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  1. Automatic Detection of Orientation Contrast Occurs at Early but Not Earliest Stages of Visual Cortical Processing in Humans.Yanfen Zhen, Duo Li, Ran Ding, Zili Huang, Zhe Qu & Yulong Ding - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  • High Confidence and Low Accuracy in Redundancy Masking.Fazilet Zeynep Yildirim & Bilge Sayim - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 102:103349.
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  • Neurocognitive Development of the Resolution of Selective Visuo-Spatial Attention: Functional MRI Evidence From Object Tracking.Kerstin Wolf, Elena Galeano Weber, Jasper J. F. van den Bosch, Steffen Volz, Ulrike Nöth, Ralf Deichmann, Marcus J. Naumer, Till Pfeiffer & Christian J. Fiebach - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • An Ecological Approach to Cognitive (Im)Penetrability.Rob Withagen & Claire F. Michaels - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):399-400.
    We offer an ecological (Gibsonian) alternative to cognitive (im)penetrability. Whereas Pylyshyn explains cognitive (im)penetrability by focusing solely on computations carried out by the nervous system, according to the ecological approach the perceiver as a knowing agent influences the entire animal-environmental system: in the determination of what constitutes the environment (affordances), what constitutes information, what information is detected and, thus, what is perceived.
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  • Context Mitigates Crowding: Peripheral Object Recognition in Real-World Images.Maarten W. A. Wijntjes & Ruth Rosenholtz - 2018 - Cognition 180:158-164.
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  • Visual Crowding: A Fundamental Limit on Conscious Perception and Object Recognition.David Whitney & Dennis M. Levi - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):160-168.
  • Visuomotor Extrapolation.David Whitney - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):220-221.
    Accurate perception of moving objects would be useful; accurate visually guided action is crucial. Visual motion across the scene influences perceived object location and the trajectory of reaching movements to objects. In this commentary, I propose that the visual system assigns the position of any object based on the predominant motion present in the scene, and that this is used to guide reaching movements to compensate for delays in visuomotor processing.
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  • Undetectable Changes in Image Resolution of Luminance-Contrast Gradients Affect Depth Perception.Yoshiaki Tsushima, Kazuteru Komine, Yasuhito Sawahata & Toshiya Morita - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Mapping Visual Attention with Change Blindness: New Directions for a New Method.Peter U. Tse - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (2):241.
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  • Attentional Costs in Multiple-Object Tracking.Michael Tombu & Adriane E. Seiffert - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):1-25.
  • Self-Motion Impairs Multiple-Object Tracking.Laura E. Thomas & Adriane E. Seiffert - 2010 - Cognition 117 (1):80-86.
  • Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap.John G. Taylor - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):109-48.
    An exploration is given of neural network features now being uncovered in cortical processing which begins to go a little way to help bridge the ''Explanatory Gap'' between phenomenal consciousness and correlated brain activity. A survey of properties suggested as being possessed by phenomenal consciousness leads to a set of criteria to be required of the correlated neural activity. Various neural styles of processing are reviewed and those fitting the criteria are selected for further analysis. One particular processing style, in (...)
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  • Crowding, Attention and Consciousness: In Support of the Inference Hypothesis.Henry Taylor & Bilge Sayim - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (1):17-33.
    One of the most important topics in current work on consciousness is what relationship it has to attention. Recently, one of the focuses of this debate has been on the phenomenon of identity crowding. Ned Block has claimed that identity crowding involves conscious perception of an object that we are unable to pay attention to. In this article, we draw upon a range of empirical findings to argue against Block's interpretation of the data. We also argue that current empirical evidence (...)
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  • Dr. Angry and Mr. Smile: When Categorization Flexibly Modifies the Perception of Faces in Rapid Visual Presentations.Philippe G. Schyns & Aude Oliva - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):243-265.
  • Attentional Resolution.Sheng He, Patrick Cavanagh & James Intriligator - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (3):115-121.
  • Executive Functions in Synesthesia.Romke Rouw, Joram van Driel, Koen Knip & K. Richard Ridderinkhof - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):184-202.
