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Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft

Mind 13 (51):439-444 (1888)

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  1. The Problem of Russian Democracy: Can Russia Rise Again?: Dmitry Shlapentokh.Dmitry Shlapentokh - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (1):269-313.
    While Western political scientists have a variety of opinions on democracy and how its institutions could be improved, they almost never argue about the validity of democracy as a form of government. Of course, it would be unfair here to ignore the presence of an authoritarian streak in Western thought. Thomas Hobbes comes to mind most immediately. Yet the views of those thinkers with an authoritarian bent have become marginalized in present-day discourse; or, to be more precise, it is assumed (...)
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  • Solidarity, Justice, and Recognition of the Other.Ruud ter Meulen - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (6):517-529.
    Solidarity has for a long time been referred to as the core value underpinning European health and welfare systems. But there has been debate in recent years about whether solidarity, with its alleged communitarian content, can be reconciled with the emphasis on individual freedom and personal autonomy. One may wonder whether there is still a place for solidarity, and whether the concept of justice should be embraced to analyse the moral issues regarding access to health care. In this article, I (...)
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  • African Philosophy and the Decolonisation of Education in Africa: Some Critical Reflections.Philip Higgs - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (s2):37-55.
    The liberation of Africa and its peoples from centuries of racially discriminatory colonial rule and domination has far-reaching implications for educational thought and practice. The transformation of educational discourse in Africa requires a philosophical framework that respects diversity, acknowledges lived experience and challenges the hegemony of Western forms of universal knowledge. In this article I reflect critically on whether African philosophy, as a system of African knowledge(s), can provide a useful philosophical framework for the construction of empowering knowledge that will (...)
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  • A Complementary Perspective on Business Ethics in South Korea: Civil Religion, Common Misconceptions, and Overlooked Social Structures.Sven Horak & Inju Yang - 2018 - Business Ethics: A European Review 27 (1):1-14.
    Following the recent call for advancement in knowledge about business ethics in East Asia, this study proposes a complementary perspective on business ethics in South Korea. We challenge the conventional view that South Korea is a strictly collectivist country, where group norms and low trust determine the norms and values of behavior. Using the concept of civil religion, we suggest that the center of the South Korean civil religion can be seen in the affective ties and networks pervading the economic, (...)
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  • Sociology as a Naïve Science: Alfred Schütz and the Phenomenological Theory of Attitudes.Greg Yudin - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (4):547-568.
    Alfred Schütz is often credited with providing sociology with a firm ground derived from phenomenology of science and justifying it as a science operating within natural attitude. Although his project of social science draws extensively on Edmund Husserl’s theory of attitudes, it would be incorrect to assume that Schütz shares with the founder of phenomenology his conception of science. This paper compares Husserl’s and Schütz’s views on the structure and meaning of science and traces the roots of their radical divergence. (...)
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  • Aportes de las teorías sociológicas a la discusión de la ontología. Los casos de Luhmann, Habermas y Latour.Sergio Pignuoli Ocampo - 2016 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 41 (1):153-179.
    En este trabajo se discuten los aportes de la teoría sociológica contemporánea al debate filosófico y científico de la ontología, para ello son cotejados los componentes ontológicos de la Teoría General de Sistemas Sociales de Niklas Luhmann, lla Teoría de la Acción Comunicativa de Jürgen Habermas y la Actor-Network Theory de Bruno Latour.
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  • Wantoks and Kastom: Solomon Islands and Melanesia.Gordon Nanau - 2018 - In Alena Ledeneva (ed.), The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality. London, U.K.: UCL Press. pp. 244-248.
    The wantok system in the Solomon Islands and the Melanesian countries more broadly, strongly links to the practices of group identity and belonging, reciprocity, and caring for one’s relatives. It is a term used to express patterns of relationships that link people in families, tribes, islands, provinces, nationality and even more superficially at greater Melanesian sub-regional aggregates. Various aspects of the wantok system are called different names by distinct language groups in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Nevertheless, the (...)
