences critically rely on neural mechanisms maintaining contextual and temporal information to disambiguate similar tasks (e.g. making coffee or tea). In this study we show the involvement of areas in temporal and lateral prefrontal cortices in maintaining temporal and contextual information for the execution of hierarchically‐organized action sequences.
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  • Among three different executive functions, general executive control ability is a key predictor of decision making under objective risk.Johannes Schiebener, Elisa Wegmann, Bettina Gathmann, Christian Laier, Mirko Pawlikowski & Matthias Brand - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  • On the relationship between anxiety and error monitoring: a meta-analysis and conceptual framework.Jason S. Moser, Tim P. Moran, Hans S. Schroder, M. Brent Donnellan & Nick Yeung - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  • Evolving Concepts of Functional Localization.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (5):e12914.
    Functional localization is a central aim of cognitive neuroscience. But the nature and extent of functional localization in the human brain have been subjects of fierce theoretical debate since the 19th Century. In this essay, I first examine how concepts of functional localization have changed over time. I then analyze contemporary challenges to functional localization drawing from research on neural reuse, neural degeneracy, and the context-dependence of neural functions. I explore the consequences of these challenges for topics in philosophy of (...)
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  • Strength of Ventral Tegmental Area Connections With Left Caudate Nucleus Is Related to Conflict Monitoring.Ping C. Mamiya, Todd Richards, Neva M. Corrigan & Patricia K. Kuhl - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Emotional Granularity Effects on Event-Related Brain Potentials during Affective Picture Processing.Ja Y. Lee, Kristen A. Lindquist & Chang S. Nam - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  • An opportunity cost model of subjective effort and task performance.Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  • Theories of anterior cingulate cortex function: Opportunity cost.Clay B. Holroyd - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):693-694.
    The target article highlights the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in conflict monitoring, but ACC function may be better understood in terms of the hierarchical organization of behavior. This proposal suggests that the ACC selects extended goal-directed actions according to their learned costs and benefits and executes those behaviors subject to depleting resources.
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  • ERPs and EEG oscillations, best friends forever: comment on Cohen et al.Clay B. Holroyd, Azadeh HajiHosseini & Travis E. Baker - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):192.
  • The brain dynamics of trust decisions and outcome evaluation in narcissists.Fengbo Guo, Ziyang Yang, Tengfei Liu & Li Gu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Individuals with narcissism are, by definition, self-centered, focus on self-benefit, and demonstrate less prosocial behaviors. Trusting strangers is risky, as it can result in exploitation and non-reciprocation. Thus, the trust may be antagonistic to narcissism. However, how narcissists make the choice to trust remains to be elucidated. The current study examined 44 participants playing as trustors in one-shot trust games, and their electroencephalograms were recorded. Individuals high in narcissism exhibited less trust toward strangers, especially following gaining feedback for their trust. (...)
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  • Sequential congruency effects reveal differences in disengagement of attention for monolingual and bilingual young adults.John G. Grundy, Ashley Chung-Fat-Yim, Deanna C. Friesen, Lorinda Mak & Ellen Bialystok - 2017 - Cognition 163 (C):42-55.
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  • Enhanced Resting-State Functional Connectivity With Decreased Amplitude of Low-Frequency Fluctuations of the Salience Network in Mindfulness Novices.Quan Gan, Ning Ding, Guoli Bi, Ruixiang Liu, Xingrong Zhao, Jingmei Zhong, Shaoyuan Wu, Yong Zeng, Liqian Cui, Kunhua Wu, Yunfa Fu & Zhuangfei Chen - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Mindfulness and accordant interventions are often used as complementary treatments to psychological or psychosomatic problems. This has also been gradually integrated into daily lives for the promotion of psychological well-being in non-clinical populations. The experience of mindful acceptance in a non-judgmental way brought about the state, which was less interfered by a negative effect. Mindfulness practice often begins with focused attention meditation restricted to an inner experience. We postulate that the brain areas related to an interoceptive function would demonstrate an (...)
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  • Passively learned spatial navigation cues evoke reinforcement learning reward signals.Thomas D. Ferguson, Chad C. Williams, Ronald W. Skelton & Olave E. Krigolson - 2019 - Cognition 189 (C):65-75.
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  • Error-Related Negativity and the Misattribution of State-Anxiety Following Errors: On the Reproducibility of Inzlicht and Al-Khindi (2012).Carmen Cano Rodilla, André Beauducel & Anja Leue - 2016 - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 2016.
    In their innovative study, Inzlicht and Al-Khindi (2012) demonstrated that participants who were allowed to misattribute their arousal and negative affect induced by errors to a placebo beverage had a reduced error-related negativity (ERN/Ne) compared to controls not being allowed to misattribute their arousal following errors. These results contribute to the ongoing debate that affect and motivation are interwoven with the cognitive processing of errors. Evidence that the misattribution of negative affect modulates the ERN/Ne is essential for understanding the mechanisms (...)
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  • Cognitive Recycling.David L. Barack - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx024.
    Theories in cognitive science, and especially cognitive neuroscience, often claim that parts of cognitive systems are reused for different cognitive functions. Philosophical analysis of this concept, however, is rare. Here, I first provide a set of criteria for an analysis of reuse, and then I analyse reuse in terms of the functions of subsystems. I also discuss how cognitive systems execute cognitive functions, the relation between learning and reuse, and how to differentiate reuse from related concepts like multi-use, redundancy, and (...)
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  • Cognitive Recycling.David L. Barack - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):239-268.
    Theories in cognitive science, and especially cognitive neuroscience, often claim that parts of cognitive systems are reused for different cognitive functions. Philosophical analysis of this concept, however, is rare. Here, I first provide a set of criteria for an analysis of reuse, and then I analyse reuse in terms of the functions of subsystems. I also discuss how cognitive systems execute cognitive functions, the relation between learning and reuse, and how to differentiate reuse from related concepts like multi-use, redundancy, and (...)
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  • The Role of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Prediction Error and Signaling Surprise.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):119-135.
    In the past two decades, reinforcement learning has become a popular framework for understanding brain function. A key component of RL models, prediction error, has been associated with neural signals throughout the brain, including subcortical nuclei, primary sensory cortices, and prefrontal cortex. Depending on the location in which activity is observed, the functional interpretation of prediction error may change: Prediction errors may reflect a discrepancy in the anticipated and actual value of reward, a signal indicating the salience or novelty of (...)
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