    In grapheme-color synesthesia, a number or letter can evoke two different and possibly conflicting color sensations at the same time. In this study, we investigate the relationship between synesthesia and executive control functions. First, no general skill differences were obtained between synesthetes and non-synesthetes in classic executive control paradigms. Furthermore, classic executive control effects did not interact with synesthetic behavioral effects. Third, we found support for our hypothesis that inhibition of a synesthetic color takes effort and time. Finally, individual differences (...)
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  • How Many Kinds of Consciousness?David M. Rosenthal - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):653-665.
    Ned BlockÕs influential distinction between phenomenal and access consciousness has become a staple of current discussions of consciousness. It is not often noted, however, that his distinction tacitly embodies unargued theoretical assumptions that favor some theoretical treatments at the expense of others. This is equally so for his less widely discussed distinction between phenomenal consciousness and what he calls reflexive consciousness. I argue that the distinction between phenomenal and access consciousness, as Block draws it, is untenable. Though mental states that (...)
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  • Spontaneous Recovery of Effects of Contrast Adaptation Without Awareness.Gaoxing Mei, Xue Dong, Bo Dong & Min Bao - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Unitary and Dual Models of Phenomenal Consciousness.Tomáš Marvan & Michal Polák - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:1-12.
  • What We See: Inattention and the Capture of Attention by Meaning.Arien Mack, Zissis Pappas, Michael E. Silverman & Robin Gay - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):488-506.
    Attention is necessary for the conscious perception of any object. Objects not attended to are not seen. What is it that captures attention when we are engaged in some attention-absorbing task? Earlier research has shown that there are only a very few stimuli which have this power and therefore are reliably detected under these conditions . The two most reliable are the observer’s own name and a happy face icon which seem to capture attention by virtue of their meaning. Three (...)
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  • Model of Multiple Identity Tracking (MOMIT) 2.0: Resolving the Serial Vs. Parallel Controversy in Tracking.Jie Li, Lauri Oksama & Jukka Hyönä - 2019 - Cognition 182 (C):260-274.
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  • Attention and Consciousness: Two Distinct Brain Processes.Christof Koch & Naotsugu Tsuchiya - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):16-22.
  • Attention and Consciousness: Related yet Different.Christof Koch & Naotsugu Tsuchiya - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):103-105.
  • Another Opening in the Explanatory Gap.John P. Kline - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):185-189.
  • Afterimages: A Tool for Defining the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Kuno Kirschfeld - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):462-483.
    Our visual system not only mediates information about the visual environment but is capable of generating pictures of nonexistent worlds: afterimages, illusions, phosphenes, etc. We are ''aware'' of these pictures just as we are aware of the images of natural, physical objects. This raises the question: is the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) of such images the same as that of images of physical objects? Images of natural objects have some properties in common with afterimages (e.g., stability of verticality) but (...)
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  • Mental and Sensorimotor Extrapolation Fare Better Than Motion Extrapolation in the Offset Condition.Dirk Kerzel & Jochen Müsseler - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):206-207.
    Evidence for motion extrapolation at motion offset is scarce. In contrast, there is abundant evidence that subjects mentally extrapolate the future trajectory of weak motion signals at motion offset. Further, pointing movements overshoot at motion offset. We believe that mental and sensorimotor extrapolation is sufficient to solve the problem of perceptual latencies. Both present the advantage of being much more flexible than motion extrapolation.
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  • Probing Unconscious Visual Processing with the Mccollough Effect.G. Keith Humphrey & Melvyn A. Goodale - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (3):494-519.
    The McCollough effect, an orientation-contingent color aftereffect, has been known for over 30 years and, like other aftereffects, has been taken as a means of probing the brain's operations psychophysically. In this paper, we review psychophysical, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging studies of the McCollough effect. Much of the evidence suggests that the McCollough effect depends on neural mechanisms that are located early in the cortical visual pathways, probably in V1. We also review evidence showing that the aftereffect can be induced without (...)