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  • Connecting Contexts: A Badiouian Epistemology for Consumer Culture Theory.Amanda J. Earley - unknown
    This essay is a response to Askegaard and Linnet’s : 381–404) call for a greater epistemological plurality within consumer culture theory. The article begins with a brief review of what these authors refer to as the dominant existential–phenomenological perspective and their Morinian alternative and then presents contemporary political philosophy as another alternative. Political philosophy has experienced quite a renaissance in recent years, and the school of thought has inspired major epistemological and ontological interventions throughout the academy. Here, I provide a (...)
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  • Das Denken über die Großstadt um 1900 Deutsche Stellungnahmen zum urbanen Lebensraum im internationalen Vergleich†.Andrew Lees - 1992 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 15 (3):139-150.
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  • The Place of a Positive Critique in Contemporary Critical Psychology.Morten Nissen - 2008 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 10 (1):49-66.
    The essay attempts to contextualize the German-Scandinavian tradition of Critical Psychology (GSCP) that bases on Cultural-Historical Activity Theory in today's critical psychologies. It is argued that adding to a psychology and ideology critique the positive dimension of ”foundational” theory is important to counteract the currently prevailing “negative” ideology of liberalism. It is also claimed that an ”instrumental” version of critical psychology, which takes up elements from psychology for tactical purposes will remain dependent on the given discipline of psychology and unable (...)
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  • From Community to Time–Space Development: Comparing N. S. Trubetzkoy, Nishida Kitarō, and Watsuji Tetsurō.Thorsten Botz-Bornstein - 2007 - Asian Philosophy 17 (3):263 – 282.
    I introduce and compare Russian and Japanese notions of community and space. Some characteristic strains of thought that exist in both countries had similar points of departure, overcame similar problems and arrived at similar results. In general, in Japan and Russia, the nostalgia for the community has been strong because one felt that in society through modernization something of the particularity of one's culture had been lost. As a consequence, both in Japan and in Russia allusions to the German sociologist (...)
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  • An Organizational Field Approach to Corporate Rationality: The Role of Stakeholder Activism.Lenahan L. O’Connell, Carroll U. Stephens, Michael Betz, Jon M. Shepard & Jamie R. Hendry - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):93-111.
    This paper contends that rationality is more properly evaluated as a property of an organization’s relationships with its stakeholders than of the organization itself. We predicate our approach on the observation that stakeholders can hold goals quite distinct from those of owners and top managers, and these too can be rationally pursued. We build upon stakeholder theory and Weber’s classic distinction between wertrationalitat and zweckrationalitat, adding to them the “new institutionalist” concept of the organization field . Stakeholders employ a variety (...)
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  • Kampen om sammenhængskraften - En analyse af begrebet sammenhængskraft i den offentlige debat fra 1994 til 2010.Rikke Alberg Peters - 2014 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 70:129-156.
    This article addresses the Danish concept ‘sammenhængskraft’ in its shifting articulations in the Danish public debate from 1994-2010. By combining a discursive analytical approach with Reinhart Koselleck’s notion of asymmetric counterconcepts it is demonstrated how the concept is embedded in various political discourses. Through this process, which is described as a semantic battle, it gradually changes its meaning from an open social political concept used in particular when discussing future socio political challenges in the well fare state to a national (...)
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  • Bildung, Subjectivity and New Information Technologies.Winfried Marotzki - 2003 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):227-239.
  • What Undermines Solidarity? Four Approaches and Their Implications for Contemporary Political Theory.Charles H. T. Lesch - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-15.
  • Nature and Roles for Community Networks in the Information Society.Fiorella de Cindio & Laura Anna Ripamonti - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (3):265-278.
    This paper draws on the authors more than 10 years of involvement in the action research experience of the Milan Community Network. It discusses the roles that community networks play in the Information Society: starting from a neat characterization of “online community”, community networks are presented as ICT learning communities, as local online communities and as complementary to Digital Cities. Finally, critical insights into institutional aspects of community networks are considered from the perspective of their sustainability.
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