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  • Motion-Induced Blindness Does Not Affect the Formation of Negative Afterimages.Constanze Hofstoetter, Christof Koch & Daniel C. Kiper - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):691-708.
    Aftereffects induced by invisible stimuli constitute a powerful tool to investigate what type of neural information processing can occur in the absence of visual awareness. This approach has been successfully used to demonstrate that awareness of oriented gratings or translating stimuli is not necessary to obtain a robust orientation-specific or motion-specific aftereffect. We exploit motion-induced blindness to investigate the related question of the influence of visual awareness on the formation of negative afterimages. Our results show that MIB does not affect (...)
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  • How Well Do You See What You Hear? The Acuity of Visual-to-Auditory Sensory Substitution.Alastair Haigh, David J. Brown, Peter Meijer & Michael J. Proulx - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Sensory substitution devices (SSDs) aim to compensate for the loss of a sensory modality, typically vision, by converting information from the lost modality into stimuli in a remaining modality. “The vOICe” is a visual-to-auditory SSD which encodes images taken by a camera worn by the user into “soundscapes” such that experienced users can extract information about their surroundings. Here we investigated how much detail was resolvable during the early induction stages by testing the acuity of blindfolded sighted, naïve vOICe users. (...)
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  • Nonconscious Influences From Emotional Faces: A Comparison of Visual Crowding, Masking, and Continuous Flash Suppression.Nathan Faivre, Vincent Berthet & Sid Kouider - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  • A Dissociation Between Selective Attention and Conscious Awareness in the Representation of Temporal Order Information.Martin Eimer & Anna Grubert - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:274-281.
  • The Time of Consciousness and Vice Versa.Frank H. Durgin & Saul Sternberg - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):284-290.
    The temporal granularity of consciousness may be far less fine than the real-time information processing mechanisms that underlie our sensitivity to small temporal differences. It is suggested that conscious time perception, like space perception, is subject to errors that belie a unitary underlying representation. E. R. Clay's concept of the “specious present,” an extended moment represented in consciousness, is suggested as an alternative to the more common notion of instantaneous experience that underlies much reasoning based on the “time of arrival” (...)
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  • Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes.Vincent Di Lollo, James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 2000 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-General 129 (4):481-507.
    Advances in neuroscience implicate reentrant signaling as the predominant form of communication between brain areas. This principle was used in a series of masking experiments that defy explanation by feed-forward theories. The masking occurs when a brief display of target plus mask is continued with the mask alone. Two masking processes were found: an early process affected by physical factors such as adapting luminance and a later process affected by attentional factors such as set size. This later process is called (...)
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  • Towards a Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness: Basic Evidence and a Workspace Framework.Stanislas Dehaene & Lionel Naccache - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1):1-37.
    This introductory chapter attempts to clarify the philosophical, empirical, and theoretical bases on which a cognitive neuroscience approach to consciousness can be founded. We isolate three major empirical observations that any theory of consciousness should incorporate, namely (1) a considerable amount of processing is possible without consciousness, (2) attention is a prerequisite of consciousness, and (3) consciousness is required for some specific cognitive tasks, including those that require durable information maintenance, novel combinations of operations, or the spontaneous generation of intentional (...)
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  • Size-Invariant but Location-Specific Object-Viewpoint Adaptation in the Absence of Awareness.Shinho Cho & Sheng He - 2019 - Cognition 192 (C):104035.
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  • Chinese Character Processing in Visual Masking.Juan Chen & Ye Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It has not been clarified if attention influences perception of targets in visual masking. Three forms of common masks were thus chosen in the present study and presented with character targets in three temporal sequences. In order to pinpoint the level of processing where masking arises, character targets were varied in depth of processing from random arrangements of strokes up to real Chinese characters. The attentional influence was examined under perceptual discrimination and lexical decision tasks, respectively. The results revealed significant (...)
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  • Two’s Company, Three’s a Crowd: Individuation is Necessary for Object Recognition.Ramakrishna Chakravarthi & Amy Herbert - 2019 - Cognition 184:69-82.
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  • Psychophysical “Blinding” Methods Reveal a Functional Hierarchy of Unconscious Visual Processing.Bruno G. Breitmeyer - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:234-250.
  • Paradox and Cross Purposes in Recent Work on Consciousness.N. Block - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1-2):197--219.
    Dehaene and Naccache, Dennett and Jack and Shallice “see convergence coming from many different quarters on a version of the neuronal global workspace model†(Dennett, p. 1). (Boldface references are to papers in this volume.) On the contrary, even within this volume, there are commitments to very different perspectives on consciousness. And these differing perspectives are based on tacit differences in philosophical starting places that should be made explicit.  Indeed, it is not clear that different uses of “consciousness†and (...)
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  • Visibility of Brief Images: The Dual-Process Approach.Talis Bachmann - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):491-518.
    If successive, brief visual images are exposed for recognition or for psychophysical ratings, various effects and phenomena of fast dynamics of conscious perception such as mutual masking, metacontrast, proactive enhancement of contrast, proactive speed-up of the latency of subjective visual experience, the Fröhlich Effect, the Tandem Effect, attentional facilitation by visuospatial precuing, and some others have been found. The theory proposed to deal with these phenomena proceeds from the assumption that two types of brain processes are necessary in order to (...)
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  • The Role of Feature Tracking in the Furrow Illusion.Rémy Allard & Jocelyn Faubert - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  • Synaesthesia: A Window Into Perception, Thought and Language.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & Edward M. Hubbard - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (12):3-34.
    (1) The induced colours led to perceptual grouping and pop-out, (2) a grapheme rendered invisible through ‘crowding’ or lateral masking induced synaesthetic colours — a form of blindsight — and (3) peripherally presented graphemes did not induce colours even when they were clearly visible. Taken collectively, these and other experiments prove conclusively that synaesthesia is a genuine percep- tual phenomenon, not an effect based on memory associations from childhood or on vague metaphorical speech. We identify different subtypes of number–colour synaesthesia (...)
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  • Separate Neural Definitions of Visual Consciousness and Visual Attention: A Case for Phenomenal Awareness.Victor A. F. Lamme - 2004 - Neural Networks 17 (5):861-872.
  • "Consciousness". Selected Bibliography 1970 - 2004.Thomas Metzinger - unknown
    This is a bibliography of books and articles on consciousness in philosophy, cognitive science, and neuroscience over the last 30 years. There are three main sections, devoted to monographs, edited collections of papers, and articles. The first two of these sections are each divided into three subsections containing books in each of the main areas of research. The third section is divided into 12 subsections, with 10 subject headings for philosophical articles along with two additional subsections for articles in cognitive (...)
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  • Single Units and Conscious Vision.Nikos K. Logothetis - 1998 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 353:1801-1818.
    Logothetis, N.K.: Single units and conscious vision. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 353, 1801-1818 (1998) Abstract.
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  • What is a Neural Correlate of Consciousness?David J. Chalmers - 2000 - In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. pp. 17--39.
    The search for neural correlates of consciousness (or NCCs) is arguably the cornerstone in the recent resurgence of the science of consciousness. The search poses many difficult empirical problems, but it seems to be tractable in principle, and some ingenious studies in recent years have led to considerable progress. A number of proposals have been put forward concerning the nature and location of neural correlates of consciousness. A few of these include.
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  • Strength of Early Visual Adaptation Depends on Visual Awareness.Randolph Blake, Duje Tadin, Kenith V. Sobel, Tony A. Raissian & Sang Chul Chong - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (12):4783-4788.
  • Visual Attention.Marvin Chun & Jeremy Wolfe - 2001 - In E. B. Goldstein (ed.), Blackwell Handbook of Perception. Blackwell. pp. 2--335.
  • Neural Correlates of Consciousness in Humans.Geraint Rees, G. Kreiman & Christof Koch - 2002 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3 (4):261-270.
  • Primary Visual Cortex and Visual Awareness.Frank Tong - 2003 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (3):219-229.